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삼산화안티모니

삼산화안티모니
삼산화안티모니 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1309-64-4
한글명:
삼산화안티모니
동의어(한글):
발렌틴산염;안티몬가루;안티몬트리산화물;안티몬화이트;엑시텔산염;이안티몬삼산화물;삼산화안티모니;삼산화안티몬;안티몬산화물;삼산화안티몬;안티몬트라이옥사이드
상품명:
Diantimony trioxide
동의어(영문):
at3;JOS;ap50;antox;atoxf;atoxs;a1530;a1582;patoxc;patoxh
CBNumber:
CB3438204
분자식:
O3Sb2
포뮬러 무게:
291.52
MOL 파일:
1309-64-4.mol

삼산화안티모니 속성

녹는점
655 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
1550 °C(lit.)
밀도
5.20
증기압
13.3 hPa (660 °C)
인화점
1550°C subl.
저장 조건
-20°C
용해도
2.70mg/l
물리적 상태
powder
색상
White
Specific Gravity
5.67
수용성
Slightly soluble. <0.1 g/100 mL at 20 ºC
Merck
14,711
안정성
Stable.
InChIKey
MUBFITUCTVFSOJ-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS 데이터베이스
1309-64-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Antimony trioxide(1309-64-4)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,Xi,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 40-61
안전지침서 22-36/37-45-53
유엔번호(UN No.) 1549
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 CC5650000
위험 참고 사항 Irritant
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 III
HS 번호 28258000
유해 물질 데이터 1309-64-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: >20 g/kg (Smyth)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P281 요구되는 개인 보호구를 착용하시오
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

삼산화안티모니 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

White or gray mineral, sometimes pale red, white streak and adamantine or silky luster. Mohs hardness 2–3.

화학적 성질

Antimony trioxide is a noncombustible, odorless, white crystalline powder.

용도

Antimony oxide, Sb2O3, is a nonreactive white pigment prepared from metallic antimony using a similar technique to that used for the preparation of zinc oxide.
Antimony oxide is widely used in the preparation of fire retardant paint in conjunction with chlorine containing resins. On exposure to fire, the chlorine gas liberated by decomposition of the resin component of the paint film reacts with the antimony oxide to produce a vapor of antimony chloride that blankets the flames. Antimony oxide is also used to modify the heavy chalking characteristics of anatase form of titanium oxide.

용도

manufacture of tartar emetic; as paint pigment; in enamels and glasses; as mordant; in flame-proofing canvas.

정의

A white insoluble solid. It is an amphoteric oxide with a strong tendency to act as a base. It can be prepared by direct oxidation by air, oxygen, or steam and is formed when antimony(III) chloride is hydrolyzed by excess boiling water.

일반 설명

Diantimony trioxide is a white crystalline solid. Diantimony trioxide is insoluble in water. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Diantimony trioxide is used to fireproof fabrics, paper and plastics, as a paint pigment and for many other uses.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

IDiantimony trioxide ignites and burns when heated in powdered form in air [Mellor 9:425 1946-47]. Reacts violentlhy with bromine trifluoride [Mellor Vol. 9 425.1939].

위험도

Possible carcinogen during production.

건강위험

DUST: POISONOUS IF INHALED OR IF SKIN IS EXPOSED. If inhaled will cause coughing, difficult breathing or loss of consciousness. SOLID: POISONOUS IF SWALLOWED OR IF SKIN IS EXPOSED. If swallowed will cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting or loss of consciousness.

화재위험

Not flammable.

색상 색인 번호

This hard shiny metal is often alloyed to other elements. It is used in various industrial fields such as batteries, printing machines, bearing, textile, and ceramics. It caused positive patch test reactions in two workers in the ceramics industry.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and neoplastigenic data. Poison by intravenous and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by other routes. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. See also ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic Sb fumes. Incompatible with chlorinated rubber and heat of 21 6° and with BrF3.

잠재적 노출

It is used in flame-proofing, pigments and ceramics, to stain iron and copper; to decolorize glass; industrial chemical, dye, pigment, and printing ink.

운송 방법

UN1549 Antimony compounds, inorganic, solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Dissolve the trioxide in the minimum volume of dilute HCl, filter, and add six volumes of water to precipitate the basic antimonous chloride (free from Fe and Sb2O5). The precipitate is redissolved in dilute HCl, and added slowly, with stirring, to a boiling solution (containing a slight excess) of Na2CO3. The oxide is filtered off, washed with hot water, then boiled and filtered. The process is repeated until the filtrate gives no test for chloride ions. The product is dried in a vacuum desiccator [Schuhmann J Am Chem Soc 46 52 1924]. After one crystallisation (precipitation), the oxide from a Chinese source had: metal (ppm) Al (8), Ag (0.2), As (56), Cr (6), Ge (0.4), Mn (0.2), Na (16), Ni (2.2) Pb (2.4), Sn (0.4) and V (32). It sublimes in a vacuum at 400o, being yellow on heating and pale buff in colour on cooling. [Schenk in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 615-616 1963.] Aqua regia. This is prepared by adding slowly concentrated HNO3 (1 volume) to concentrated hydrochloric acid (3 volumes) in a glass container. This mixture is used to dissolve metals, including noble metals and alloys, as well as minerals and refractory substances. It is done by suspending the material and boiling (EFFICIENT FUME CUPBOARD — EYE PROTECTION] to dryness and repeating the process until the residue dissolves in H2O. If the aqua regia is to be stored for long periods it is advisable to dilute it with one volume of H2O which will prevent it from releasing chlorine and other chloro and nitrous compounds which are objectionable and toxic. Store it cool in a fume cupboard. However, it is good laboratory practice to prepare it freshly and dispose of it down the fume cupboard sink with copious amounts of water.

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, halogenated acids, chlorinated rubber, bromine trifluoride. Reduction with hydrogen forms toxic antimony hydride.

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

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