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클로로타로닐
클로로타로닐 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1897-45-6
한글명:
클로로타로닐
동의어(한글):
클로로타로닐;클로로탈로닐
상품명:
Chlorothalonil
동의어(영문):
Ole;TPN;TRN;Tcin;Sweep;Vanox;REACH;BRAVO;Evade;faber
CBNumber:
CB4132626
분자식:
C8Cl4N2
포뮬러 무게:
265.91
MOL 파일:
1897-45-6.mol

클로로타로닐 속성

녹는점
250-251°
끓는 점
bp760 350°
밀도
d425 1.7
증기압
7.6 x 10-5 Pa (25 °C)
인화점
2 °C
저장 조건
0-6°C
물리적 상태
Powder
수용성
0.6-1.2 mg l-1 (25 °C)
색상
White
Merck
14,2166
BRN
1978326
노출 한도
An experimental carcinogen.
InChIKey
CRQQGFGUEAVUIL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
1897-45-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Tetrachloroisophthalonitrile(1897-45-6)
EPA
1,3-Benzenedicarbonitrile, 2,4,5,6-tetrachloro-(1897-45-6)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+;N,N,T+,Xn,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 26-37-40-41-43-50/53-36-20/21/22-11
안전지침서 28-36/37/39-45-60-61-36/37-26-16
유엔번호(UN No.) 3276
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 NT2600000
위험 등급 6.1(a)
포장분류 I
HS 번호 29269090
유해 물질 데이터 1897-45-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: >10.0 g/kg (Turner)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.

클로로타로닐 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

White Solid

화학적 성질

Chlorothalonil is a combustible, white, odorless, crystalline solid

용도

Chlorothalonil is a polychlorinated aromatic broad spectrum non-systematic fungicide. Chlorothalonil is used heavily in agriculture field on crops such as peanuts, potatoes and tomatoes. Chlorothaloni l is a probable human carcinogen (Group B2) and is highly toxic to fish and aquatic invertabrates.

용도

Fungicide; bactericide; nematocide

용도

Fungicide, bactericide, nematocide. Agricultural and horticultural fungicide.

용도

Chlorothalonil is a non-systemic foliar fungicide with protective activity. It is used to control a broad spectrum of fungal diseases in fruit (pome, stone, citrus, etc.), berries, vegetables, cucurbits, root crops, soyabeans, ornamentals and turf.

정의

ChEBI: A dinitrile that is benzene-1,3-dicarbonitrile substituted by four chloro groups. A non-systemic fungicide first introduced in the 1960s, it is used to control a range of diseases in a wide variety of crops.

일반 설명

Colorless crystals or granules or light gray powder. Melting point 250-251°C. No odor when pure; technical grade has a slightly pungent odor. A fungicide formulated as water-dispersible granules, wettable powder, or dust.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Chlorothalonil is stable in neutral or acidic aqueous media. May react violently with strong oxidizing acids [Farm Chemicals Handbook]. Incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides. Breaks down slowly in basic aqueous media (half-life 38.1 days at pH 9. [Farm Chemicals Handbook].

화재위험

Literature sources indicate that Chlorothalonil is nonflammable.

농업용

Fungicide: Chlorothalonil is a broad-spectrum fungicide. It is used on vegetables, peanuts, potatoes, small fruits, trees, turf, roses, ornamentals, and other crops. In California, the top crops are tomatoes, onions, celery, and landscaping. It targets fungal blights, needlecasts, and cankers on conifer trees. This is the second most used fungicide in the U.S. It can be found in formulations with many other pesticides

상품명

ATLAS CROPGARD®; BANOL C®; BB CHLOROTHALONIL®; BOMmHgDIER®; BRAVO®; BRAVO® 6 F; BRAVO® 500; BRAVO® 6 F; BRAVO ULTREX®; BRAVO-W-75®; CHILTERN OLE®; CONTACT® 75; DAC® 2787; DACONIL®; DACONIL® 2787 FUNGICIDE; DACONIL® 2787 W; DACONIL® F; DACONIL® M; DACONIL® TURF; DACOSOIL®; DIVA FUNGICIDE®[C]; ECHO®; EXOTHERM®; EXOTHERM TERMIL®; FORTURF®; FUNGINIL®; IMPACT EXCEL®; JUPITAL®; NUOCIDE®; OLE®; PILLARICH®; POWER CHLOROTHALONIL® 50; REPULSE®; RIDOMIL GOLD/BRAVO®; SICLOR®; SIPCAM® UK ROVER 5000; SWEEP®; TER-MIL®; TPN®; TPN (PESTICIDE)®; TRIPART FABER®; TRIPART ULTRAFABER®; TUFFCIDE®

색상 색인 번호

Chlorothalonil is a fungicide widely used in the cultivation of ornamental plants and flowers, rice, and onions. In banana plantations it is used in fumigations by airplanes. It can be used as a preservative of paints and woods. It can induce contact urticaria, irritant and allergic contact dermatitis, erythema dyschromicum perstans, or folliculitis mainly in agricultural workers, wood-related professions, or in horticulturists.

Safety Profile

Suspected carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic data. Moderately toxic by skin contact and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by ingestion. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cl-, NOx, and CN-. See also NITRILES.

잠재적 노출

Chlorothalonil is a broad spectrum fungicide; used as fungicide in coatings; caulk, wood preservative, and antifouling systems. Therefore, people involved in its manufacture, formulation, and application can be exposed.

환경귀착

Biological. From the first-order biotic and abiotic rate constants of chlorothalonil in estuarine water and sediment/water systems, the estimated biodegradation half-lives were 8.1–10 and 1.8–5 days, respectively (Walker et al., 1988).
Soil. Metabolites identified in soil were 1,3-dicyano-4-hydroxy-2,5,6-trichlorobenzene, 1,3-dicarbamoyl-2,4,5,6-tetrachlorobenzene and 1-carbamoyl-3-cyano-4-hydroxy-2,5,6- trichlorobenzene (Rouchaud et al., 1988). The half-life was reported as 4.
Groundwater. According to the U.S. EPA (1986) chlorothalonil has a high potential to leach to groundwater
Plant. Degrades in plants to 4-hydroxy-2,5,6-trichloroisophthalonitrile (Hartley and Kidd, 1987), 1,3-dicyano-4-hydroxy-2,5,6-trichlorobenzene and 1,3-dicarbamoyl-2,4,5,6- tetrachlorobenzene (Rouchaud et al., 1988). No evidence of degradation products were reported in apple foliage 15 days after application. The half-life of chlorothalonil was 4.1 days (Gilbert, 1976)

신진 대사 경로

By in vitro incubation of 14C-chlorothalonil (CTL) with rat stomach, duodenum, and cecum contents, with dog stomach, duodenum, and colon contents, and with human feces and stomach contents, transformation of CTL mostly occurs in rat cecum contents, dog colon contents, and human feces, in which unchanged CTL accounts for 46.7, 29.7, and 22.6% of applied radioactivity, respectively. In those incubations, the identified metabolites are 2,5,6-trichloro-4- methylthioisophthalonitrile, 2,5,6-trichloro-4- thioisophthalonitrile, 3-thia-1-cyano-2,5,6- trichloroisoindolinone, 2,5,6-trichloro-4- hydroxyisophthalonitrile, and 2,5,6- trichloroisophthalonitrile. In rats, CTL is transformed to 4,6-bis(N-acetylcystein-S-yl)-2,5- dichloroisophthalonitrile.
The photolysis of CTL solutions in alcohols (ethanol and methanol separately) with exposure to UV irradiation yields 4,5,7-trichloro-6-cyano-3- methylbenzo-g -lactone and dichlorobenzo-bis-g -lactone derivatives as major degradation products in ethanol. In methanol, 4,5,7-trichloro-6-cyanobenzo-g -lactone is the only photoproduct detected.

운송 방법

UN3276 Nitriles, liquid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required, Potential Inhalation Hazard (Special Provision 5). UN2588 Pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required

Degradation

Chlorothalonil is stable to aqueous hydrolysis at pH values above 7. It is hydrolysed slowly at pH 9 via dechlorination to yield 4-hydroxy-2,5,6- trichloroisothalonitrile (2) and oxidation/hydration of one of the nitrile groups to yield 3-cyano-2,4,5,6-tetrachlorobenzamide (3) (Szalkowski and Stallard, 1977).

비 호환성

Contact with strong oxidizers may cause a fire and explosion hazard. Thermal decomposition may include fumes of hydrogen cyanide. Nitriles may polymerize in the presence of metals and some metal compounds. They are incompatible with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reactions. Nitriles are generally incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides. The combination of bases and nitriles can produce hydrogen cyanide. Nitriles are hydrolyzed in both aqueous acid and base to give carboxylic acids (or salts of carboxylic acids). These reactions generate heat. Peroxides convert nitriles to amides. Nitriles can react vigorously with reducing agents. Acetonitrile and propionitrile are soluble in water, but nitriles higher than propionitrile have low aqueous solubility. They are also insoluble in aqueous acids.

폐기물 처리

Incineration in a unit operating @ 850C equipped with off-gas scrubbing equipment.

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