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피페로닐부톡사이드

피페로닐부톡사이드
피페로닐부톡사이드 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
51-03-6
한글명:
피페로닐부톡사이드
동의어(한글):
피페로닐뷰톡사이드;피페로닐부톡시드;피페로닐부톡사이드;피페로닐부톡시드;피페로닐 뷰톡사이드
상품명:
Piperonyl butoxide
동의어(영문):
PBO;Vex;INCITE;Butacid;PRENTOX;fmc5273;nia5273;Pyrenon;FAC-S273;BUTACIDE
CBNumber:
CB4337573
분자식:
C19H30O5
포뮬러 무게:
338.44
MOL 파일:
51-03-6.mol

피페로닐부톡사이드 속성

녹는점
<25 °C
끓는 점
180 °C
밀도
1.059 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기압
0.02 hPa (60 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.498(lit.)
인화점
>230 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
water: slightly soluble0.0289g/L at 20.4°C
물리적 상태
Liquid
Specific Gravity
1.060 (20/4℃)
색상
Clear yellow
수용성
<0.1 g/100 mL at 18 ºC
Merck
14,7476
BRN
288063
안정성
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
HHZWGSFIZRNPFB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
51-03-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Piperonyl butoxide(51-03-6)
IARC
3 (Vol. 30, Sup 7) 1987
EPA
Piperonyl butoxide (51-03-6)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 N,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 50/53-51/53-24
안전지침서 60-61-45-36/37/39-28A
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3082 9/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 XS8050000
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1(b)
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29329990
유해 물질 데이터 51-03-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in female, male rats: 6150, 7500 mg/kg (Gaines)
기존화학 물질 KE-04141
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H310 피부와 접촉하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 1,2 위험 P262, P264, P270, P280, P302+P350,P310, P322, P361, P363, P405, P501
H401 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 2 P273, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P262 눈, 피부, 의복에 묻지 않도록 하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

피페로닐부톡사이드 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a water insoluble colorless to pale yellow liquid that was developed in the 1940s to increase the effectiveness of various pesticides. It is currently registered as an active ingredient in more than 1500 products used for indoor or outdoor pesticides, including agricultural maintenance of some food crops.

화학적 성질

Light Yellow Liquid

용도

Piperonyl butoxide is used as a synergist for pyrethrins and their synthetic analogues.

용도

Insecticide synergist, especially for pyrethroids and rotenone

용도

PBO is a pesticide synergist. It is typically added to carbamate, pyrethrin, pyrethroid, and rotenone pesticides to greatly enhance their potency. PBO alone does not have pesticidal properties.

일반 설명

Pale yellow to light brown liquid with a mild odor and a faint bitter taste.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Piperonyl butoxide can react with oxidizing materials.

화재위험

Piperonyl butoxide is combustible.

농업용

Insecticide synergist: A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Not listed for use in EU countries. Piperonyl butoxide is a synergist, i.e., not a pesticide itself, but enhances the properties of other chemicals. It is used with other pesticides such as pyrethrins, pyrethroids, rotenone and carbamates in food and non-food agricultural products, home and garden products, termite and mosquito products, and veterinary pesticide products. It inhibits the insect’s ability to break down an insecticide before it takes effect, thereby prolonging the action, and reduces the necessity for using a stronger formulation.

상품명

The U.S. EPA lists 7,340 products containing this substance, 1,622 of which are active

Safety Profile

Poison by skin contact. Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. Many glycol ether compounds have dangerous human reproductive effects, Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomDosition it emits PLATINOL 0 cis-PLATlNUM(II) DIAMMINE- DICHLORIDE

환경귀착

PBO is rapidly degraded (half-life 8 h) in the environment by photolysis and is metabolized by soil microorganisms. Its estimated atmospheric half-life is approximately 3 h.

신진 대사 경로

Piperonyl butoxide is used primarily in admixture with pyrethrins and some of the pyrethroids to enhance and prolong their insecticidal action. Much of this use is in domestic and industrial situations. Metabolism studies were conducted soon after its discovery and first use in the 1950s and 1960s. The main impetus initially was to understand the mode of action as a synergist. When this was shown to be due to the inhibition of oxidative metabolism, further studies were conducted to address possible toxic interactions with other pesticides and drugs in man.
Piperonyl butoxide undergoes rapid photodegradation and microbial degradation in soil. It is also rapidly metabolised in insects and mammals by oxidative attack at the methylenedioxy carbon atom and in the side chain. A comprehensive review by Casida (1970) describes the chemistry, mode of action and metabolism of piperonyl butoxide and several related methylenedioxyphenyl compounds. Though published nearly 30 years ago, the review remains a very useful compilation of a large amount of information, supported by more than 300 references.

Degradation

Piperonyl butoxide is stable to hydrolysis at pH 5,7 and 9 in sterile buffers in the dark at 25 °C. It is rapidly degraded in aqueous solution at pH 7 in sunlight with a DT50 of 8.4 hours (PM). The compound was found to be relatively stable under a variety of irradiation conditions as a thin film on glass or in organic solvent (methanol, benzene and cyclohexane). Loss of the butoxyethoxy side chain was observed to give 5-methyl-6-propyl-l,3- benzodioxole (2), butoxyethanol (3) and ethanediol (4) (Fishbein and Gaibel, 1970). These studies did not utilise radiolabelled compound. The partial pathways are shown in Scheme 1.

Toxicity evaluation

As a synergist, PBO inhibits mixed-function oxidases, including cytochrome P450, and resistance-associated esterases that allow insects to degrade an insecticide, allowing enhanced insecticide efficacy. It does not effectively act as a synergist in mammals.

피페로닐부톡사이드 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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