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시클로스포린 A

시클로스포린 A
시클로스포린 A 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
시클로스포린 A
Cyclosporin A
CL285;Neoral;Cipol N;s7481f1;Atopica;ol27-400;Lo-27400;Restasis;Neoplanta;sandimmun
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

시클로스포린 A 속성

D20 -244° (c = 0.6 in chloroform); D20 -189° (c = 0.5 in methanol)
끓는 점
838.63°C (rough estimate)
0.9913 (rough estimate)
1.6500 (estimate)
저장 조건
ethanol: 30 mg/mL
물리적 상태
산도 계수 (pKa)
Soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide and ethanol. Insoluble in water.
CAS 데이터베이스
59865-13-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
1 (Vol. 50, 100A) 2012
Cyclosporin A (59865-13-3)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,Xn,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 45-60-22-40-36-20/21/22-11
안전지침서 53-45-36/37-24/25-22-26-16
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1648 3 / PGII
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 GZ4120000
HS 번호 29419090
유해 물질 데이터 59865-13-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in mice, rats, rabbits (mg/kg): 107, 25, >10 i.v.; 2329, 1480, >1000 orally (Ryffel)
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H362 모유를 먹는 아이에게 유해할 수 있음 생식독성 물질,수유 또는 수유기에 미치는 영향 추가 카테고리 P201, P260, P263, P264, P270,P308+P313
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P263 임신·수유 기간에는 접촉하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

시클로스포린 A MSDS

Cyclosporin A

시클로스포린 A C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


Cyclosporine A is a powerful immunosuppressive drug intended for preventing rejection of kidney, heart, and lung transplants. A new era in the development of immunopharmacology began with the discovery of cyclosporines. Cyclosporines are produced by mycelial mushrooms Tolypocladium inflatum, Tricoderma polysporum, and Cylindrocarpon lucidum, which are found in the ground.
Cyclosporine A is the first drug to affect a specific line of protecting cells of the body. Unlike usual cytotoxics, it suppresses T-cells and acts on all cell lines simultaneously. Cyclosporine A significantly eases the ‘reception’ of transplants, and increases the possibility of treating autoimmune system diseases.

화학적 성질

White or almost white powder

화학적 성질

White crystalline solid or powder.




An immunosuppressant that has revolutionized organ transplantation through its use in the prevention of graft rejection. A group of nonpolar cyclic oligopeptides with immunosupppressant activity.


prothrombogenic agent


Cyclosporin A is a hydrophobic cyclic peptide isolated from several fungal species including Cylindrocarpon, Fusarium, Trichoderma and Tolypocladium. Cyclosporin A inhibits T-cell activation and has been marketed since 1983 as an immunosuppressant in post-allogeneic organ transplant. Cyclosporin A acts by binding to the protein, cyclophilin (immunophilin), in T-lymphocytes causing inhibition of calcineurin (protein phosphatase 2B). Cyclosporin A reduces transcription of interleukin 2, and inhibits lymphokine production, interleukin release and NO synthesis induced by interleukin 1α, lipopolysaccharides and TNFα.


ChEBI: A cyclic nonribosomal peptide of eleven amino acids; an immunosuppressant drug widely used in post-allogeneic organ transplant to reduce the activity of the patient's immune system, and therefore the risk of organ rejection. Also causes reversible inhibiti n of immunocompetent lymphocytes in the G0- and G1-phase of the cell cycle.


Manufacturing Process

10 liters of a nutrient solution (of which each liter contains 30 g of sucrose, 10 g of corn steep, 3 g of NaNO3, 1 g of K2HPO4, 0.5 g of MgSO4·7H2O, 0.5 g of KCl and 0.01 g of FeSO4·7H2O) are inoculated with 100 cc of a conidia and mycelium suspension of the strain NRRL 5760, and incubation is effected in 700 cc penicillin flasks at 27°C for 11 days.
The mycelium, which has been separated from the culture liquid, is extracted in a Turrax apparatus by crushing and stirring with 3.5 liters of 90% methanol, and the crushed mycelium, which is separated from the solvent by filtering with suction, is again treated twice in the same manner with 90% methanol. The combined filtrates are concentrated by evaporation in a vacuum at a bath temperature of 40°C to such an extent that the vapor mainly consists of water alone. The resulting mixture is extracted six times with the same volume of ethylene chloride by shaking, whereupon the combined ethylene chloride solutions are purified by extraction with water and are concentrated by evaporation in a vacuum at a bath temperature of 40°C. The resulting residue is chromatographed on 250 g of silica gel (silica gel 60 Merck, grain size 0.063-0.200 mm), using chloroform containing 2% of methanol as eluant, and is collected in 200 cc fractions. The fractions which are antibiotically active against Aspergillus niger in the plate diffusion test are combined, evaporated to dryness as described above, and after dissolving in methanol are chromatographed on 110 g of Sephadex LH20 with the same solvent, whereupon those 20 cc fractions showing an antibiotic effect against Aspergillus niger in the test indicated above, are combined. A test in the thin layer chromatogram, e.g., with silica gel on Polygram foils and hexane/acetone (1:1) as eluant, indicates that the residue of the methanol solution evaporated as described above mainly consists of the two new antibiotics S 7481/F-1 and S 7481/F-2. These are separated and simultaneously purified by a further chromatography of the mixture thereof, using a 1,000-fold amount of silica gel on the above indicated quality and chloroform contains 2% of methanol. A testing of the eluate fractions having a volume in milliliters which is half as large as the weight of the silica gel in grams, in the thin layer chromatogram, indicates that the antibiotic S 7481/F- 1 appears first in the eluate, followed by a mixture of the two antibiotics and finally by homogeneous S748l/F-2.
Further amounts of the two antibiotics may be obtained from the mixture by repeating chromatography under the same conditions.


Gengraf (Abbott); Neoral (Novartis); Restasis (Allergan); Sandimmune (Novartis) [Names previously used: Cyclosporin A; Cyclosporin.].

Therapeutic Function


일반 설명

White prismatic needles (from acetone) or white powder.

공기와 물의 반응

Slightly water soluble .

반응 프로필

Cyclosporin A is an amide. Amides/imides react with azo and diazo compounds to generate toxic gases. Flammable gases are formed by the reaction of organic amides/imides with strong reducing agents. Amides are very weak bases (weaker than water). Imides are less basic yet and in fact react with strong bases to form salts. That is, they can react as acids. Mixing amides with dehydrating agents such as P2O5 or SOCl2 generates the corresponding nitrile. The combustion of these compounds generates mixed oxides of nitrogen (NOx).


SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to Cyclosporin A include hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, hyperkalemia, hyperuricemia, convulsions, renal dysfunction, tremor, hirsutism, hypertension, gum hyperplasia, cramps, acne, headache, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, paresthesia, flushing, leukopenia, lymphoma, sinusitis and gynecomastia. In 2% or less of persons exposed, it has caused allergic reactions, anemia, anorexia, confusion, conjunctivitis, edema, fever, brittle fingernails, gastritis, hearing loss, hiccups, hyperglycemia, muscle pain, peptic ulcer, thrombocytopenia and tinnitus. Rare reactions include anxiety, chest pain, constipation, depression, hair breaking hematuria, joint pain, lethargy, mouth sores, myocardial infarction, night sweats, pancreatitis, pruritus, swallowing difficulty, tingling, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, visual disturbance, weakness and weight loss. It has caused kidney and liver damage. An increased susceptibility to infection may occur. Other symptoms include gastrointestinal disturbance, rashes and angioedema.


Flash point data for Cyclosporin A are not available; however, Cyclosporin A is probably combustible.


Cyclosporine has no direct effect on keratinocytes and is not a mitotic inhibitor. Cyclosporine inhibits cytokine release, which results in a decreased recruitment of APCs into the epidermis and decreases immunoreactivity of lesions. Potential long-term side effects preclude cyclosporine’s use in all but very severe and recalcitrant psoriasis. Cyclosporine can be combined with lowdose methotrexate.


Cyclosporine’s main side effects, even at low doses, are hypertension and nephrotoxicity. Age, baseline blood pressure, and baseline creatinine levels are predictors of higher risks of side effects. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a more sensitive test than creatinine for evaluating renal function, and a baseline is recommended in any high-risk patient. Longterm treatment with CSA may induce interstitial fibrosis and glomerular sclerosis, with more pronounced changes directly associated with duration of therapy. It should be administered only by dermatologists experienced in its use.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen producing Hodghn's dlsease. Experimental reproductive effects. Poison by intraperitoneal and intravenous routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion. Human systemic effects by ingestion: increased body temperature, cyanosis. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx.

Chemical Synthesis

Cyclosporine A, [R-[R* ,R* -(E)]]-cyclo-(L-alanyl-D-alanyl-N-methyl-Lleucyl-N-methyl-L-leucyl-N-methyl-L-valyl-3-hydroxy-N,4-dimethyl-L-2-amino-6- octenoyl-L-α-aminobutyryl-N-methylglycyl-N-methyl-L-leucyl-L-valyl-N-methyl-L-leucine) (31.2.2), is extracted from a cultural liquid of products of the vital activity of the mushroom Tolypocladium inflatum [14–17], and which is also proposed to obtain synthetically.

잠재적 노출

Cyclosporin A is a fungal metabolite; an amide immunosuppressant drug used in various surgeries.


Cyclosporin A is known to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans.

운송 방법

UN3249 Medicine, solid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Amides/imides react with azo and diazo compounds to generate toxic gases. Flammable gases are formed by the reaction of organic amides/imides with strong reducing agents such as hydrideds and active metals. Amides are very weak bases (weaker than water). Imides are less basic yet and in fact react with strong bases to form salts. That is, they can react as acids. Mixing amides with dehydrating agents such as such as phosphorus pent- oxide or thionyl chloride generates the corresponding nitrile. The combustion of these compounds generates mixed oxides of nitrogen (NOx).

폐기물 처리

t is inappropriate and possibly dangerous to the environment to dispose of expired or waste drugs and pharmaceuticals by flushing them down the toilet or discarding them to the trash. Household quantities of expired or waste pharmaceuticals may be mixed with wet cat litter or coffee grounds, double-bagged in plastic, discard in trash. Larger quantities shall carefully take into consider- ation applicable DEA, EPA, and FDA regulations. If possi- ble return the pharmaceutical to the manufacturer for proper disposal being careful to properly label and securely package the material. Alternatively, the waste pharmaceutical shall be labeled, securely packaged, and transported by a state licensed medical waste contractor to dispose by burial in a licensed hazardous or toxic waste landfill or incinerator.

시클로스포린 A 준비 용품 및 원자재


준비 용품

시클로스포린 A 공급 업체

글로벌( 483)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 China 22607 55
+86 21 5161 9050/ 5187 7795
+86 21 5161 9052/ 5187 7796 CHINA 26782 60
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038 CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-0371-55982848 China 29953 58
Shanghai Arbor Chemical Co., Ltd.
021-60451683 CHINA 906 58
+86 18953170293
+86 0531-67809011 CHINA 2940 58
0086-13720134139 CHINA 968 58
Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd.
18482058008 18080483897 China 2712 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
Accela ChemBio Inc.
(+1)-858-876-1948 United States 19969 58

시클로스포린 A 관련 검색:

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