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플루오르화암모늄

플루오르화암모늄
플루오르화암모늄 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
12125-01-8
한글명:
플루오르화암모늄
동의어(한글):
불가화암모늄;불화암모니아AMMONIAFLUORIDE;플루오르화암모늄;플루오르화암모늄;암모늄플루오라이드
상품명:
Ammonium fluoride
동의어(영문):
fluorekamonowy;Ammoniumfluorid;fluoruroamonico;Ammoniumfluorde;ammoniumfluorure;Ammonum fluoride;AMMONIUM FLUORIDE;AmmoniumFluorideGr;AmmoniumFluorideE.P.;Ammonuium fluororide
CBNumber:
CB2677679
분자식:
FH4N
포뮬러 무게:
37.04
MOL 파일:
12125-01-8.mol

플루오르화암모늄 속성

녹는점
98°C
끓는 점
65°C/760mmHg
밀도
1.11 g/mL at 20 °C
저장 조건
Store at RT.
용해도
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
물리적 상태
Powder/Solid
Specific Gravity
1.009
색상
White
수소이온지수(pH)
6 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
수용성
soluble
감도
Hygroscopic
Merck
14,522
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, most common metals, strong bases, strong acids. Attacks glass.
CAS 데이터베이스
12125-01-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Ammonium fluoride ((NH4)F)(12125-01-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 23/24/25-41
안전지침서 26-45-1/2-36/37/39-39-36/37
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2505 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 BQ6300000
F 고인화성물질 3-9
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 III
HS 번호 28261910
유해 물질 데이터 12125-01-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
예방조치문구:
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

플루오르화암모늄 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Ammonium fluoride,NH4F, is a white crystalline salt that is soluble in cold water. It is unstable and emits a strong odor of ammonia. Ammonium fluoride is used in etching glass,preserving wood,and in the textile industry as a mordant.

화학적 성질

Ammonium fluoride is a white crystalline solid.

용도

Etching and frosting glass; as antiseptic in brewing beer; preserving wood; in printing and dyeing textiles; as mothproofing agent.

정의

ChEBI: A fluoride salt having ammonium (NH4+) as the counterion.

일반 설명

Ammonium fluoride is a white crystalline solid. Ammonium fluoride is soluble in water. Ammonium fluoride is noncombustible. Ammonium fluoride is corrosive to aluminum. Ammonium fluoride is used in chemical analysis, in brewing, and as a preservative for wood.

공기와 물의 반응

Dissolves in water and forms dilute solution of hydrofluoric acid. May corrode glass, cement, and most metals [USCG, 1999]. Water soluble.

반응 프로필

Salts, basic, such as Ammonium fluoride, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. They react as bases to neutralize acids. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of the bases in reactivity group 10 (Bases) and the neutralization of amines. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible.

위험도

Corrosive to tissue.

건강위험

Inhalation of dust may cause irritation of respiratory system. Ingestion is harmful; readily soluble fluorides may be fatal if relatively small quantities are swallowed. Contact with eyes causes local irritation of the mucous membrane. Contact with skin may cause burns. High concs. of fluorine in the urine have been reported following skin contact.

Safety Profile

Poison by subcutaneous and intraperitoneal routes. See also FLUORIDES. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of F-, NO,, and NH3. Incompatible with ClF3

잠재적 노출

Ammonium fluoride is used in printing and dyeing textiles; glass etching, moth-proofing and wood preserving; in analytical chemistry, agriculture, antiseptic in brewing.

운송 방법

UN2505 Ammonium fluoride, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Acids, alkalis, chlorine trifluoride. Corrodes glass, cement, most metals.

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

플루오르화암모늄 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


플루오르화암모늄 공급 업체

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Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40269 62
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