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이산화염소(기체)

이산화염소(기체)
이산화염소(기체) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
10049-04-4
한글명:
이산화염소(기체)
동의어(한글):
이산화염소;과산화염소;이산화염소(기체);클로린다이옥사이드;이산화 염소
상품명:
Chlorine dioxide
동의어(영문):
ClO2;Alcide;o2Cl(.);doxcide50;(Oclo)(.);JUN-CLARE;Doxcide 50;alcide[qr];Chebi:29415;doxcide50[qr]
CBNumber:
CB5268845
분자식:
ClO2
포뮬러 무게:
67.45
MOL 파일:
10049-04-4.mol

이산화염소(기체) 속성

녹는점
-59°C
끓는 점
11°C
밀도
3.09g/L
물리적 상태
orange-green gas
수용성
Soluble ºC
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 0.1 ppm (0.3 mg/m3); (ACGIH, MSHA, OSHA, and NIOSH); TLV-STEL 0.3 ppm (ACGIH); IDLH 10 ppm (NIOSH).
안정성
May decompose explosively on shock, friction or concussion, or on heating rapidly. Strong oxidant - reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials, and with mercury, ammonia, sulphur and many organic compounds.
CAS 데이터베이스
10049-04-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Chlorine dioxide(10049-04-4)
EPA
Chlorine dioxide (10049-04-4)

안전

위험품 표기 O,T+,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 6-8-26-34-50
안전지침서 23-26-28-36/37/39-38-45-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 9191
유해 물질 데이터 10049-04-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
IDLA 5 ppm
기존화학 물질 KE-05487
유해화학물질 필터링 2013-1-669
사고대비 물질 필터링 55
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 이산화 염소 및 1% 이상 함유한 혼합물

이산화염소(기체) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Chlorine dioxide,CI02, is a yellow-reddish gas.It is a very effective bleaching and water treatment agent. Chlorine dioxide is preparedby the reaction of chlorine and sodium chlorite. It is quite unstable and is commonly prepared immediately before use.

물리적 성질

Yellow to red-yellow gas at room temperature; pungent chlorine-like odor; density 9.99 g/L at 11°C; liquefies to a reddish brown liquid at 11°C; liquid density 1.64 g/mL at 0°C; freezes at -59.5° C to red crystals (explodes); soluble in water, decomposes in hot water; soluble in alkalis and H2SO4.

용도

Chlorine Dioxide is a gas used in bleaching and aging flour. it acts on the flour almost instantly, resulting in improved color and dough properties. because usage levels are low, the bleaching action is limited.

정의

An orange gas formed by the action of concentrated sulfuric acid on potassium chlorate. It is a powerful oxidizing agent and its explosive properties in the presence of a reducing agent were used to make one of the first matches. It is widely used in the purification of water and as a bleach in the flour and wood-pulp industry. On an industrial scale an aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide is made by passing nitrogen dioxide up a tower packed with a fused mixture of aluminum oxide and clay, down which a solution of sodium chlorate flows.

제조 방법

Chlorine dioxide is prepared by passing nitrogen dioxide through sodium chlorate packed in a column:
NaClO3 + NO2 → NaNO3 + ClO2
Also, it may be prepared by the reaction of chlorine with sodium chlorite:
2NaClO2 + Cl2 → 2ClO2 + 2NaCl
Alternatively, it may be obtained by the treatment of sodium chlorate or potassium chlorate with sulfur dioxide and sulfuric acid:
2NaClO3 + SO2 + H2SO4 → 2ClO2 + 2 NaHSO4.

생산 방법

Chlorine dioxide is manufactured from the oxidation of chlorite or the reduction of chlorate. The latter method is used for large-volume production and is carried out in strongly acidic solution using reducing agents such as NaCl, HCl, sulfur dioxide, and methanol.

위험도

Explodes when heated or by reaction with organic materials. Very irritating to skin and mucous membranes. Lower respiratory tract irritant. Broncitis.

건강위험

Chlorine dioxide is highly irritating to theeyes, nose, and throat. Inhalation can causecoughing, wheezing, respiratory distress, andcongestion in the lungs. Its toxicity inhumans is moderate to high. Its irritanteffects in humans can be intense at a con centration level of 5 ppm in air. A concen tration of 19 ppm of the gas inside a bleachtank caused the death of one worker (Elkins 1959). The chronic toxicity signs are mainlydyspnea and asthmatic bronchitis, and in cer tain cases irritation of the gastrointestinaltract. Ingestion of the liquid may cause som nolence and respiratory stimulation.

화재위험

Nonflammable gas; however, it is highly reactive and a strong oxidizing agent. Chlo rine dioxide explodes violently upon heating, exposure to sunlight, contact with dust, or when subjected to a spark. Detonation occurs at concentrations above 10% in air in the presence of an energy source or catalyst. It undergoes violent reactions with organic matter; explosion occurs when the mixture is subjected to shock or a spark. It reacts spon taneously with sulfur or phosphorus, caus ing ignition and/or explosion. Liquid chlorine dioxide may explode violently when mixed with mercury, caustic potash, caustic soda, or many metal hydrides. The gas reacts explo sively with fluorine and with difluoroamine (Lawless and Smith 1968).

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by inhalation. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. An eye irritant. A powerful explosive sensitive to spark, impact, sunlight, or heating rapidly to 100℃. A powerful oxidzer. Concentrations of greater than 10% in air are explosive. Explodes on mixing with carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons (e.g., butadiene, ethane, ethylene, methane, propane), fluoramines (e.g., difluoramine, trifluoramine). Mtxtures with hydrogen explode with sparking or contact with platinum. Explodes on contact with mercury, potassium hydroxide, phosphorus pentachloride + chlorine. Ignites or explodes on contact with nonmetals (e.g., phosphorus, sulfur, sugar). Reacts violently with F2, NHF2. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes of HCl. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLORINE.

잠재적 노출

Chlorine dioxide is used in bleaching cellulose pulp; bleaching flour; water purification; as a liquid sterilizer in an ultrasonic cleaner.

운송 방법

UN/NA 9191 Chlorine dioxide, hydrate, frozen, Hazard class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, 6.1-Poison Inhalation. Explosive: It may only be shipped in the frozen state and then only by private or contract motor carrier.

비 호환성

Unstable in light. A powerful oxidizer. Chlorine dioxide gas is explosive at concentrations over 10% and can be ignited by almost any form of energy, including sunlight, heat (explosions can occur in air in temperature above 130C), or sparks, shock, friction, or concussion. This chemical reacts violently with dust, combustible materials; and reducing agents. Reacts violently with mercury, phosphorus, sulfur, and many compounds, causing fire and explosion hazard. Contact with water forms perchloric and hydrochloric acid. Corrosive to metals.

폐기물 처리

Use large volume of concentrated solution of ferrous salt or bisulfite solution as reducing agent. Then neutralize and flush to sewer with abundant water.

이산화염소(기체) 준비 용품 및 원자재

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