ChemicalBook
Chinese English Japanese Germany Korea

셀레늄

셀레늄
셀레늄 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7782-49-2
한글명:
셀레늄
동의어(한글):
셀레늄;셀렌;셀렌원소;셀렌금속;셀레늄및그화합물(셀레늄아스파테이트는제외);콜로이달셀레늄
상품명:
Selenium
동의어(영문):
Se;Selen;VANDEX;ci77805;SELENIUM;Selenate;SE000500;c.i.77805;Selenium2;C.I. 77805
CBNumber:
CB1183849
분자식:
Se
포뮬러 무게:
78.96
MOL 파일:
7782-49-2.mol

셀레늄 속성

녹는점
217 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
684.9 °C(lit.)
밀도
4.81 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기압
<1 Pa (20 °C)
저장 조건
Storage temperature: no restrictions.
용해도
H2O: soluble
물리적 상태
powder
색상
White to creamy white
Specific Gravity
4.81
비저항
1.2 μΩ-cm, 0°C
수용성
Insoluble
Merck
13,8505
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 0.2 mg(Se)/m3 (ACGIH, MSHA, and OSHA); IDLH 100 mg/m3.
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with strong acids, strong oxidizing agents and most common metals. Combustible.
InChIKey
SPVXKVOXSXTJOY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
7782-49-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Selenium atom(7782-49-2)
EPA
Selenium (7782-49-2)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/38-53-33-23/25
안전지침서 26-61-45-28-20/21-28A
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3440 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 VS7700000
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 9
포장분류 III
HS 번호 28049090
유해 물질 데이터 7782-49-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 6700 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H413 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해의 우려가 있음 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 4
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

셀레늄 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

dark grey to dark red powder or crystals

화학적 성질

Jewelers most frequently encounter selenium in the form of brass-black and gun-bluing compounds. Selenium print toner used by photographers is sometimes used by jewelers as a metal-coloring solution. These coloring mixtures usually contain selenic acid. Selenic acid can release hydrogen selenide gas that can cause illness, and used daily, it might enlarge the liver and spleen. Tellurium is sometimes used in association with selenium.

화학적 성질

Selenium exists in three forms: a red amor- phous powder, a gray form, and red crystals. Occurs as an impurity in most sulfide ores. Selenium, along with tellu- rium, is found in the sludges and sediments from electro- lytic copper refining. It may also be recovered in flue dust from burning pyrites in sulfuric acid manufacture.

물리적 성질

Selenium is a soft metalloid or semimetal that is similar to tellurium, located just belowit in the oxygen group, and sulfur, which is just above it in the same group. Selenium hasseveral allotropic forms that range from a gray metallic appearance to a red glassy appearance.These allotropic forms also have different properties of heat, conductivity, and density. In itsamorphous state, it is a red powder that turns black and becomes crystalline when heated.Crystalline selenium has a melting point of 220°C, a boiling point of 685°C, and a densityof 4.809 g/cm3.

Isotopes

There are a total of 35 isotopes of selenium. Five of these are stable, anda sixth isotope has such a long half-life that it is also considered stable: Se-82 =0.83×10+20 years. This sixth isotope constitutes 8.73% of selenium’s abundance in theEarth’s crust, and the other five stable isotopes make up the rest of selenium’s abundanceon Earth.

Origin of Name

Named for the Greek word selene, meaning “moon.” Jons Jacob Berzelius (1779–1848) discovered selenium and named it after the mineral called “eucairite,” which in Greek means “just in time.”

출처

Selenium is the 67th most abundant element in Earth’s crust. It is widely spread over theEarth, but does not exist in large quantities. As a free element it is often found with the elementsulfur.
There is only one mineral ore that contains selenium: eucairite (CuAgSe). Although rich inselenium, it is too scarce to be of commercial use. Almost all selenium is recovered from theprocessing of copper and the manufacturing of sulfuric acid as a leftover sludge by-product.This makes selenium’s recovery profitable. Recovering it from eucairite is not profitable.
Selenium is found in Mexico, Bosnia, Japan, and Canada. It can be found in recoverablequantities in some soils in many countries.

Characteristics

Crystalline selenium is a p-type semiconductor. It acts as a rectifier that can change electriccurrent from alternating current (AC) to direct current (to DC). It has photovoltaic proper ties, meaning it is able to convert light (radiant) energy that strikes it into electrical energy.Selenium’s resistance to the flow of electricity is influenced by the amount of light shining onit. The brighter the light, the better the electrical conductivity.
Selenium burns with a blue flame that produces selenium dioxide (SeO2). Selenium willreact with most metals as well as with nonmetals, including the elements in the halogen group17.

역사

Discovered by Berzelius in 1817, who found it associated with tellurium, named for the Earth. Selenium is found in a few rare minerals, such as crooksite and clausthalite. In years past it has been obtained from flue dusts remaining from processing copper sulfide ores, but the anode muds from electrolytic copper refineries now provide the source of most of the world’s selenium. Selenium is recovered by roasting the muds with soda or sulfuric acid, or by smelting them with soda and niter. Selenium exists in several allotropic forms. Three are generally recognized, but as many as six have been claimed. Selenium can be prepared with either an amorphous or crystalline structure. The color of amorphous selenium is either red, in powder form, or black, in vitreous form. Crystalline monoclinic selenium is a deep red; crystalline hexagonal selenium, the most stable variety, is a metallic gray. Natural selenium contains six stable isotopes. Twentynine other isotopes and isomers have been characterized. The element is a member of the sulfur family and resembles sulfur both in its various forms and in its compounds. Selenium exhibits both photovoltaic action, where light is converted directly into electricity, and photoconductive action, where the electrical resistance decreases with increased illumination. These properties make selenium useful in the production of photocells and exposure meters for photographic use, as well as solar cells. Selenium is also able to convert a.c. electricity to d.c., and is extensively used in rectifiers. Below its melting point, selenium is a p-type semiconductor and is finding many uses in electronic and solid-state applications. It is used in xerography for reproducing and copying documents, letters, etc., but recently its use in this application has been decreasing in favor of certain organic compounds. It is used by the glass industry to decolorize glass and to make rubycolored glasses and enamels. It is also used as a photographic toner, and as an additive to stainless steel. Elemental selenium has been said to be practically nontoxic and is considered to be an essential trace element; however, hydrogen selenide and other selenium compounds are extremely toxic, and resemble arsenic in their physiological reactions. Hydrogen selenide in a concentration of 1.5 ppm is intolerable to man. Selenium occurs in some soils in amounts sufficient to produce serious effects on animals feeding on plants, such as locoweed, grown in such soils. Selenium (99.5%) is priced at about $250/kg. It is also available in high-purity form at a cost of about $350/kg (99.999%).

용도

selenium is a trace mineral used for years in topical preparations for its anti-fungal properties. Selenium has been shown to have other protective effects such as repairing DnA, reducing the DnA-binding of carcinogens, and suppressing gene mutations. In laboratory studies, skin lotions containing selenium compounds have been shown to decrease uV-induced skin damage such as inflammation, blistering, and pigmentation.

용도

Selenium is used in the manufacture of colored glass, in photocells, in semiconductors,as a rectifier in radio and television sets, andas a vulcanizing agent in the manufacture ofrubber.
Klaus Schwartz in 1957 discovered thattrace amounts of selenium in the feed protectedvitamin E-deficient rats from dietaryliver necrosis. Soon, thereafter, several animaland epidemiology studies showed thatits presence in the diet could provide protectiveaction in humans against several degenerativediseases including cirrhosis, cancer,diabetes and Keshan disease, a juvenile cardiomyopathy.The range between its beneficialand toxic character, however, is veryclose and, therefore, the daily dietary intakeshould be appropriately monitored (Naverro-Alarcon and Lopez-Martinez 2000). Thereis no accurate estimate of human requirementsof dietary selenium. Extrapolation ofanimal data to humans suggest an averagedaily requirement in the range 50 to 200 μg.Longnecker et al. (1991) observed no evidenceof adverse effects from selenium inhuman health at a daily intake level as highas 724 μg.
.

용도

The photosensitive nature of selenium makes it useful in devices that respond to theintensity of light, such as photocells, light meters for cameras, xerography, and electric “eyes.”Selenium also has the ability to produce electricity directly from sunlight, making it ideal foruse in solar cells. Selenium possesses semiconductor properties that make it useful in the electronicsindustry, where it is a component in some types of solid-state electronics and rectifiers.It is also used in the production of ruby-red glass and enamels and as an additive to improvethe quality of steel and copper. Additionally, it is a catalyst (to speed up chemical reactions)in the manufacture of rubber.
Selenium is an essential trace element for both plants and animals, and it is a diet supplementin animal feed as well as for humans.

생산 방법

Selenium (Se), a nonmetallic element of the sulfur group, is widely distributed in nature. It is obtained along with tellurium as a by-product of metal ore refining, chiefly from copper deposits. About 16 ton is mined a year globally. The global refinery production of selenium, excluding the U.S. production, increased from about 1,400 metric ton in 2000 to about 1510 metric ton in 2008 and 1500 in 2009.
Because selenium is present in fossil fuels, up to 90% of the selenium content in ambient air is emitted during their combustion. Air pollution concentrations averaged from 0.38 ng/m3 in remote areas to 13 ng/m3 in urban areas. The mass medium particle diameter was 0.92 mm. The worldwide emissions of 10,000 tons/year from natural sources exceed the atmospheric emissions from anthropogenic sources (5100 ton). However, 41,000 tons is emitted into the aquatic ecosystems. The largest contributors are electric power generating plants that produce 18,000 ton; manufacturing processes account for 12,000 ton.
Most of the world’s selenium today is provided by recovery from anode muds of electrolytic copper refineries. Selenium is recovered by roasting these muds with soda or sulfuric acid or by melting them with a soda and niter.

정의

A metalloid element existing in several allotropic forms and belonging to group 16 of the periodic table. It occurs in minute quantities in sulfide ores and industrial sludges. The common gray metallic allotrope is very light-sensitive and is used in photocells, solar cells, some glasses, and in xerography. The red allotrope is unstable and reverts to the gray form under normal conditions. Symbol: Se; m.p. 217°C (gray); b.p. 684.9°C (gray); r.d. 4.79 (gray); p.n. 34; r.a.m. 78.96.

정의

selenium: Symbol Se. A metalloidelement belonging to group 16 (formerlyVIB) of the periodic table; a.n.34; r.a.m. 78.96; r.d. 4.81 (grey); m.p.217°C (grey); b.p. 684.9°C. There are anumber of allotropic forms, includinggrey, red, and black selenium. Itoccurs in sulphide ores of other metalsand is obtained as a by-product(e.g. from the anode sludge in electrolyticrefining). The element is asemiconductor; the grey allotrope islight-sensitive and is used in photocells,xerography, and similar applications.Chemically, it resemblessulphur, and forms compounds withselenium in the +2, +4, and +6 oxidation states. Selenium was discoveredin 1817 by J?ns Berzelius.

일반 설명

Selenium is a reddish colored powder that may become black upon exposure to air. Selenium is toxic by ingestion. Selenium is used to manufacture electronic components and rubber.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

SELENIUM, silicon, or sulfur ignites in fluorine gas at ordinary temperatures [Mellor 2:11-13 1946-47]. A mixture of barium carbide and selenium heated to 150° C becomes incandescence [Mellor 5:862 1946-47]. Calcium carbide and selenium vapor react with incandescence [Mellor 5:862 1946-47]. A moist mixture of selenium and chlorates, except the alkali chlorates, becomes incandescent. Selenium reacts violently with chromium trioxide [Mellor 11:233 1946-47]. Reaction of selenium and silver bromate (also potassium bromate) is violently explosive [Mellor 2, Supp1:763 1956]. Freshly reduced selenium reacts vigorously with nitric acid. Trace amounts of organic matter probably influenced the reaction [J. Chem. Soc. 1938 p.391]. The reaction between zinc and selenium or tellurium is accompanied by incandescence [Mellor 4:476-480 1946-47].

위험도

The fumes and gases of most selenium compounds are very toxic when inhaled. SeO2 andSeS2 are toxic if ingested and very irritating to the skin. They are also carcinogenic.
Although some compounds of selenium are poisonous, as an element it is essential in traceamounts for humans. It is recommended that 1.1 to 5 milligrams of selenium be included inthe daily diet. This amount can be maintained by eating seafood, egg yokes, chicken, milk,and whole grain cereals. Selenium assists vitamin E in preventing the breakdown of cells andsome chemicals in the human body.

건강위험

Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

건강위험

Exposures to selenium cause adverse health effects. selenium dioxide is a by-product of copper and nickel melting, or of heating alloys containing selenium. The dusts are very irritating to the mucous membranes and the lungs. Contact can cause dermatitis.

건강위험

The toxicity of selenium and its compoundsvaries substantially. Sodium seleniteis highly toxic; many sulfur compoundsof selenium are much less toxic. The targetorgans are the respiratory tract, liver,kidneys, blood, skin, and eyes. The sign ofacute poisoning is a garlic-like odor in thebreath and sweat. The other symptoms areheadache, fever, chill, sore throat, and bronchitis.Chronic intoxication can cause loss ofhair, teeth, and nails, depression, nervousness,giddiness, GI disturbances dermititis,blurred vision, and a metallic taste. Althoughinhalation toxicity is severe in test animals,oral toxicity is of low order. Chronic exposurecould cause a disease known as selenosis,characterized by a variety of neurologicalabnormalities. The LD50 values for seleniumcompounds vary with the compounds.
Matoba et al. (1986) reported a case offatal suicidal ingestion of “Super Blue”containing 4% selenious acid. Autopsy examinationshowed highest levels of Se in thelung, kidney and stomach of the patient.Death resulted from pulmonary edema, necrosisof proximal tubules and congestion of thekidney.
Paul and coworkers (1989) have investigatedthe antidotal actions of several compoundson the acute toxicity of seleniumin rats. Male Wistar rats were injectedsodium [75Se]selenite subcutaneously inthis study. Intraperitoneal administration ofdiethyldithiocarbamate or treatment withcitrate salt of bismuth, antimony, orgermanium, administered subcutaneously,reduced selenium-induced loss of bodyweight in the animals. Germanium citrateand bis(carboxyethyl)germanium sesquioxidepromoted increases in the 24-hour urinaryexcretion of selenium when administered 15minutes after sodium selenite.
The chemical species of selenium causingits toxic actions and the molecular target,however, are not well established. Guptaand Porter (2002) attributed selenite as thepotent inhibitor of the enzyme squalenemonooxygenase in cholesterol biosynthesis.Such inhibition by selenite, as well as,methylselenol was slow and irreversibleon purified recombinant human squalenemonooxygenase thus indicating a covalentbinding to the enzyme. Their study alsoshowed that presence of dithiol enhancedthe inhibition by selenite, suggesting theformation of a more toxic species, possiblyselenide. High doses of selenite werefound to cause cytotoxicity inducing 8-hydroxydeoxy-guanosine in DNA of primaryhuman keratinocytes (Li Shen et al. 2001).These authors investigated the interaction ofselenite and selenomethionine, the commondietary selenium antioxidants (to reduceoxidative stress) with other antioxidantsin DNA damage. Synergistic effects wereobserved between selenite and trolox (awater-soluble Vitamin E). On the other handCuSo4 played a protective role in seleniteinducedcytotoxicity, DNA oxidative damage and apoptosis. Haratake et al. (2005) studiedthe reaction of glutathione selenotrisulfide,an important intermediate in the metabolismof selenite with human hemoglobin. Thestudy showed that selenotrisulfide reactedrapidly with hemoglobin under physiologicalconditions.
.

화재위험

Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways. Substance may be transported in a molten form.

농업용

Selenium (Se) is a metalloid element belonging to Group 16 (formerly VIB) of the Periodic Table. It is an essential ingredient in the forage for animals to prevent muscular dystrophy or white muscle disease which weakens the heart of cattle and sheep.
However, selenium is not essential for plants, and its uptake by plants varies. Certain species of Astrugals absorb more selenium than others because of a special amino acid in them. Plants like mustard, cabbage and onions absorb moderate amounts of selenium. This absorbed selenium accumulates in the tissues of these plants, and no treatment can remove it. The excess soil selenium content can be corrected by the addition of barium chloride or calcium sulphate, which may form insoluble selenate.
Chemically, selenium resembles sulphur. Its total concentration in most soils is between 0.1 and 0.3 ppm as selenides, elemental selenium, selenites, selenates and organic selenium compounds. The selenium uptake is the highest in basic soil and the lowest in neutral soil.
There has been some concern about the increased selenium deficiencies in cattle due to a negative effect of sulphate on the selenate ion uptake by crops. Such livestock disorders are severe after a wet summer. This is due to a lowered soil redox potential, converting selinium into forms unavailable for plant uptake. This is also pronounced in soils with increased nitrate deposition which converts the selenate and selenite into elemental selenium or its gaseous form. On the other hand, winter forage is seen to contain higher amounts of selenium.
Phosphate rocks and superphosphates containing 20 ppm or more of selenium may be sufficient for plants to protect the livestock from being deficient in selenium.
Fertilization programs to produce selenium-adequate forage, specifically suited to grazing animals, are a subject of continuing interest. Fertilization with selenites is preferred to other easily available selenates in view of the former's slow-acting nature. Fertilization with selenites is preferred also because they produce a lesser level of selenium in plants than selenates do. Selenium of roughly 75 g/ha for forages and 15 g/ha for foliar application is satisfactory.

Biotechnological Applications

Selenium is a component of a number of proteins. Selenium can exist as an anion at biological pH, which makes it able to both give and accept electrons. The best understood physiological functions of selenium are two enzyme functions. One of these functions is done as part of a family of proteins named glutathione peroxidase (one is found inside of cells, another is outside cells in places like the plasma).
Glutathione peroxidase is part of the body's antioxidant defense network by eliminating peroxides, including hydrogen peroxide, which can be both precursors and products of free radicals. Selenium also functions in an enzyme that is part thyroid hormone synthesis. A more recently discovered selenium enzyme is known as thioredoxin reductase, which seems to have a number of regulatory roles within cells, and seems to affect antioxidant defense by inßuencing electron ßow in some reactions. One interesting point about this enzyme is that in rats, the enzyme activities can be increased by elevating selenium intake above those normally considered adequate.

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous route. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Se. See also SELENIUM and SELENIUM COMPOUNDS

잠재적 노출

Most of the selenium produced is used in the manufacture of selenium rectifiers. It is also utilized as a pigment for ruby glass, paints, and dyes; as a vulcaniz- ing agent for rubber; a decolorizing agent for green glass; a chemical catalyst in the Kjeldahl test; as an insecticide; in the manufacture of electrodes, selenium photocells, sele- nium cells, and semiconductor fusion mixtures; in photo- graphic toning bathes; and for dehydrogenation of organic compounds. It is also used in veterinary medicine and in antidandruff shampoos. Se is used in radioactive scanning for the pancreas and for photostatic and X-ray xerography. It may be alloyed with stainless steel; copper, and cast steel. Selenium is a contaminant in most sulfide ores of copper, gold, nickel, and silver; and exposure may occur while removing selenium from these ores.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Depending on the actual product and species, vitamin E/selenium is indicated for the treatment or prophylaxis of selenium-tocopherol deficiency (STD) syndromes in ewes and lambs (white muscle disease), sows, weanling and baby pigs (hepatic necrosis, mulberry heart disease, white muscle disease), calves and breeding cows (white muscle disease), and horses (myositis associated with STD).
Vitamin E may be useful as adjunctive treatment of discoid lupus erythematosus, canine demodicosis, and acanthosis nigricans in dogs. It may also be of benefit in the adjunctive treatment of hepatic fibrosis or adjunctive therapy of copper-associated hepatopathy in dogs.

운송 방법

UN3283 Selenium compound, solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous material, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Dissolve selenium in small portions in hot conc HNO3 (2mL/g), filter and evaporate to dryness to give selenious acid which is then dissolved in conc HCl. Pass SO2 gas through the solution whereby selenium (but not tellurium) precipitates. It is filtered off and washed with conc HCl. This purification process is repeated. The selenium is then converted twice to the selenocyanate by treating with a 10% excess of 3M aqueous KCN (CARE), heated for half an hour on a sand-bath and filtered. Add an equal weight of crushed ice to the cold solution, followed by an excess of cold, conc HCl, with stirring (in an efficient fume cupboard as HCN is evolved) which precipitates selenium powder. This is washed with water until colourless, and then with MeOH and is heated in an oven at 105o. Finally it is fused for 2hours in vacuo. It is cooled, crushed and stored in a desiccator [Tideswell & McCullough J Am Chem Soc 78 3036 1956].

비 호환성

Reacts violently with strong acids and strong oxidizers, chromium trioxide; potassium bromate;cadmium. Reacts with incandescence on gentle heating with phosphorous and metals, such as nickel, zinc, sodium, potassium, platinum. Reacts with water @ 50 ? C forming flammable hydrogen and selenious acids.

폐기물 처리

Powdered selenium: dispose in a chemical waste landfill. When possible, recover selenium and return to suppliers

주의 사항

During use and handling of selenium, occupational workers should be careful to avoid contact with the skin. Selenium compounds are considered very damaging to the liver, and hazardous.

셀레늄 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


셀레늄 공급 업체

글로벌( 205)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22631 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 30057 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23978 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6372 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 sales@guangaobio.com CHINA 23048 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
+86-13650506873
sales@chemdad.com CHINA 35438 58
Mainchem Co., Ltd. +86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sale@mainchem.com CHINA 32445 55
Changsha Halin Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. 18229709969,13787155389
0731-85148229 liubaishuai@163.com China 4 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 24984 65
Wuhan eastop Technology Co., ltd.6 18086641195 027-87382885-
027-87382885 service@isotopechina.com China 37 58

셀레늄 관련 검색:

Copyright 2019 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved