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포스포러스옥시클로라이드

포스포러스옥시클로라이드
포스포러스옥시클로라이드 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
10025-87-3
한글명:
포스포러스옥시클로라이드
동의어(한글):
염화포스포릴;인모노산화물트리염화물;인염화물산화물;인염화물산화물(POCL3);인트리염화물산화물;트리클로로인산화물;트리클로로포스핀산화물;포스포러스옥시클로라이드;포스포르염화물;포스포르트리염화물;포스포르옥시트리염화물;포스포릴염화물;포스포릴트리염화물;옥시염화인;포스포러스옥시클로라이드;산화염화 인;옥시염화 인;인 모노산화물 삼염화물;인 산화물 삼염화물;인 삼염화물 산화물
상품명:
Phosphorus oxychloride
동의어(영문):
OPCl3;POCl3;oxychloride;Fosforoxychlorid;Phosphorus oxychL;Phosphorylchlorid;fosforoxychloride;PHOSPHOROXYCHLORIDE;PHOSPHORYL CHLORIDE;Phosphoroxidchlorid
CBNumber:
CB5218244
분자식:
Cl3OP
포뮬러 무게:
153.33
MOL 파일:
10025-87-3.mol

포스포러스옥시클로라이드 속성

녹는점
1.25 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
107 °C
밀도
1.645 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
5.3 (vs air)
증기압
104 mm Hg ( 50 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.461
인화점
105.8°C
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
Phosphorus(V) oxychloride is soluble in many organic solvents.
물리적 상태
Liquid
Specific Gravity
1.692 (15/15℃)
색상
Colorless
냄새
Pungent odour
수소이온지수(pH)
1.0 (5g/l, H2O, 25℃)
수용성
reacts exothermically
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,7349
노출 한도
TLV-TWA0.628 mg/m3 (0.1 ppm)(ACGIH).
안정성
Stable. Reacts violently with water. Incompatible with many metals, alcohols, amines, phenol, DMSO, strong bases.
InChIKey
XHXFXVLFKHQFAL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
10025-87-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Phosphoryl chloride(10025-87-3)
EPA
Phosphorus oxychloride (10025-87-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 14-22-26-29-35-48/23-25
안전지침서 26-45-7/8-36/37/39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1810 8/PG 2
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 TH4897000
F 고인화성물질 19-21
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 II
HS 번호 28121020
유해 물질 데이터 10025-87-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-28728
유해화학물질 필터링 97-1-218
중점관리물질 필터링 별표1-143
사고대비 물질 필터링 54
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 옥시염화 인 및 이를 25% 이상 함유한 혼합물
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P320 긴급히 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
0
4 2

포스포러스옥시클로라이드 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

물성

안정적. 물과 격렬하게 반응합니다. 많은 금속, 알콜, 아민, 페놀, DMSO, 강염기와는 호환되지 않습니다.

용도

디 페닐 이소 옥틸 포스페이트 및 트리 에틸 포스페이트, 플라스틱 가소제, 유기 인계 농약 및 장시간 작용하는 술폰 아미드와 같은 포스 파 시드의 제조에 사용됩니다. 또한 염료 중간체, 염소화 제 및 촉매, 난연제의 유기 합성으로 사용할 수 있습니다. 태양 에너지 산업, 집적 회로, 분리 장치, 조립식 막대 및 기타 액체 인 공급원에서 전자 등급 tricloxane을 사용하여 인산염을 제조 할 수도 있습니다. 반도체 산업에서 주로 N 형 도핑 소스에 사용되며 0 ℃에서 반응 효과가 가장 좋습니다.

화학적 성질

Phosphorus oxychloride is a clear, colorless to yellow, fuming, oily liquid with a pungent and musty odor.

물리적 성질

Colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor; density 1.645 g/mL; freezes at 1°C; boils at 105.5°C; reacts with water and ethanol.

용도

Phosphorus oxychloride is used to produce hydraulic fluids, plasticizers, and fireretarding agents; as a chlorinating agent; and as a solvent in cryoscopy.

용도

Phosphorus oxychloride is an important intermediate in the production of triarylphosphate esters (e.g., triphenyl phosphate and tricresyl phosphate), which have been used as flame retardants and plasticizers for PVC. It is acutely toxic to the eyes, throat, and respiratory tract. Phosphorus oxychloride is also used in nuclear reprocessing, as chlorinating agent, especially to replace oxygen in organic compounds, as solvent in cryoscopy and the semiconductor industry.

용도

In the manufacture of pesticides, pharmaceuticals, plasticizers, gasoline additives, and hydraulic fluid.

제조 방법

Phosphorus oxychloride can be prepared from phosphorus trichloride or phosphorus pentachloride. It can be obtained from phosphorus trichloride by cautious addition of potassium chlorate:
3PCl3 + KClO3 → 3POCl3 + KCl
The oxychloride also is obtained by the action of boric acid or oxalic acid with phosphorus pentachloride:
3PCl5 + 2B(OH)3 → 3POCl3 + B2O3 + 6HCl
PCl5 + (COOH)2 → POCl3 + CO + CO2 + 2HCl
Phosphorus oxychloride also is made by heating calcium phosphate in a current of chlorine and carbon monoxide at 350°C:
2Ca3(PO42 + 9Cl2 + 6CO → 4POCl3 + 6CaCO3
Alternatively, heating a mixture of calcium phosphate and carbon in a current of chlorine at 750°C yields the oxychloride.

정의

A white crystalline solid. It is a monobasic acid forming the anion H2PO2 – in water. The sodium salt, and hence the acid, can be prepared by heating yellow phosphorus with sodium hydroxide solution. The free acid and its salts are powerful reducing agents.

일반 설명

A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Density 14.0 lb / gal. Very toxic by inhalation and corrosive to metals and tissue. Used in gasoline additives and hydraulic fluids.

반응 프로필

Phosphorus oxychloride is water reactive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, bases (including amines). May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291]. Combining the chloride with zinc dust caused immediate ignition, due to the formation of phosphine gas which ignites, [Mellor, 1940, Vol. 8, 1025]. An exotherm starting with the mixing of Phosphorus oxychloride with acetone (a ketone) lead to an explosion, may behave similarly with other ketones, [Organic Process Research and Development, Vol.4, No. 6,200, "Phosphorus oxychloride and Acetone: An Incompatibility Investigation Using ARC."]

위험도

The compound is highly irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Inhaling its vapors can cause pulmonary edema.

건강위험

Inhalation of vapors of phosphorus oxychloride produced acute and chronic toxicity in test subjects. In humans, exposure to its vapors may cause headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, coughing, chest pain, bronchitis, and pulmonary edema. Most of these symptoms are manifested from chronic exposure to its vapors.
LC50 value, inhalation (rats): 48 ppm (301 mg/m3)/4 h
Vapors of this compound are an irritant to the eyes and mucous membranes. The liquidis corrosive and can cause skin burns. An oral LD50 value for rats is documented to be 380 mg/kg (NIOSH 1986)..

화재위험

Poisonous, corrosive, and irritating gases are generated when Phosphorus oxychloride is heated or is in contact with water. Phosphorus oxychloride may ignite other combustible materials (wood, paper, oil, etc.). Phosphorus oxychloride reacts violently with water. When heated to decomposition, Phosphorus oxychloride emits toxic fumes of chlorides and oxides of phosphorus; Phosphorus oxychloride will react with water or steam to produce heat and toxic and corrosive fumes. Incompatible with carbon disulfide; N,N-dimethylformamide; 2,5-dimethylpyrrole; 2,6-dimethyl- pyridine N-oxide; dimethylsulfoxide; Ferrocene-1,1-dicarboxylic acid; water; and zinc. Do not store with combustible materials, particularly fibrous organic materials, or with electrical or other equipment that can be corroded. Reacts violently with moisture.

Safety Profile

Poison by inhalation and ingestion. A corrosive eye, skin, and mucous membrane irritant. Potentially explosive reaction with water evolves hydrogen chloride and phosphine, which then ignites. Explosive reaction with 2,6dimethylpyridine N-oxide, dimethyl sulfoxide, ferrocene1 ,l'-dicarboxylic acid, pyridne N-oxide (above bO'C), sodmm + heat. Violent reaction or ignition with BI3, carbon disulfide, 2,5-dimethyl pyrrole + dimethyl formamide, organic matter, zinc powder. Reacts with water or steam to produce heat and toxic and corrosive fumes. Incompatible with carbon disulfide, N,Ndimethyl-formamide, 2,5-dunethylpyrrole, 2,6-dimethylpyridine N-oxide, dimethylsulfoxide, ferrocene1 ,I-dicarboxylic acid, water, zinc. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cland POx

잠재적 노출

Phosphorus oxychloride is used in the manufacture of pesticides, pharmaceuticals, plasticizers, gasoline additives; and hydraulic fluids.

운송 방법

UN1810 Phosphorus oxychloride, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 8-Corrosive material, Hazard Zone B.

Purification Methods

Distil the liquid under reduced pressure to separate it from the bulk of the HCl and the phosphoric acid (from hydrolysis); the middle fraction is re-distilled into ampoules containing a little purified mercury. These ampoules are sealed and stored in the dark for 4-6weeks with occasional shaking to facilitate reaction of any free chloride with the mercury. The POCl3 is then again fractionally distilled and stored in sealed ampoules in the dark until required [Herber J Am Chem Soc 82 792 1960]. Lewis and Sowerby [J Chem Soc 336 1957] refluxed their distilled POCl3 with Na wire for 4hours, then removed the Na and again distilled. Use Na only with almost pure POCl3 to avoid explosions. HARMFUL VAPOURS; work in an efficient fume cupboard.

비 호환성

A powerful oxidizer. Violently decomposes in water, forming heat and hydrochloric and phosphoric acids. Violent reaction with alcohols, phenols, amines, reducing agents; combustible materials; carbon disulfide; dimethylformamide, and many other many materials. Rapid corrosion of metals, except nickel and lead.

폐기물 처리

Pour onto sodium bicarbonate. Spray with aqueous ammonia and add crushed ice. Neutralize and pour into drain with running water. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

포스포러스옥시클로라이드 준비 용품 및 원자재

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