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질산구리(II)

질산구리(II)
질산구리(II) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
3251-23-8
한글명:
질산구리(II)
동의어(한글):
질산구리(II);질산동;구리질산(3수화물);구리디질산(3수화물);게르하디트;질산구리(3수화물);질산동(3;질산구리;구리 질산염;이질산 구리;질산 구리;질산 구리 (Cu(NO3)2);질산 구리(2+);질산 구리(II);질산, 구리 염;질산, 구리(2+) 염;질산, 구리(2+) 염 (2:1)
상품명:
Copper dinitrate
동의어(영문):
claycop;CU(NO3)2;COPPER NITRATE;Cupric nitrate;cupricdinitrate;Copper dinitrate;copper(2+)nitrate;Kupfer(II)-nitrat;Copperbis(nitrate);COPPER (II) NITRATE
CBNumber:
CB1219900
분자식:
CuN2O6
포뮬러 무게:
187.56
MOL 파일:
3251-23-8.mol

질산구리(II) 속성

녹는점
115°C
밀도
1.00 g/mL at 20 °C
물리적 상태
blue-green orthorhombic crystals
수용성
Soluble
Merck
13,2671
안정성
Stable. Oxidant. Incompatible with combustible materials.
CAS 데이터베이스
3251-23-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Cupric nitrate (3251-23-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 O,C,Xi,N,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 8-20/21/22-34-22-36/38-20-45-51/53-41-38-50/53-37/38-52/53
안전지침서 53-17-26-36/37/39-45-36-61-39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3085 5.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
위험 등급 5.1
포장분류 II
유해 물질 데이터 3251-23-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-08929
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H272 화재를 강렬하게 함; 산화제 산화성 액체;산화성 고체 구분 2
구분 3
위험
경고
P210, P220, P221P280, P370+P378,P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P220 의류 그리고 가연성 물질로부터 멀리하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
0
1 0

질산구리(II) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

용도

살충제,매염제,분석시약,페인트,촉매.

화학적 성질

Cupric nitrate is a Blue crystalline solid.

용도

Light-sensitive papers; analytical reagent; mordant in textile dyeing; nitrating agent; insecticide for vines; coloring copper black; electroplating; production of burnished effect on iron; paints; varnishes, enamels; pharmaceutical preparations; catalyst.

정의

ChEBI: An inorganic nitrate salt having copper(2+) as the couterion.

일반 설명

Obtained as a trihydrate and as a hexahydrate. Both are blue crystalline solids. Used in medicine, as an insecticide, in chemical analysis, in making light sensitive papers. Toxic oxides of nitrogen are produced in fires involving Copper dinitrate.

공기와 물의 반응

Deliquescent. Water soluble.

반응 프로필

Mixtures of Copper dinitrate with alkyl esters may explode, owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick, 1979 p. 108-109]. A finely divided mixture of potassium ferrocyanide and Copper dinitrate exploded when dried at 220°C [Chem. Abst. 77:1343 (1972)]. Noncombustible, but Copper dinitrate will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities of the material are involved in a fire or the material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion.

위험도

Oxidizer, causes violent combustion or explosion with organic materials.

건강위험

Inhalation causes irritation of throat and lungs. Ingestion of large amounts causes violent vomiting and purging, intense pain, collapse, coma, convulsions, and paralysis. Solutions irritate eyes; contact with solid causes severe eye surface injury and skin irritation.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe eye and skin irritant. Potentially explosive reaction above 22OOC with ammonium or potassium hexacyanoferrate(I1). Reaction with ammonia + potassium amide gives explosive product. Violent reaction with acetic anhydride. May ignite on prolonged contact with paper. Concentrated solutions may ipte in contact with tin or aluminum foil. Used as a fungicide, herbicide, and as a catalyst component in solid rocket fuel. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also COPPER COMPOUNDS and NITRATES.

잠재적 노출

Cupric nitrate is used as an insecticide, in paint, varnish, enamel, and in wood preservatives. Metal compounds are often used in “hot” operations in the work-place. These may include, but are not limited to, welding, brazing, soldering, plating, cutting, and metallizing. At the high temperatures reached in these operations, metals often form metal fumes which have different health effects and exposure standards than the original metal compound and require specialized controls.

운송 방법

UN1479 Oxidizing solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from weak aqueous HNO3 (0.5mL/g) by cooling from room temperature. The anhydrous salt can be prepared by dissolving copper metal in a 1:1 mixture of liquid NO2 and ethyl acetate and purified by sublimation [Evans et al. J Chem Soc, Faraday Trans 1 75 1023 1979]. The hexahydrate dehydrates to the trihydrate at 26o, and the anhydrous salt sublimes between 150 and 225o, but melts at 255-256o and is deliquescent.

비 호환성

A strong oxidizer. Aqueous solution is acidic; incompatible with bases. Violent reaction with potassium hexacyanoferrate; ammonia and potassium amide mixtures; acetic anhydrides, cyanides, ethers. Forms explosive materials with nitromethanes, sodium hypobromite; acetylene; chemically active metals, such as potassium, sodium, etc. May ignite on contact with aluminum foil or tin. Risk of spontaneous combustion with combustibles (wood, cloth, etc.) organics, or reducing agents and readily oxidizable materials. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture.

폐기물 처리

Copper-containing soluble wastes can be concentrated through the use of ion exchange, reverse osmosis, or evaporators to the point where copper can be electrolytically removed and sent to a reclaiming firm. If recovery is not feasible, the copper can be precipitated through the use of caustics and the sludge deposited in a chemical waste landfill. Add slowly to water; stir in excess soda ash. Let stand, then neutralize. Decant solution and flush to sewer; landfill sludge

질산구리(II) 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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