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1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판

1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판
1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
96-12-8
한글명:
1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판
동의어(한글):
1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판;1,2-다이브로모-3-클로로프로페인
상품명:
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
동의어(영문):
DBCP;bbcp;bbc12;BBC 12;os1897;NEMAFU;sd1897;DBCP(R);Fumagon;Nemagon
CBNumber:
CB1728552
분자식:
C3H5Br2Cl
포뮬러 무게:
236.33
MOL 파일:
96-12-8.mol

1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판 속성

녹는점
6°C
끓는 점
195°C
밀도
2.05
증기압
0.8 at 21 °C (quoted, Verschueren, 1983)
굴절률
n/D 1.5542
인화점
77 °C
저장 조건
Refrigerator
용해도
Miscible with oils, dichloropropane, and isopropanol (Windholz et al., 1983)
물리적 상태
Dense Liquid
수용성
0.123 g/100 mL
Merck
14,3020
BRN
1732077
Henry's Law Constant
2.49 x 10-4 atm?m3/mol at 20 °C (approximate - calculated from water solubility and vapor pressure)
노출 한도
OSHA PEL: TWA 1 ppb.
안정성
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, chemically active metals and their alloys. May attack some rubber-based materials.
CAS 데이터베이스
96-12-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Propane, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloro-(96-12-8)
EPA
Propane, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloro-(96-12-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 45-46-60-25-48/20/22-52/53-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
안전지침서 53-45-61-36/37-16-7
유엔번호(UN No.) 2872
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 TX8750000
위험 참고 사항 Toxic
TSCA T
위험 등급 6.1(b)
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 96-12-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in rats, mice (g/kg): 0.17, 0.26 orally (Torkelson)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H227 가연성 액체 인화성 액체 구분 4 경고 P210, P280, P370+P378, P403+P235,P501
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H320 눈에 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2B 경고 P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H340 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판 MSDS


1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane

1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless to slightly yellow liquid

물리적 성질

Colorless when pure, however, technical grades are yellowish to dark brown. Pungent odor at high concentrations

용도

Soil fumigant, nematocide and pesticide

용도

Soil fumigant; nematocide; intermediate in organic synthesis.

일반 설명

A colorless liquid. Denser than water. Flash point 170°F. Boiling point 195°F. Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Used as a pesticide and fumigant.

공기와 물의 반응

Flammable. Soluble in water. Hydrolyzed in alkali.

반응 프로필

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane reacts with chemically active metals such as aluminum, magnesium, tin and their alloys. 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane will attack some rubber materials and coatings.

건강위험

Inhalation of vapors or dust is extremely irritating. May cause burning of eyes and flow of tears. May cause coughing, difficult breathing and nausea. Brief exposure effects last only a few minutes. Exposure in an enclosed area may be very harmful. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

화재위험

Some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily. Containers may explode when heated.

농업용

Nematicide, Fumigant: DBCP has been used in agriculture as a nematicide since 1955, being supplied for such use in the forms of liquid concentrate, emulsifiable concentrate, powder, granules, and solid material. A rebuttable presumption against registration for pesticide uses was issued by U.S. EPA on September 22, 1977, on the basis of oncogenicity and reproductive effects. Then, as of November 3, 1977, EPA in a further action suspended all registrations of end-use products, subject to various specific restrictions. Not listed as registered in EU countries.

상품명

BBC 12®; FUMAGONE®; FUMAZONE®[C]; MEMATOCIDE®; NEMABROM®; NEMAFUM®; NEMAGON®[C]; NEMAGON SOIL FUMIGANT®[C]; NEMANAX®; NEMAPAZ®; NEMASET®; NEMATOCIDE®[C]; NEMATOX®; NEMAZON®; OS 1897®; OXY BCP®[C]; SD 1897®

Safety Profile

Confirmed human carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and teratogenic data. Poison by ingestion, inhalation, and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by skin contact. An eye and severe skin irritant. Narcotic in high concentrations. Has been implicated in causing human sterihty in male factory workers. Human mutation data reported. A soil fumigant. Combustible. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl and Br-. See also CHLORIDES and BROLVIDES.

Carcinogenicity

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity fromstudies in experimental animals.

환경귀착

Biological. Biodegradation is not expected to be significant in removing 1,2-dibromo- 3-chloropropane. In aerobic soil columns, no degradation was observed after 25 days (Wilson et al., 1981a).
Soil. Soil water cultures converted 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane to n-propanol, bromide and chloride ions. Precursors to the alcohol formation include allyl chloride and allyl alcohol (Castro and Belser, 1968). The reported half-life in soil is 6 months (Jury et al., 1987).
Groundwater. According to the U.S. EPA (1986) 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane has a high potential to leach to groundwater.
Chemical/Physical. 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane is subject to both neutral and basemediate hydrolysis (Kollig, 1993). Under neutral conditions, the chlorine or bromine atoms may be displaced by hydroxyl ions. If nucleophilic attack occurs at the carbon-chlorine bond, 2,3-dibromopropanol is formed which reacts further to give 2,3-dihydroxybromopropane via the intermediate epibromohydrin. 2,3-Dihydroxybromopropane will undergo hydrolysis via the intermediate 1-hydroxy-2,3-propylene oxide which further reacts with water to give glycerol. If the nucleophilic attack occurs at the carbon-bromine bond, 2- bromo-3-chloropropanol is formed which further reacts forming the end product glycerol (Kollig, 1993). If hydrolysis of 1,2-dibromo-2-chloropropane occurs under basic conditions, the compound will undergo dehydrohalogenation to form 2-bromo-3-chloropropene and 2,3-dibromo-1-propene as intermediates. Both compounds are subject to further attack forming 2-bromo-3-hydroxypropene as the end product (Burlinson et al., 1982; Kollig, 1993). The hydrolysis half-life at pH 7 and 25°C was calculated to be 38 years (Burlinson et al., 1982; Ellington et al., 1986).
Emits toxic chloride and bromide fumes when heated to decomposition (Lewis, 1990).

법규

Department of Transportation (DOT)
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane is considered a hazardous material, and special requirements have been set for marking, labeling, and transporting this material.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Clean Air Act
National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Listed as a hazardous air pollutant. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act Reportable quantity (RQ) = 1 lb.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act Toxics Release Inventory: Listed substance subject to reporting requirements.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act All registrations have been cancelled.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Listed Hazardous Waste: Waste code for which the listing is based wholly or partly on the presence of 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane = U066. Listed as a hazardous constituent of waste.
Safe Drinking Water Act Maximum contaminant level (MCL) = 0.0002 mg/L.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Maximum permissible level in bottled water = 0.0002 mg/L.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) While this section accurately identifies OSHA’s legally enforceable PELs for this substance in 2010, specific PELs may not reflect the more current studies and may not adequately protect workers. Permissible exposure limit (PEL) = 0.001 ppm. Comprehensive standards for occupational exposure to 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane have been developed.

1,2-디브로모-3-클로로프로판 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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