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2-메톡시 에탄올

2-메톡시 에탄올
2-메톡시 에탄올 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
109-86-4
한글명:
2-메톡시 에탄올
동의어(한글):
2-메톡시에탄올;Monomethyletherofethyleneglycol,에탄올,2-메톡시2-메톡시에탄올;메틸셀로솔브;순수;증류수;에틸렌글라이콜모노메틸에터;메틸 셀로솔브;에틸렌 글리콜 모노메틸 에테르
상품명:
2-Methoxyethanol
동의어(영문):
H2O;EGM;Egme;MECS;Prist;WATER G;dowanol7;TAP-WATER;SOLVENT S;dowanolem
CBNumber:
CB4852791
분자식:
C3H8O2
포뮬러 무게:
76.09
MOL 파일:
109-86-4.mol

2-메톡시 에탄올 속성

녹는점
-85 °C
끓는 점
124-125 °C(lit.)
밀도
0.965 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
2.62 (vs air)
증기압
6.17 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.402(lit.)
인화점
115 °F
저장 조건
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
용해도
Very soluble in acetone, dimethylsulfoxide, and 95% ethanol (quoted, Keith and Walters, 1992).
Miscible with N,N-dimethylformamide, ether, and glycerol (Windholz et al., 1983).
산도 계수 (pKa)
15.7(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
green cap
상대극성
1
냄새
Mild ethereal.
pH 범위
5- 7 at 25 °C
폭발한계
2.5-20%(V)
수용성
SOLUBLE
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 213 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 240 nm Amax: 0.20
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 300-400 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck
14,6038
BRN
1731074
Henry's Law Constant
(x 10-2 atm?m3/mol): 4.41, 3.63, 11.6, 3.09, and 3.813 at 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C, respectively (EPICS, Ashworth et al., 1988)
노출 한도
TLV-TWA skin 5 ppm (15.5 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 25 ppm (77.5 mg/m3) (OSHA).
안정성
Stable, but contact with air may lead to the formation of explosive peroxides. A peroxide test should be carried out before this material is used if it has been exposed to air for some time, especially if it is to be purified by distillation. Contact with strong oxidizing agents may cause fire or explosion. Incompatible with strong bases, ac
InChIKey
XNWFRZJHXBZDAG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
109-86-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Ethanol, 2-methoxy-(109-86-4)
EPA
2-Methoxyethanol (109-86-4)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,F,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 60-61-10-20/21/22-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11-35-34-36/38
안전지침서 53-45-36/37-16-26-23-36/37/39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1188 3/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 ZC0110000
F 고인화성물질 10
자연 발화 온도 548 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 3
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29332990
유해 물질 데이터 109-86-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in rats, guinea pigs (mg/kg): 2460, 950 orally (Smyth); LC50 (7 hr in air) in mice: 4.6 mg/l (Werner)
기존화학 물질 KE-23272
유해화학물질 필터링 2014-1-698
중점관리물질 필터링 별표1-60
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 2-메톡시에탄올 및 이를 0.3% 이상 함유한 혼합물
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
2
1 1

2-메톡시 에탄올 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Methoxyethanol is a glycol ether that has been known since the 1920s, but its use significantly increased in the 1970s. Cellosolve was a solvent product containing glycol ethers and registered in the 1920s by Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Corp. Glycol ethers are derived from either ethylene oxide (E-series) or propylene oxide (p-series) combined with an alcohol. Methoxyethanol is an E-series glycol ether derived from methanol and ethylene oxide. Other commonly used glycol ethers include ethoxyethanol, butoxyethanol, and methoxypropanol. Use of methoxyethanol has declined in recent years due to risk management procedures and replacement by other substances.

화학적 성질

2-Methoxyethanol is a colorless liquid with a slight ethereal odor. The Odor Threshold is 0.92.3 ppm. It is miscible with water and with aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. It is a solvent for essential oils, lignin, dammar, Elemi Essential Oil, ester gum, kauri, mastic, rosin, sandarac resin, shellac, Zanzibar, nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate, alcohol-soluble dyes and many synthetic resins. Its solvency far cellulose esters is augmented when a ketone or a halogenated hydrocarbon i s added. The uses for 2-Methoxyethanol are as a solvent in quick-drying varnishes and enamels, in conjunction with aliphatic, aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols and ketones; in solvent mixtures and thinners for lacquers and dopes; in the manufacture of synthetic resin plasticizers and as a penetrating and leveling agent in dyeing processes, especially in the dyeing of leather, animal and vegetable fibers. Other uses are as o fixative in perfumes and as a solvent in odorless nail-polish lacquers. 2-Methoxyethanol should not be added to nitrocellulose lacquers containing coumarone resins or ester gum because it will cause incompatibility between these substances.

물리적 성질

Colorless liquid with a mild, ether-like odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were <300 μg/m3 (<96 ppbv) and 700 μg/m3 (220 ppbv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974).

용도

2-Methoxyethanol is considered a non-comedogenic raw material. It is used as a solvent in nail products and as a stabilizer in cosmetic emulsions. It is able to penetrate the skin and may cause skin irritation.

용도

The primary use of 2-methoxyethanol is as asolvent for cellulose acetate, certain syntheticand natural resins, and dyes. Other applications are in jet fuel deicing, sealing moisture-proof cellophane, dyeing leather, and use innail polishes, varnishes, and enamels.

용도

Solvent for low-viscosity cellulose acetate, natural resins, some synthetic resins and some alcohol-soluble dyes; in dyeing leather, sealing moistureproof cellophane; in nail polishes, quick-drying varnishes and enamels, wood stains. In modified Karl Fischer reagent: Peters, Jungnickel, Anal. Chem. 27, 450 (1955).

정의

ChEBI: A hydroxyether that is ethanol substituted by a methoxy group at position 2.

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid. Flash point of 110°F. Less dense than water. Vapors are heavier than air.

공기와 물의 반응

Flammable. Water soluble.

반응 프로필

2-Methoxyethanol is incompatible with oxygen and strong oxidizing agents. Contact with bases may result in decomposition. Incompatible with acid chlorides and acid anhydrides. . 2-Methoxyethanol forms explosive peroxides.

위험도

Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Moderate fire risk. Toxic by skin absorption. Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

2-Methoxyethanol is a teratogen and a chronic inhalation toxicant. The target organs are blood, kidney,and the central nervous system. In addi tion to inhalation, the other routes of expo sure are absorption through the skin, and ingestion. Animal studies indicated that over-exposure to this compound produced anemia, hematuria, and damage to the testes.In humans, inhalation of EGME vapors cancause headache, drowsiness, weakness, irrita tion of the eyes, ataxia, and tremor. The acuteinhalation toxicity, however, is low and anytoxic effect may be felt at a concentration ofabout 25–30 ppm in air
The oral and dermal toxicities of thiscompound in test animals were found to belower than the inhalation toxicity. Ingestioncan produce an anesthetic effect and in alarge dosage can be fatal. An oral intake ofabout 200 mL may cause death to humans.
LC50 value (mice): 1480 ppm/7 h,
LD50 value (rabbits): 890 mg/kg
EGME is a teratogen exhibiting fetotoxi city, affecting the fertility and the litter size,and causing developmental abnormalities inthe urogenital and musculoskeletal systemsin test animals.

화재위험

HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic to humans by ingestion. Moderately toxic experimentally by ingestion, inhalation, shin contact, intraperitoneal, and intravenous routes. Human systemic effects by inhalation: change in motor activity, tremors, and convulsions. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. A skin and eye irritant. Mutation data reported. When used under conditions that do not require the application of heat, thts material probably presents little hazard to health. However, in the manufacture of fused collars which require pressing with a hot iron, cases have been reported showing disturbance of the hemopoietic system with or without neurologcal signs and symptoms. The blood picture may resemble that produced by exposure to benzene. Two cases reported had severe aplastic anemia with tremors and marked mental dullness. The persons affected had been exposed to vapors of methyl "Cellosolve," ethanol, methanol, ethyl acetate, and petroleum naphtha. flame. A moderate explosion hazard. Can react with oxidizing materials to form explosive peroxides. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also GLYCOL ETHERS. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or

잠재적 노출

2-Methoxyethanol is used as a jet fuel additive; solvent for protective coating; and in chemical synthesis. Ethylene glycol ethers are used as solvents for resins used in the electronics industry, lacquers, paints, varnishes, gum, perfume; dyes and inks; and as a constituent of painting pastes, cleaning compounds; liquid soaps; cosmetics, nitrocellulose, and hydraulic fluids.

Carcinogenicity

There are no experimental carcinogenicity or cancer epidemiology data relating to this chemical , but some short-term test data are available and are summarized in the section on genetic and related cellular effects.

환경귀착

Photolytic. Grosjean (1997) reported an atmospheric rate constant of 1.25 x 10-11 cm3/molecule?sec at 298 K for the reaction of methyl cellosolve and OH radicals. Based on an atmospheric OH concentration of 1.0 x 106 molecule/cm3, the reported half-life of methyl cellosolve is 0.64 d (Grosjean, 1997).
Chemical/Physical. At an influent concentration of 1,000 mg/L, treatment with GAC resulted in an effluent concentration of 342 mg/L. The adsorbability of the carbon used was 132 mg/g carbon (Guisti et al., 1974).

운송 방법

UN1188 Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid

Purification Methods

Peroxides can be removed by refluxing with stannous chloride or by filtration under slight pressure through a column of activated alumina. 2-Methoxyethanol can be dried with K2CO3, CaSO4, MgSO4 or silica gel, then distilled from sodium. Aliphatic ketones (and water) can be removed by making the solvent 0.1% in 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and allowing to stand overnight with silica gel before fractionally distilling. [Beilstein 1 IV 2375.]

Toxicity evaluation

High acute doses of methoxyethanol have a sedative and hypnotic effect. Kidney and lung damages, accompanied by hemoglobinuria, follow exposures to high doses. Toxicity is attributed to the active metabolites: methoxyacetaldehyde and methoxyacetate. In vitro studies with radiolabeled methoxyethanol indicate that formation of methoxyacetyl-coenzyme A may lead to the formation of methoxyacetyl derivatives of Krebs cycle intermediates. Methoxyacetate produces the same testicular lesions in rodents as does the parent compound, although the immunosuppression elicited by methoxyethanol exposure may depend on the putative metabolite, methoxyacetaldehyde. In both the testicular lesion and the immune suppression, some data suggest that the pattern of cell death termed ‘apoptosis’ may be stimulated. Methoxyacetate stimulates synthesis of progesterone by luteal cells in culture. This disturbance of luteal function may be related to the prolongation of gestation in rodents. Teratogenicity appears to be related to interference by methoxyethanol, or its metabolites, with one carbon metabolism in the synthesis of nucleotide precursors, and can be relieved by administration of other substrates, such as serine and glycine, which also provide substrates for nucleotide synthesis. It has also been suggested that toxicity is mediated through inhibition of flavoprotein dehydrogenase-catalyzed reactions.

비 호환성

Vapors may form explosive mixture with air. Heat or oxidizers may cause the formation of unstable peroxides. Attacks many metals. Strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosions. Strong bases cause decomposition and the formation of toxic gas. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors.

폐기물 처리

Concentrated waste containing no peroxides: discharge liquid at a controlled rate near a pilot flame. Concentrated waste containing peroxides: perforation of a container of the waste from a safe distance followed by open burning.

2-메톡시 에탄올 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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