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플루란텐

플루란텐
플루란텐 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
206-44-0
한글명:
플루란텐
동의어(한글):
플루오란테인;플루란텐;플루오란텐
상품명:
Fluoranthene
동의어(영문):
Idryl;Fluoranthen;FLUORANTHENE;fluoanthrene;Fluoranthrene;Fluoroanthene;Fluoranthene>Benzo[jk]flurene;Fluoranthene,93%;BENZO(J,K)FLUORENE
CBNumber:
CB3123401
분자식:
C16H10
포뮬러 무게:
202.25
MOL 파일:
206-44-0.mol

플루란텐 속성

녹는점
105-110 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
384 °C (lit.)
밀도
1.252
굴절률
1.0996
인화점
-18 °C
저장 조건
APPROX 4°C
물리적 상태
Crystalline Powder, Crystals and/or Chunks
색상
Yellow or yellow-green to gray-beige
수용성
insoluble
BRN
1907918
Henry's Law Constant
5.53, 8.59, 13.0, 19.3, and 26.8(x 10-6 atm?m3/mol) at 4.1, 11.0, 18.0, 25.0, and 31.0 °C, respectively (Bamford et al., 1998)
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
206-44-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Fluoranthene(206-44-0)
IARC
3 (Vol. Sup 7, 92) 2010
EPA
Fluoranthene (206-44-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,N,F,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-36/37/38-40-67-65-50/53-38-11-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-52/53-50
안전지침서 37/39-26-36/37-24/25-23-62-61-60-45-16-7
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1593 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 LL4025000
HS 번호 29029090
유해 물질 데이터 206-44-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LC50 (24-h) for Daphnia magna 1,300 mg/L (LeBlanc, 1980), Cyprinodon variegatus >560 ppm (H Acute oral LD50 for rats 2,000 mg/kg (quoted, RTECS, 1985).
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P281 요구되는 개인 보호구를 착용하시오
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

플루란텐 MSDS


Benzo[j,k]fluorene

플루란텐 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Fluoranthene is a polycyclic hydrocarbon and a colorless crystalline solid.

용도

Fluoranthene is a component of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, also known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and is usually bound to small particulate matter present in urban air, industrial and natural combustion emissions, and cigarette smoke.

정의

ChEBI: An ortho- and peri-fused polycyclic arene consisting of a naphthalene and benzene unit connected by a five-membered ring.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 72, p. 4786, 1950 DOI: 10.1021/ja01166a124
Tetrahedron Letters, 33, p. 1675, 1992 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)91703-9

일반 설명

Light yellow fine crystals.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Vigorous reactions, sometimes amounting to explosions, can result from the contact between aromatic hydrocarbons, such as Fluoranthene, and strong oxidizing agents. They can react exothermically with bases and with diazo compounds. Substitution at the benzene nucleus occurs by halogenation (acid catalyst), nitration, sulfonation, and the Friedel-Crafts reaction.

위험도

Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: When heated to decomposition Fluoranthene emits acrid smoke and fumes.

건강위험

Fluoranthene exhibited mild oral and dermaltoxicity in animals. The acute toxicity is lowerthan that of phenanthrene. An oral LD50 valuein rats is reported as 2000 mg/kg. It may causeskin tumor at the site of application. However,any carcinogenic action from this compoundin animals is unknown..

화재위험

Flash point data for Fluoranthene are not available. Fluoranthene is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion and skin contact. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Human mutation data reported. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

잠재적 노출

Fluoranthene, a PAH, is produced from the pyrolytic processing of organic raw materials, such as coal and petroleum at high temperatures. It is also known to occur naturally as a product of plant biosynthesis. Fluoranthene is ubiquitous in the environment and has been detected in United States air; in foreign and domestic drink ing waters and in food-stuffs. It is also contained in ciga rette smoke. Individuals living in areas which are heavily industrialized; and in which large amounts of fossil fuels are burned, would be expected to have greatest exposure from ambient sources of fluoranthene. In addition, certain occupations e.g., coke oven workers, steelworkers, roofers, automobile mechanics) would also be expected to have elevated levels of exposure relative to the general popula tion. Exposure to fluoranthene will be considerably increased among tobacco smokers or those who are exposed to smokers in closed environments (i.e., indoors).

Source

Detected in 8 diesel fuels at concentrations ranging from 0.060 to 13 mg/L with a mean value of 0.113 mg/L (Westerholm and Li, 1994); in a distilled water-soluble fraction of used motor oil at a concentration range of 1.3 to 1.5 μg/L (Chen et al., 1994). Lee et al. (1992) reported concentration ranges 1.50-125 mg/L and ND-0.5 μg/L in diesel fuel and the corresponding aqueous phase (distilled water), respectively (Lee et al., 1992). Schauer et al. (1999) reported fluoranthene in a diesel-powered medium-duty truck exhaust at an emission rate of 53.0 μg/km. Identified in Kuwait and South Louisiana crude oils at concentrations of 2.9 and 5.0 ppm, respectively (Pancirov and Brown, 1975).
California Phase II reformulated gasoline contained fluoranthene at a concentration of 1.15 g/kg. Gas-phase tailpipe emission rates from gasoline-powered automobiles with and without catalytic converters were approximately 4.25 and 160 μg/km, respectively (Schauer et al., 2002).
Detected in groundwater beneath a former coal gasification plant in Seattle, WA at a concentration of 50 μg/L (ASTR, 1995). The concentration of fluoranthene in coal tar and the maximum concentration reported in groundwater at a mid-Atlantic coal tar site were 6,500 and 0.015 mg/L, respectively (Mackay and Gschwend, 2001). Based on laboratory analysis of 7 coal tar samples, fluoranthene concentrations ranged from 1,500 to 13,000 ppm (EPRI, 1990).Lehmann et al. (1984) reported fluoranthene concentrations of 64.7 mg/g in a commercial anthracene oil and 17,400 to 30,900 mg/kg in three high-temperature coal tars. Identified in hightemperature coal tar pitches used in roofing operations at concentrations ranging from 5,200 to 38,800 mg/kg (Arrendale and Rogers, 1981).
Fluoranthene was detected in soot generated from underventilated combustion of natural gas doped with toluene (3 mole %) (Tolocka and Miller, 1995). Fluoranthene was also detected in 9 commercially available creosote samples at concentrations ranging from 55,000 to 120,000 mg/kg (Kohler et al., 2000).
Detected in asphalt fumes at an average concentration of 20.48 ng/m3 (Wang et al., 2001). An impurity in commercial available pyrene (Marciniak, 2002).
Schauer et al. (2001) measured organic compound emission rates for volatile organic compounds, gas-phase semi-volatile organic compounds, and particle-phase organic compounds from the residential (fireplace) combustion of pine, oak, and eucalyptus. The respective gas-phase and particle-phase emission rates of fluoranthene were 3.05 and 3.95 mg/kg of pine burned, 3.61 and 1.20 mg/kg of oak burned, and 3.75 and 0.509 mg/kg of eucalyptus burned.

Solubility in organics

In benzene expressed as mole fraction: 0.2174 at 44.8 °C, 0.3011 at 56.0 °C, 0.3826 at 64.4 °C, 0.5331 at 77.2 °C (shake flask-gravimetric, McLaughlin and Zainal, 1959)
In millimole fraction at 25 °C: 14.76 in n-hexane, 18.70 in n-heptane, 22.60 in n-octane, 26.42 in n-nonane, 30.15 in n-decane, 50.46 in n-hexadecane, 18.07 in cyclohexane, 21.79 in methylcyclohexane, 30.11 in cyclooctane, 11.62 in 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, 24.82 in tert-butyl-cyclohexane, 51.77 in dibutyl ether, 47.55 in methyl tert-butyl ether, 2.67 in methanol, 5.44 in ethanol, 6.70 in 1-propanol, 4.75 in 2-propanol, 9.96 in 1-butanol, 7.02 in 2-butanol, 4.95 in 2- methyl-1-propanol, 14.46 in 1-pentanol, 19.86 1-hexanol, 25.24 in 1-heptanol, 31.25 in 1- octanol, 10.21 in 2-pentanol, 8.62 in 3-methyl-1-butanol, 9.70 in 2-methyl-2-butanol, 17.72 in cyclopentanol, 17.82 in 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, 11.72 in 2-methyl-1-pentanol, 0.948 in 4-methyl-2- pentanol (Hernández and Acree, 1998)

운송 방법

UN1325 Flammable solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 4.1; Labels: 4.1-Flammable solid.UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Fluoranthene (benzo[j,k]fluorene) M 202.3, m 110-111o, b 384o/760mm. Purify it by chromatography of CCl4 solutions on alumina, with *benzene as eluent. Crystallise it from EtOH, MeOH or *benzene. Also purify it by zone melting. [Gorman et al. J Am Chem Soc 107 4404 1985, Beilstein 5 I 344, 5 IV 2463.]

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Compound can react exo thermically with bases and with diazo compounds. Substitution at the benzene nucleus occurs by halogenation (acid catalyst), nitration, sulfonation, and the Friedel Crafts reaction.

폐기물 처리

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinera tor equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must con form with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

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