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아데닌

아데닌
아데닌 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
73-24-5
한글명:
아데닌
동의어(한글):
6-아미노푸린;아데닌
상품명:
Adenine
동의어(영문):
ANE;Ade;Adenin;Leuco-4;ADENINE;usafcb-18;Crytidine;adensoine;USAF CB-18;Vitamin B4
CBNumber:
CB1323708
분자식:
C5H5N5
포뮬러 무게:
135.13
MOL 파일:
73-24-5.mol

아데닌 속성

녹는점
>360 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
238.81°C (rough estimate)
밀도
1.3795 (rough estimate)
굴절률
1.7000 (estimate)
인화점
220°C
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
0.5 M HCl: soluble20mg/mL, Grade III, colorless to faint yellow or tan
물리적 상태
Liquid or Solid
산도 계수 (pKa)
4.12(at 25℃)
색상
Clear colorless to light yellow
냄새
Odorless
pH 범위
7
수용성
0.5 g/L (20 ºC)
승화점
220 ºC
Merck
14,152
BRN
5777
안정성
Stable. Moisture-sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
GFFGJBXGBJISGV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
73-24-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Adenine(73-24-5)
EPA
Adenine (73-24-5)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-20/21/22
안전지침서 26-36
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 AU6125000
F 고인화성물질 8-10-23
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29335990
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 745 mg/kg (Philips)
기존화학 물질 KE-29916
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
예방조치문구:
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P321 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
1
2 0

아데닌 MSDS


6-Aminopurine

아데닌 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

찬물에는 잘 녹지 않으며 양쪽성 물질로 산과 염기 모두에 잘 녹는다. 염산을 가하여 180~200 °C로 가열하면 분해된다. 아질산과 작용하면 하이포잔틴이 되고, 산화되면 요소를 생성한다. 산 또는 염기와 반응하여 생성된 염을 이용하여 정제할 수 있다.

개요

adenine is one of the purine nitrogenous bases that composes DNA and RNA; composed of two carbon–nitrogen rings. Adenine bonds with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA (see base pairing rule); it is also a major component of other molecules such as adenosine triphosphate.

화학적 성질

White to almost white crystalline powder

화학적 성질

Adenine is a prominent member of the family of naturally occurring purines. Adenine occurs not only in ribonucleic acids (RNA), and deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA), but in nucleosides, such as adenosine, and nucleotides, such as adenylic acid, which may be linked with enzymatic functions quite apart from nucleic acids. Adenine, in the form of its ribonucleotide, is produced in mammals and fowls endogenously from smaller molecules and no nutritional essentiality is ascribed to it. In the nucleosides, nucleotides, and nucleic acids, the attachment or the sugar moiety is at position 9.
The purines and pyrimidines absorb ultraviolet light readily, with absorption peaks at characteristic frequencies. This has aided in their identification and quantitative determination.

물리적 성질

Adenine is a white crystalline substance that is an important biological compound found in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP). It was once commonly referred to as vitamin B4 but is no longer considered a vitamin. Adenine is derived from purine. Purine is a heterocyclic compound.

역사

Adenine is one of the two purines found in DNA and RNA. The other is guanine. Adenine and guanine are called bases in reference to DNA and RNA. A nucleic acid base attached to ribose forms a ribonucleoside. Adenine combined with ribose produces the nucleoside adenosine.

용도

local antiseptic

용도

Vitamin B4

용도

Widespread throughout animal and plant tissues combined with niacinamide, d-ribose, and phosphoric acids; a constituent of nucleic acids and coenzymes, such as codehydrase I and II, adenylic acid, coa laninedehydrase. It is used in microbial determination of niacin; in research on heredity, virus diseases, and cancer.

용도

enteric coating

용도

A purine nucleobase and a component of DNA

정의

A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It is also a constituent of certain coenzymes and when combined with the sugar ribose it forms the nucleoside adenosine found in AMP, ADP, and ATP. Adenine has a purine ring structure.

정의

adenine: A purine derivative. It isone of the major component bases ofnucleotides and the nucleic acidsDNA and RNA.

정의

ChEBI: The parent compound of the 6-aminopurines, composed of a purine having an amino group at C-6.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 88, p. 3829, 1966 DOI: 10.1021/ja00968a028

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx,.

Purification Methods

Crystallise adenine from distilled water. [Beilstein 26 III/IV 3561.]

아데닌 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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