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제일인산나트륨 수화물

제일인산나트륨 수화물
제일인산나트륨 수화물 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
제일인산나트륨 수화물
Sodium Phosphate Monobasic Monohydrate
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

제일인산나트륨 수화물 속성

100°C -H₂O
끓는 점
399 °C
2,04 g/cm3
저장 조건
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
H2O: 1 M, clear, colorless
물리적 상태
White semi-transparentor
4.1-4.5 (25℃, 50mg/mL in H2O)
pH 범위
4.1 - 4.5 at 50 g/l at 25 °C
Soluble in water; insoluble in ethanol, ether and chloroform.
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.03
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.02
CAS 데이터베이스
10049-21-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
Monosodium phosphate monohydrate (10049-21-5)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/37/38-36
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-36-39-24/25
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 WA1900000
F 고인화성물질 3
HS 번호 2835 22 00
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 2000 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 7940 mg/kg
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
2 1

제일인산나트륨 수화물 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


Sodium Phosphate Monobasic Monohydrate is a reagent with very high buffering capacity widely used in molecular biology, biochemistry and chromatography. it can be used as a buffer to adjust pH. In medicine, it is sometimes used as a stimulant laxative before certain operations and medical procedures. Sodium Phosphate Monobasic Monohydrate is often used in foods and in water treatment. It is used as sequestrant, emulsifier, mordant in dyeing, reagent and buffer in foods and analytical chemistry. It is applied as a fireproofing agent and for weighting silk in tanning. It is employed in manufacturing of enamels, ceramics, detergents, boiler compounds, in soldering and brazing instead of borax.
Monobasic sodium phosphate is used in baking powders, acid cleansers, electroplating, as a dry acidulant, and in treating boiler water.

화학적 성질

Anhydrous salt: white crystalline powder; slightly hygroscopic; forms sodium acid pyrophosphate, Na2H2P2O7 on heating above 225°C and sodium metaphosphate (NaPO3)n at about 350 to 400°C; very soluble in water, aqueous solution acidic.
Monohydrate: white orthorhombic crystals or granules; density 2.04 g/cm3 ; loses its water of crystallization at 100°C; very soluble in water, pH of 1% solution 4.5; insoluble in alcohol.
Dihydrate: large transparent crystals; orthorhombic bisphenoidal structure; density 1.915 g/cm 3 ; decomposes at 60°C; very soluble in water; insoluble in alcohol.

화학적 성질

The USP 32 states that monobasic sodium phosphate contains one or two molecules of water of hydration or is anhydrous.
The hydrated forms of monobasic sodium phosphate occur as odorless, colorless or white, slightly deliquescent crystals. The anhydrous form occurs as a white crystalline powder or granules.



제조 방법

Monobasic sodium phosphate can be prepared by partial neutralization of phosphoric acid with sodium hydroxide in equimolar amounts:
H3PO4+ NaOH →NaH2PO4+ H2O
It also can be made by treating disodium hydrogen phosphate with phosphoric acid in proper stoichiometric amount:
Na2HPO4+ H3PO4→2NaH2PO4

생산 방법

Monobasic sodium phosphate is prepared by adding phosphoric acid to a hot, concentrated solution of disodium phosphate until the liquid ceases to form a precipitate with barium chloride. This solution is then concentrated and the monobasic sodium phosphate is crystallized.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Monobasic sodium phosphate is used in a wide variety of pharmaceutical formulations as a buffering agent and as a sequestering agent. Therapeutically, monobasic sodium phosphate is used as a mild saline laxative and in the treatment of hypophosphatemia.
Monobasic sodium phosphate is also used in food products, for example, in baking powders, and as a dry acidulant and sequestrant.


Monobasic sodium phosphate is widely used as an excipient in parenteral, oral, and topical pharmaceutical formulations.
Phosphate occurs extensively in the body and is involved in many physiological processes since it is the principal anion of intracellular fluid. Most foods contain adequate amounts of phosphate, making hypophosphatemia virtually unknown except in certain disease states or in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition. Treatment is usually by the oral administration of up to 100 mmol of phosphate daily.
Approximately two-thirds of ingested phosphate is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, virtually all of it being excreted in the urine, and the remainder is excreted in the feces. Excessive administration of phosphate, particularly intravenously, rectally, or in patients with renal failure, can cause hyperphosphatemia that may lead to hypocalcemia or other severe electrolyte imbalances. Adverse effects occur less frequently following oral consumption, although phosphates act as mild saline laxatives when administered orally or rectally (2–4 g of monobasic sodium phosphate in an aqueous solution is used as a laxative). Consequently, gastrointestinal disturbances including diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting may occur following the use of monobasic sodium phosphate as an excipient in oral formulations. However, the level of monobasic sodium phosphate used as an excipient in a pharmaceutical formulation is not usually associated with adverse effects.
LD50 (rat, IM): 0.25 g/kg(10)
LD50 (rat, oral): 8.29 g/kg


Monobasic sodium phosphate is chemically stable, although it is slightly deliquescent. On heating at 100°C, the dihydrate loses all of its water of crystallization. On further heating, it melts with decomposition at 205℃, forming sodium hydrogen pyrophosphate, Na2H2P2O7. At 250℃ it leaves a final residue of sodium metaphosphate, NaPO3.
Aqueous solutions are stable and may be sterilized by autoclaving.
Monobasic sodium phosphate should be stored in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.

비 호환성

Monobasic sodium phosphate is an acid salt and is therefore generally incompatible with alkaline materials and carbonates; aqueous solutions of monobasic sodium phosphate are acidic and will cause carbonates to effervesce.
Monobasic sodium phosphate should not be administered concomitantly with aluminum, calcium, or magnesium salts since they bind phosphate and could impair its absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. Interaction between calcium and phosphate, leading to the formation of insoluble calcium phosphate precipitates, is possible in parenteral admixtures.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (injections; infusions; ophthalmic, oral, topical, and vaginal preparations). Included in nonparenteral and parenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

제일인산나트륨 수화물 준비 용품 및 원자재


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