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トリヒドロキシアルミニウム

トリヒドロキシアルミニウム 化学構造式
21645-51-2
CAS番号.
21645-51-2
化学名:
トリヒドロキシアルミニウム
别名:
アルミゲル;水酸化アルミニウム;トリヒドロキシアルミニウム;アルミニウムヒドロキシド;酸化アルミニウムヒドラート;アンホジェル;アルサル;酸化アルミニウム水和物;アルミニウムトリヒドロキシド;水酸化Al;アルミニウムハイドレイト;水酸化アルミニウム REAGENT GRADE;ALU-GEL-S懸濁液, 殺菌;水酸化アルミニウムゲル;水酸化アルミニウム, dried gel, 99%;乾燥水酸化アルミニウム;乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル細粒;乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (JP17);乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル細粒 (JP17)
英語化学名:
Aluminum hydroxide
英語别名:
c33;c4d;h46;c31c;c31f;AHDG;p30bf;af260;alugel;alusal
CBNumber:
CB9243680
化学式:
AlH3O3
分子量:
78
MOL File:
21645-51-2.mol

トリヒドロキシアルミニウム 物理性質

融点 :
300℃
比重(密度) :
2.42 g/cm3 at 20 °C
蒸気圧:
<0.1 hPa (20 °C)
貯蔵温度 :
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
溶解性:
0.0015g/l
外見 :
colloidal suspension
色:
White
比重:
2.42
臭い (Odor):
Odorless
酸塩基指示薬変色域(pH):
>7
PH:
8-9 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)(slurry)
水溶解度 :
insoluble
Merck :
14,342
Ksp溶解度積定数:
pKsp: 32.89
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with strong bases.
CAS データベース:
21645-51-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Aluminum hydroxide (21645-51-2)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xi
Rフレーズ  36
Sフレーズ  26-36
WGK Germany  -
RTECS 番号 BD0940000
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  28183000
有毒物質データの 21645-51-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 TDLo oral in child: 79gm/kg/2Y-I
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Warning
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
注意書き
P261 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
P304+P340 吸入した場合:空気の新鮮な場所に移し、呼吸しやすい 姿勢で休息させること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P405 施錠して保管すること。

トリヒドロキシアルミニウム 価格 もっと(17)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01SRM93-1317
Aluminum hydroxide, dried gel, 99%
21645-51-2 500g ¥14600 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01SEV12261 Alu-Gel-S懸濁液, 殺菌
Alu-Gel-S Suspension, sterile
21645-51-2 50mL ¥13800 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01162-01 水酸化アルミニウム >90.0%(T)
Aluminium hydroxide >90.0%(T)
21645-51-2 500g ¥2500 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01162-00 水酸化アルミニウム >95.0%(T)
Aluminium hydroxide >95.0%(T)
21645-51-2 500g ¥9500 2021-03-23 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 239186 水酸化アルミニウム reagent grade
Aluminum hydroxide reagent grade
21645-51-2 25g ¥6020 2021-03-23 購入

トリヒドロキシアルミニウム MSDS


Aluminium hydroxide

トリヒドロキシアルミニウム 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色~わずかにうすい黄色, 粉末

定義

本品は、アルミニウム(Al(*))の水酸化物であり、次の化学式で表される。
参照表示名称:Al

溶解性

水に不溶。

解説

Al(OH)3(78.00).天然にはギブス石Al(OH)3,ダイアスボアAlO(OH)またはAl2O3・H2Oとして産出する.アルミン酸塩水溶液に二酸化炭素を通じるとAl(OH)3の白色の結晶が得られる.密度2.42 g cm-3.水に難溶.両性水酸化物で,鉱酸にもアルカリにも溶解する.エタノールに不溶.300 ℃ で脱水して酸化アルミニウムを生じる.水和したゲルは吸着力が強い.ガスや液体の精製,クロマトグラフィーの吸着剤,乳化剤,媒染剤,製紙,繊維の防水,セラミックガラス,難燃剤,耐火物の製造,医薬品(制酸剤,収れん剤)などに用いられる.[CAS 21645-51-2:Al(OH)3][CAS 14457-84-2:AlO(OH)]
森北出版「化学辞典(第2版)

用途

医薬品原料、歯磨粉

用途

アルミニウム塩の製造原料、陶磁器、ガラス、耐火物、触媒及び触媒担体等。

化粧品の成分用途

不透明化剤、皮膚保護剤

効能

制酸薬

主な用途/役割

エポキシ樹脂系接着剤に使用される。

商品名

アルミゲル (中外製薬); 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (マイラン製薬); 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (三恵薬品); 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (丸石製薬); 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (丸石製薬); 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (健栄製薬); 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (日興製薬)

化学的特性

Aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH)3, also known as aluminum trihydroxide, aluminum trihydrate, aluminum hydrate, hydrated alumina, and hydrated aluminum oxide, is a white to whitish-yellow water-insoluble powder with a specific gravity of 2.42. Aluminum hydroxide is used as a baseforpigments, as a water repellent in textile coatings, and as an antacid in medicine. Aluminum hydroxide is soluble in hydrochloric or sulfuric acids or in sodiumhydroxide.

化学的特性

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is a white hydrogel that sediments slowly and forms a clear supernatant.

使用

aluminum hydroxide is an inorganic compound used to make a product less transparent. It is also used by formulators as a humectant, and to soften, smooth, and protect the skin. In addition it helps control product viscosity. often found in facial masks and make-up preparations.

使用

Mainly used as an Active medicament in an Antacid Formulations, also used in manufacturing of Lake Colors, Inks, glass, effluent treatment, and fire retardants.

使用

As absorbent, in chromatography, manufacturing of glass, paper, inks, ceramics, lubricants, cosmeticsAluminum hydroxide is used as a desiccant powder, filler in paper, plastics, rubber and cosmetics. It is used as a smoke suppressant and mordant dye. It is also used in drugs as antacid and antihyperphosphatemic. It is also used as a Claus catalyst support for waterproof fabrics. It is an important starting material for the preparation of other aluminum compounds, calcined alumina, aluminum sulfate, polyaluminum chloride, zeolites, sodium aluminate, activated alumina and aluminum nitrate. In addition, it is used as a fire retardant.

調製方法

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is prepared by the precipitation of a soluble aluminum salt by an alkali hydroxide, or the precipitation of an alkali aluminate by acid.

定義

aluminium hydroxide: A white crystalline compound, Al(OH)3; r.d. 2.42-2.52. The compound occurs naturally as the mineral gibbsite (monoclinic). In the laboratory it can be prepared by precipitation from solutions of aluminium salts. Such solutions contain the hexaquoaluminium( III) ion with six water molecules coordinated, [Al(H2O)6]3+. In neutral solution this ionizes:
[Al(H2O)6]3+→H+ + [Al(H2O)5OH]2+
The presence of a weak base such as S2- or CO32- (by bubbling hydrogen sulphide or carbon dioxide through the solution) causes further ionization with precipitation of aluminium hydroxide
[Al(H2O)6]3+(aq) → Al(H2O)3(OH)3(s) + 3H+(aq)
The substance contains coordinated water molecules and is more correctly termed hydrated aluminium hydroxide. In addition, the precipitate has water molecules trapped in it and has a characteristic gelatinous form. The substance is amphoteric. In strong bases the aluminate ion is produced by loss of a further proton:
Al(H2O)3(OH)3(s) + OH-(aq)
[Al(H2O)2(OH)4]-(aq) + H2O(l)
On heating, the hydroxide transforms to a mixed oxide hydroxide, AlO.OH (rhombic; r.d. 3.01). This substance occurs naturally as diaspore and boehmite. Above 450℃ it transforms to γ-alumina.
In practice various substances can be produced that are mixed crystalline forms of Al(OH)3, AlO.OH, and aluminium oxide (Al2O3) with water molecules. These are known as hydrated alumina. Heating the hydrated hydroxide causes loss of water, and produces various activated aluminas, which differ in porosity, number of remaining -OH groups, and particle size. These are used as catalysts (particularly for organic dehydration reactions), as catalyst supports, and in chromatography. Gelatinous freshly precipitated aluminium hydroxide was formerly widely used as a mordant for dyeing and calico printing because of its ability to form insoluble coloured lakes with vegetable dyes.

brand name

Amphojel (Wyeth-Ayerst); Dialume (Rhone-Poulenc Rorer).

応用例(製薬)

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is used in parenteral human and veterinary vaccines.It activates Th2 immune responses, including IgG and IgE antibody responses. It is also used for the isolation of certain serum components such as blood clotting factors.

応用例(製薬)

Aluminium hydroxide (Al(OH)3) has several medical applications. It is used as an antacid for treating heartburn as well as acid indigestion (reflux oesophagitis). It is also known to have healing properties of peptic ulcers. In patients suffering from kidney failure, who show elevated serum phosphate levels (hyperphosphataemia), Al(OH)3 is used as a phosphate binder.
Al(OH)3 is an amphoteric compound , which means it can react as a base or as an acid. In its application as an anti-acid, Al(OH)3 reacts with any excess stomach acid (mainly HCl) with the formation of AlCl3 and water .
Al(OH)3 + 3HCl → AlCl3 + 3H2O
Al(OH)3 is known to cause constipation, so formulations of anti-acids often include a combination with Mg2+ antacids. Usually, oral antifoaming agents, such as simethicone, are added in order to reduce bloating and discomfort/pain.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Human systemic effects by ingestion: fever, osteomalacia, and gastrointestinal effects. When coprecipitated with bismuth hydroxide and reduced by H2, it is violently flammable in air. Incompatible with chlorinated rubber.

安全性

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is intended for use in parenteral vaccines and is generally regarded as nontoxic. It may cause mild irritation, dryness, and dermatitis on skin contact. On eye contact, aluminum hydroxide adjuvant may also cause redness, conjunctivitis, and short-term mild irritation. Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting, and constipation. Inhalation of the dried product may cause respiratory irritation and cough. Type I hypersensitivity reactions following parenteral administration have been reported.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Orally administered aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce hyperphosphatemia in patients with renal failure.

貯蔵

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is stable for at least 2 years when stored at 4–308℃ in well-sealed inert containers. It must not be allowed to freeze as the hydrated colloid structure will be irreversibly damaged.

不和合性

When exposed to phosphate, carbonate, sulfate, or borate anions, the point of zero charge for aluminum hydroxide adjuvant decreases.

規制状況(Regulatory Status)

GRAS listed. Accepted for use in human and veterinary parenteral vaccines in Europe and the USA. The limits for use in human vaccines are 0.85 mg aluminum/dose (FDA) and 1.25 mg aluminum/ dose (WHO). There are no established limits for use in veterinary vaccines. Reported in the EPA TSCA Inventory.

トリヒドロキシアルミニウム 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


トリヒドロキシアルミニウム 生産企業

Global( 448)Suppliers
名前 電話番号 ファックス番号 電子メール 国籍 製品カタログ 優位度
Hebei Runbin Biotechnology Co. LTD
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2179877681@qq.com CHINA 1000 58
SINOPRO.CO.LTD
0082-42-721-7177
0082-42-3676760 michael@sinopro.co.kr South Korea 300 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com China 22607 55
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
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21645-51-2(トリヒドロキシアルミニウム)キーワード:


  • 21645-51-2
  • alcoac30bf
  • alcoac330
  • alcoac333
  • alugel
  • alumigel
  • aluminahydrated
  • aluminicacid
  • Aluminiumhydrate
  • aluminum(iii)hydroxide
  • aluminumhydroxide(al(oh)3)
  • aluminumoxide-3h2o
  • aluminumoxidehydrate
  • aluminumtrihydrate
  • aluminumtrihydroxide
  • alusal
  • amberolst140f
  • amphojel
  • bacoaf260
  • britishaluminumaf260
  • c.i.77002
  • c31c
  • c31f
  • c-31-f
  • c33
  • c4d
  • calmogastrin
  • ci77002
  • gha331
  • gha332
  • gha431
  • アルミゲル
  • 水酸化アルミニウム
  • トリヒドロキシアルミニウム
  • アルミニウムヒドロキシド
  • 酸化アルミニウムヒドラート
  • アンホジェル
  • アルサル
  • 酸化アルミニウム水和物
  • アルミニウムトリヒドロキシド
  • 水酸化Al
  • アルミニウムハイドレイト
  • 水酸化アルミニウム REAGENT GRADE
  • ALU-GEL-S懸濁液, 殺菌
  • 水酸化アルミニウムゲル
  • 水酸化アルミニウム, dried gel, 99%
  • 乾燥水酸化アルミニウム
  • 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル細粒
  • 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル (JP17)
  • 乾燥水酸化アルミニウムゲル細粒 (JP17)
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