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硫酸ジアンモニウム

硫酸ジアンモニウム 化学構造式
7783-20-2
CAS番号.
7783-20-2
化学名:
硫酸ジアンモニウム
别名:
硫酸二アンモニウム;硫酸ジアンモニウム;リアス;ドラミン;硫酸アンモニウム;硫安;コールトロールLPA-40;0.05MOL/L(N/10) 硫酸アンモニウム溶液;アンモニア標準液 0.01MG NH4/ML(10PPM);アンモニア標準液 0.1PPM NH4;アンモニア標準液 1MG NH4/ML;アンモニア標準液 1PPM NH4;アンモニア標準液 50PPM NH4;硫酸アンモニウム ACS REAGENT,≥99.0%;硫酸アンモニウム PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,≥99%;硫酸アンモニウム PURUM P.A.,≥99.0% (T);硫酸アンモニウム TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS,≥99.9999% (METALS BASIS)
英語化学名:
Ammonium sulfate
英語别名:
Liase;dolamin;nsc77671;actamaster;(NH4)2 SO4;mascagnite;Wasfcaguite ;Ammonium suL;caswellno.048;Ammoniumsulfat
CBNumber:
CB9466357
化学式:
H8N2O4S
分子量:
132.14
MOL File:
7783-20-2.mol

硫酸ジアンモニウム 物理性質

融点 :
>280 °C (dec.) (lit.)
比重(密度) :
1.77 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
蒸気圧:
<1 Pa (25 °C)
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.396
闪点 :
26 °C
貯蔵温度 :
room temp
溶解性:
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
外見 :
Solid
比重:
1.769
色:
Yellow to orange
PH:
5.0-6.0 (25℃, 1M in H2O)
臭い (Odor):
Slight odor of ammonia
酸塩基指示薬変色域(pH):
5 - 6
水溶解度 :
77 g/100 mL (25 ºC)
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.037
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.030
Merck :
14,555
安定性::
Stable. Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fire or explosion. Incompatible with strong bases.
InChIKey:
BFNBIHQBYMNNAN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
7783-20-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Ammonium sulfate (7783-20-2)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xi,Xn
Rフレーズ  10-36/37/38-22
Sフレーズ  37/39-26-36-24/25
RIDADR  UN 1170 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 BS4500000
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  31022100
有毒物質データの 7783-20-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 2840 mg/kg
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H303 飲み込むと有害のおそれ 急性毒性、経口 5 P312
H412 長期的影響により水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 3 P273, P501
注意書き
P273 環境への放出を避けること。

硫酸ジアンモニウム 価格 もっと(104)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01COBQE-5188
Ammonium sulfate
7783-20-2 5g ¥3600 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01COBQE-5188 硫酸アンモニウム
Ammonium sulfate
7783-20-2 25g ¥5400 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01COBQE-5188 硫酸アンモニウム
Ammonium sulfate
7783-20-2 100g ¥14400 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01322-01 硫酸アンモニウム >99.0%(T)
Ammonium sulfate >99.0%(T)
7783-20-2 500g ¥1200 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01322-00 硫酸アンモニウム >99.5%(T)
Ammonium sulfate >99.5%(T)
7783-20-2 500g ¥1400 2021-03-23 購入

硫酸ジアンモニウム MSDS


Ammonium sulfate

硫酸ジアンモニウム 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無色の結晶又は白色の塊

定義

本品は、硫酸(*)のアンモニウム塩であり、次の化学式で表される。
参照表示名称:硫酸

溶解性

水に易溶 (70.6g/100g水, 0℃ ; 103.3g/100g, 100℃)。エタノール, アセトンに不溶。無色, ほとんど澄明 (1.0g, 水20mL)水に溶けやすく、エタノールにほとんど溶けない。

解説

化学式は(NH4)2SO4。比重1.77,融点513℃(封管中)。硫安とも。無色の結晶で,水に易溶。空気中で熱すると120℃で分解を始め357℃でアンモニアを放って融解する。代表的な窒素肥料の一つ。速効性であるが,窒素分が吸収されたあとに硫酸イオンが遊離硫酸や硫酸カルシウムとして残り土壌は酸性化するため,現在では尿素のほうが使用量が多い。硫安は原料のアンモニア供給源のちがいにより合成硫安,回収硫安,副生硫安に分けられる。合成硫安は合成アンモニアと硫酸との中和で得られるもので,最も一般的。セッコウや亜硫酸ガスを利用して合成されるものもある。回収硫安はナイロン原料のカプロラクタム製造の際の廃液などから回収されるもの。副生硫安は製鉄所などでの石炭乾留に際して副生するアンモニアを硫酸に吸収させて得られるもので,生産量は少ない。→硫安工業→関連項目酸性肥料|石灰窒素|堆肥|窒素肥料
株式会社平凡社 百科事典マイペディアについて 情報

用途

食品添加物。

用途

DNA調製時の溶解バッファー等。

用途

原子吸光分析用塩析剤。

用途

酵素精製、一般生化学研究用。

化粧品の成分用途

親水性増粘剤

効能

製剤補助

説明

Ammonium sulfate was the first nitrogenous fertilizer made by the Haber-Bosch process, produced by the reaction of ammonia with sulfuric acid. In contrast with the nitrate salt, it is chemically stable, not highly hygroscopic. It also supplies supplemental sulfur to soils that may be deficient in this element, but this is of minor value when it is used on soils receiving applications of ordinary superphosphate.
The disadvantages of the material are its relatively low nitrogen content, which increases storage and transportation costs, and its marked tendency to cause soil acidification, which is greater than that of any other nitrogen fertilizer material.

化学的特性

White crystalline powder

物理的性質

White crystalline solid; orthorhombic crystal; density 1.769 g/cm3 at 20°C; melts between 511 to 515°C (in a closed system): however, in an open system, it melts with decomposition at 280°C; readily dissolves in water (solubility, 70.6 g and 104 g per 100 g water at 0°C and 100°C, respectively); insoluble in acetone, alcohol and ether.

天然物の起源

Ammonium sulfate occurs in trace concentrations in the upper atmosphere. It is widely used as a fertilizer for rice and other crops. It is a source of sulfur for the soil. It is also used as an additive to supply nutrient nitrogen in fermentation processes (e.g., yeast production from molasses). It also is used for fireproofing timber and plastics, and in treatment of hides, and leather production.

使用

May be used for the precipitation or fractionation of proteins or for purification of antibodies. Useful for crystallographic analysis of nucleic acids and proteins.

使用

manufacture of ammonia alum; in the manufacture of H2SO4 to free it from nitrogen oxides; analytical uses; freezing mixtures, flameproofing fabrics and paper; manufacture of viscose silk; tanning, galvanizing iron; in fractionation of proteins. The commercial grade is used as fertilizer.

使用

Ammonium Sulfate is a dough conditioner, firming agent, and pro- cessing aid which is readily soluble in water with a solubility of approximately 70 g in 100 g of water at 0°c. the ph of a 0.1 molar solution in water is approximately 5.5. it is used in caramel produc- tion and as a source of nitrogen for yeast fermentation. in bakery products, up to 0.25 part per 100 parts by weight of flour is used.

定義

ammonium sulphate: A whiterhombic solid, (NH4)2SO4; r.d. 1.77;decomposes at 235°C. It is very solublein water and insoluble in ethanol.It occurs naturally as the mineralmascagnite. Ammonium sulphatewas formerly manufactured from the‘ammoniacal liquors’ produced duringcoal-gas manufacture but is nowproduced by the direct reaction betweenammonia gas and sulphuricacid. It is decomposed by heating torelease ammonia (and ammoniumhydrogensulphate) and eventuallywater, sulphur dioxide, and ammonia.Vast quantities of ammoniumsulphate are used as fertilizers.

調製方法

Ammonium sulfate is a high-tonnage industrial chemical, but frequently may be considered a byproduct as well as intended end-product of manufacture. A significant commercial source of (NH4)2SO4 is its creation as a byproduct in the manufacture of caprolactam, which yields several tons of the compound per ton of caprolactam made. Ammonium sulfate also is a byproduct of coke oven operations where the excess NH3 formed is neutralized with H2SO4 to form (NH4)2SO4. In the Meresburg reaction, natural or byproduct gypsum is reacted with ammonium carbonate: CaSO4·2H2O + (NH4)2CO3 CaCO3 + (NH4)2SO4 +2 H2O The product is stable, free-flowing crystals. As a fertilizer, (NH4)2SO4 has the advantage of adding sulfur to the soil as well as nitrogen. By weight, the compound contains 21% N and 24% S. Ammonium sulfate also is used in electric dry cell batteries, as a soldering liquid, as a fire retardant for fabrics and other products, and as a source of certain ammonium chemicals.

一般的な説明

White odorless solid. Sinks and dissolves in water.

空気と水の反応

Dissolves in water with evolution of some heat.

反応プロフィール

Ammonium sulfate is acidic in aqueous solution. When a little Ammonium sulfate is added to fused potassium nitrite, a vigorous reaction occurs attended by flame [Mellor 2:702 1946-47].

农业用途

Ammonium sulphate, (NH4)2SO4, a water-soluble crystalline salt is a nitrogenous fertilizer containing about 2 1 % nitrogen and 24 % sulphur. It occurs naturally as the mineral mascagnite and offers many advantages as a fertilizer, such as low hygroscopicity, good physical properties, excellent chemical stability, good agronomic effectiveness and long shelf life.
Ammoniacal nitrogen is fned in the soil in an exchangeable form until nitrated by nitrifying bacteria. The ammoniacal nitrogen of ammonium sulphate does not leach out easily. Ammonium sulphate is an acid forming fertilizer, and hence used in neutral or alkaline soils. In its free flowing form, it is directly applied to the soil or blended with other granular materials. Ammonium sulphate also supplies sulphur, which is an essential nutrient for plants.
Ammonium sulphate is a quick-acting fertilizer. It is resistant to leaching as it gets adsorbed on the soil colloids, clay and humus, and replaces calcium. This adsorbed ammonium salt is converted to nitrate by nitrifying bacteria for use by growing plants. Ammonium sulphate is produced in different ways, The major ones are: (i) Production from synthesized ammonia and sulphuric acid.
(ii) Production of ammonium sulphate fertilizer by the gypsum process is widely used in many developing countries. In this process, ammonia is used along with pulverized calcium sulphate, carbon dioxide and water. Here ammonia made from nitrogen and hydrogen, reacts with carbon dioxide gas to produce ammonium carbonate. Ground gypsum reacts with ammonium carbonate solution to form ammonium sulphate and calcium carbonate.
Ammonium sulphate is commonly transported in polythene or paper bags. It is adsorbed on soil colloids, clay and humus, replacing calcium. It is more beneficial than nitrate fertilizers at planting time. This adsorbed portion is slowly released and in about a month most of the ammonium sulphate is converted into the nitrate form, which is used by growing plants.
Since rice crops absorb nitrogen even in the ammoniacal form, ammonium sulphate fertilizer is used as a source of nitrogen for rice in the USA and Southeast Asia. In the USA, ammonium sulphate is also used for potato scab control.
The main disadvantages of ammonium sulphate are its acid forming nature, low nitrogen percentage (21%) and high costs for packaging, storage and transportation.

安全性プロファイル

Moderately toxic by several routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: hypermotility, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting. See also SULFATES. Incandescent reaction on heating with potassium chlorate. Reaction with sodmm hypochlorite gves the unstable explosive nitrogen trichloride. Incompatible with (K + NH4NO3), KNO2, (NaK + NH4NO3). When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx, NH3, and SOx.

純化方法

Crystallise it twice from hot water containing 0.2% EDTA to remove metal ions, then finally from distilled water. Dry it in a desiccator for 2 weeks over Mg(ClO4)2. After 3 recrystallisations, ACS grade had Ti, K, Fe, Na at 11, 4.4, 4.4, 3.2 ppm respectively.

硫酸ジアンモニウム 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


硫酸ジアンモニウム 生産企業

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7783-20-2(硫酸ジアンモニウム)キーワード:


  • 7783-20-2
  • (NH4)2 SO4
  • actamaster
  • ammoniumsulfate(2:1)
  • Wasfcaguite
  • AMMONIUM SULPHATE SOLUTION NO 2
  • AMMONIUM SULPHATE TECHNOLOGY
  • AMONIUM SHLPHATE, TECH
  • AMMNIUM SULPHATE
  • AMMONIUM SULPHAT
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE SIGMAULTRA
  • AMMONIUM-14N SULFATE, 15N-DEPLETED, 99.9 9 ATOM % 14N, 40 WT. % SOLUTION IN WATER
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE PURE
  • AMMONIUM-14N SULFATE, 15N-DEPLETED, 99 A TOM % 14N
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE, REAGENTPLUS, 99.99+%
  • SULFUR ICP STANDARD SOLUTION FLUKA
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE, 99+%, A.C.S. REAGENT
  • Ammonium sulfate 1 M Solution
  • AMMONIUM-14N SULFATE, 99.99 ATOM % 14N, 40 WT. % SOLUTION IN WATER
  • AMMONIA STANDARD SOLUTION
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE ACS REAGENT
  • SULFUR ATOMIC ABSORPTION STANDARD SOLUTI ON (H2O)
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE REAGENT, ~10% IN
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE SOLUTION, 4.1 M
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE TECHNICAL
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE PLANT CELL CULTURETESTE D
  • Ammonium sulfate, 99.999% metals basis
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE, ACS
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE SOLUTION 3.2M IN WATER
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE R. G., REAG. ACS, REAG. ISO, REAG. PH.
  • AMMONIUM SULFATE EXTRA PURE
  • 硫酸二アンモニウム
  • 硫酸ジアンモニウム
  • リアス
  • ドラミン
  • 硫酸アンモニウム
  • 硫安
  • コールトロールLPA-40
  • 0.05MOL/L(N/10) 硫酸アンモニウム溶液
  • アンモニア標準液 0.01MG NH4/ML(10PPM)
  • アンモニア標準液 0.1PPM NH4
  • アンモニア標準液 1MG NH4/ML
  • アンモニア標準液 1PPM NH4
  • アンモニア標準液 50PPM NH4
  • 硫酸アンモニウム ACS REAGENT,≥99.0%
  • 硫酸アンモニウム PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,≥99%
  • 硫酸アンモニウム PURUM P.A.,≥99.0% (T)
  • 硫酸アンモニウム TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS,≥99.9999% (METALS BASIS)
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