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펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산

펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산
펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산
Pentadecafluorooctanoic acid
Pfoa;A 5717;EF 201;NSC 95114;IPC-PFFA-8;Eftop EF 201;Fluorad FC-26;IPC-PFFA-8 HG;JACS-335-67-1;uorooctanoic acid
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산 속성

55-56 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
189 °C/736 mmHg (lit.)
1,7 g/cm3
저장 조건
물리적 상태
Crystalline Powder
산도 계수 (pKa)
Specific Gravity
2.6 (1g/l, H2O, 20℃)
3.4 g/L
Stable. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
335-67-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
Octanoic acid, pentadecafluoro-(335-67-1)
2B (Vol. 110) 2017
Perfluorooctanoic acid (335-67-1)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C,Xi,T,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-34-52/53-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-45-36/37-16-7
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3261 8/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 RH0781000
위험 참고 사항 Corrosive
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29159080
유해 물질 데이터 335-67-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 dnd-esc 50 mmol MUREAV 89,95,81
기존화학 물질 KE-27883
중점관리물질 필터링 별표1-83
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H290 금속을 부식시킬 수 있음 금속 부식성물질 구분 1 경고 P234, P390, P404
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H362 모유를 먹는 아이에게 유해할 수 있음 생식독성 물질,수유 또는 수유기에 미치는 영향 추가 카테고리 P201, P260, P263, P264, P270,P308+P313
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H402 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 3
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P234 원래의 용기에만 보관하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P263 임신·수유 기간에는 접촉하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P390 물질손상을 방지하기 위해 누출물을 흡수시키시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P406 부식을 방지하여 보관하시오/...내부식성 용기
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산 MSDS

Pentadecafluorooctanoic acid

펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


Concerns about the potential environmental and toxicological impacts of long-chain perfluoroalkyl sulfonates and carboxylic acids have led to: (1) the phaseout of production of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and related compounds and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) by their major global manufacturer in 2000–02; (2) the conclusion of a stewardship agreement between the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and eight leading global companies to reduce emissions and product content of PFOA and related chemicals by 95% by 2010 and to work toward their elimination by 2015; (3) a similar agreement between the Canadian environmental and health authorities and five companies to restrict perfluorinated carboxylic acids in products; (4) a European Union Marketing and Use Directive restricting the use of ‘PFOSs’ in the European Union; and (5) the inclusion of PFOS in the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants as an Annex B substance, i.e., restricted in its use; and other regulatory and voluntary initiatives intended to reduce environmental emissions of this family of compounds.

화학적 성질

Perfluorooctanoic acid is a white to off-white powder or colorless flakes. It is very soluble in water.It has a pH of 2.6. Perfluorooctanoic acid has the ability to react with bases, oxidizing agents, and reducing agents. Upon decomposition, PFOA can form carbon oxides and hydrogen fluoride. Additional information related to physical and chemical properties of PFOA are not currently available.
Perfluorooctanoic acid structure


Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is fluorinated surfactant used, primarily as its ammonium salt (APFO), as an aid in the chemical synthesis of fluoropolymers and fluoroelastomers. As such, it may be found in nonstick cookware and utensils, stain-repellant fabric treatments, and water-proofing treatments for garments. Although an effort is underway by the U.S. EPA to reduce use of and replace perfluoroalkyls with other substances, PFOA is still used in United States industry.
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA, C8, pentadecafluorooctanoic acid, perfluoro caprylic acid) is an eightcarbon compound in the perfluoroalkyl family of chemicals. Perfluorooctane sulfonate is used in a variety of applications, including nonstick cookware, waterproof clothing, leather products, cleaning products, and pesticides. Its main use was as a stain repellent on carpet, furniture, and other consumer products. In 2006, the U.S. Protection Agency along with eight major companies that utilized PFOA embarked on a program to reduce emissions and use of the chemical by 2015 (USEPA, 2012).


PFOA is a completely fluorinated organic acid that is produced synthetically as its salts. The typical structure has a nonbranched chain of eight carbon atoms. The industrial production of perfluoroalkyl carboxylates started in the late 1940s. Two principal production processes are used to manufacture PFOA, viz. electrochemical fluorination and telomerization. PFOA can also appear as a result of degradation of some precursors, e.g., fluorotelomer alcohols. The ammonium salt of PFOA is primarily used as an emulsifier or ‘processing aid’ in industrial applications, for example, in the production of fluoropolymers such as polytetrafluoroethylene, but also produced for fluorosurfactant use. Typical uses include fluoropolymers in electronics, textiles, and nonstick cookware, and fluorosurfactants in aqueous filmforming foams used for fire fighting.


ChEBI: A fluoroalkanoic acid that is perfluorinated octanoic acid.

일반 설명

Perfluorooctanoic acid is a perfluoroalkyl acid commonly used in the preparation of fluoroacrylic esters, fluoropolymers and fluoroelastmers. It is found to be environmentally persistent and bioaccumulative with a long half-life.

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Mutation data reported. Whenheated to decomposition it emits toxic vapors of Fí.


Perfluorooctanoic acid found in the environment may result from waste stream releases from manufacture of cosmetics, lubricants, paints, polishes, adhesives, fabric treatments, and fire-fighting compounds. It can partition to the vapor phase in the atmosphere, where it is degraded atmospherically with a half-life of 31 days. It is very resistant to hydrolysis, and immobile in soil. It will not likely evaporate from soil (depending on soil pH) or surface waters. It is not expected to be absorbed to sediments and suspended particles. Perfluorooctanoic acid is not expected to bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms (BCF =3.1–9.4) (NLM, 2013).

Purification Methods

Crystallise the acid from CCl4 and toluene, and distil it. It forms micelles in H2O and the solubility is 1% in H2O. The acid chloride has b 129-130o/744mm. The amide has m 138o. [Bernett & Zisman J Phys Chem 63 1911 1959, Bro & Sperati J Polym Sci 38 289 1959, Beilstein 2 IV 994.]

Toxicity evaluation

Studies with animals fed PFOA for a long period showed effects on the stomach, liver, and thyroid hormones. Animal studies also indicate that PFOA may cause cancer at relatively high levels. PFOA has also been shown to be a developmental toxicant, and to have effects on the immune system.
PFOA affects primarily the liver and can cause developmental and reproductive toxic effects at relatively low dose levels in experimental animals. It increases the tumor incidence in rats, mainly in the liver. The carcinogenic effects in rats appear to be due to indirect/nongenotoxic modes of action. Epidemiological studies in PFOA-exposed workers do not indicate an increased cancer risk. There is relatively consistent evidence of modest positive associations between serum levels of PFOA and cholesterol, uric acid, and liver enzyme levels. The critical effects observed in rodents and monkeys are on the liver and include hypertrophy, changes in liver enzyme activity, and proliferation of peroxisomes.
In rodents the anionic form of PFOA induces hepatocellular adenomas, Leydig cell adenomas, and pancreatic hyperplasia. The genotoxic activity of PFOA is a matter of current debate and controversy, with classifications as ‘devoid of significant genotoxicity’ as well as ‘weakly nonspecific genotoxic.’ PFOA does not appear directly genotoxic; animal data indicate that it can cause several types of tumors and neonatal death and may have toxic effects on the immune, liver, and endocrine systems.

펜타데카플루오로옥타노익 산 준비 용품 및 원자재


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Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
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Fluoropharm Co., Ltd.
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Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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