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염화 제II구리

염화 제II구리
염화 제II구리 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7447-39-4
한글명:
염화 제II구리
동의어(한글):
염화제II구리;질산구리;질산동;질산제2동;구리(II)질산;쿠마로일트라이펩타이드-1;큐프릭클로라이드;염화제II구리
상품명:
Cupric chloride
동의어(영문):
CuCl2;Coclor;dichlorocopper;COPPER CHLORIDE;CUPRIC CHLORIDE;Cupperdichloride;copperbichloride;copperdichloride;cupricdichloride;Copper bichloride
CBNumber:
CB1144723
분자식:
Cl2Cu
포뮬러 무게:
134.45
MOL 파일:
7447-39-4.mol

염화 제II구리 속성

녹는점
620 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
993°C/760mmHg
밀도
3.386 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
H2O: soluble
물리적 상태
powder
색상
Yellow-brown
Specific Gravity
3.386
수소이온지수(pH)
3.5 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
수용성
620 g/L (20 ºC)
감도
Air Sensitive & Hygroscopic
Merck
14,2633
안정성
Stable. Reacts violently with potassium and sodium. Contact with acetylene may form explosive acetylides. Hygroscopic.
CAS 데이터베이스
7447-39-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Copper chloride(7447-39-4)
EPA
Copper chloride (CuCl2)(7447-39-4)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 N,T,Xn,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 52/53-50/53-36/37/38-25-22-51/53-41-23/24/25-50-36-21/22-38
안전지침서 61-57-45-37/39-29-26-60-36-44-36/37/39-28-39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3264 8/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 GL7000000
F 고인화성물질 3
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
HS 번호 28274990
유해 물질 데이터 7447-39-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 584 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H290 금속을 부식시킬 수 있음 금속 부식성물질 구분 1 경고 P234, P390, P404
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

염화 제II구리 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Cupric chloride, CuCI2, also known as copper chloride, is a yellowish- brown solid that is soluble in water and alcohol. The dihydrate of cupric chloride, CUCI2·H20, is a green crystalline solid that is soluble in water. Cupric chloride is used in the textile industry as a mordant in the dyeing and printing of fabrics. Itis also used in refining gold,silver,and copper.

화학적 성질

Copper chloride is a brownish-yellow powder.

용도

Supplement (trace mineral).

정의

ChEBI: An inorganic chloride of copper in which the metal is in the +2 oxidation state.

일반 설명

Cupric chloride and ammonia contains various concentrations of cupric chloride in ammonium hydroxide. This forms a copper ammonia complex. Cupric chloride is corrosive to skin, eyes, mucous membranes and metal. Cupric chloride is used to etch copper from printed circuit boards.

반응 프로필

CUPRIC CHLORIDE has weak oxidizing or reducing powers. Redox reactions can however still occur. The majority of compounds in this class are slightly soluble or insoluble in water. If soluble in water, then the solutions are usually neither strongly acidic nor strongly basic. These compounds are not water-reactive.

건강위험

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

화재위험

Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous and intraperitoneal routes. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. See also COPPER COMPOUNDS and CHLORIDES. Can react violently with K and Na. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-.

운송 방법

UN2802 Copper chloride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the chloride from hot dilute aqueous HCl (0.6mL/g) by cooling in a CaCl2-ice bath. It is dehydrated by heating on a steambath under vacuum. It is deliquescent in moist air but efflorescent in dry air. The dihydrate is emerald green but blue when free from solvent. Concentrated solutions are yellow-green in colour but are blue when free from solvent. Concentrated solutions are yellow-green and become yellow on adding conc HCl. A very dilute solution is pure blue due to Cu(H2O)42+ [Donan & Bassett J Chem Soc 81 939 1902.]. CuCl2 is very deliquescent and is soluble in MeOH or EtOH to give green crystals of Cu(ROH)2Cl2. [Glemser & Sauer in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol II p 1008 1965.]

비 호환성

Contact with strong acids forms monovalent copper salts and toxic hydrogen chloride gas. Forms shock-sensitive and explosive compounds with potassium, sodium, sodium hypobromite, nitromethane, acetylene. Keep away from moisture and alkali metals. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture. Reacts with moist air to form cupric chloride dihydrate. May attack some metals, paints, and coatings. May be able to ignite combustible materials.

염화 제II구리 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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