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클로르암부실

클로르암부실
클로르암부실 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
305-03-3
한글명:
클로르암부실
동의어(한글):
클로람부실;클로르암부실
상품명:
Chlorambucil
동의어(영문):
cb1348;CB 1348;Cb l348;Ecloril;Elcoril;elcorin;nsc3088;Leukeran;Leukoran;NSC 3088
CBNumber:
CB5270716
분자식:
C14H19Cl2NO2
포뮬러 무게:
304.21216
MOL 파일:
305-03-3.mol

클로르암부실 속성

녹는점
65-70 °C
밀도
1.2486 (rough estimate)
굴절률
1.6070 (estimate)
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
Practically insoluble in water, freely soluble in acetone and in ethanol (96 per cent).
물리적 상태
neat
산도 계수 (pKa)
pKa ~1.3(H2O) (Uncertain)
수용성
<0.01 g/100 mL at 22 ºC
최대 파장(λmax)
588nm(DMSO aq.)(lit.)
Merck
14,2073
BRN
999011
안정성
Stable, but may be light sensitive. Store cold. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
JCKYGMPEJWAADB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
305-03-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Chlorambucil(305-03-3)
EPA
Benzenebutanoic acid, 4-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]- (305-03-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 45-25-36/37/38
안전지침서 53-26-45
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 ES7525000
위험 등급 6.1(b)
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29224999
유해 물질 데이터 305-03-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 i.p. in rats: 58.2 mmole/kg (Ross)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

클로르암부실 MSDS


Chloroambucil

클로르암부실 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

beige powder

화학적 성질

Chlorambucil is a crystalline solid

용도

antineoplastic, alkylating agent

용도

Chlorambucil is a alkylating agent that is used as an chemotherapy drug in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Chlorambucil is also used to treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin's disease.

용도

Chlorambucil-d8 is the isotope labelled analogue of Chlorambucil (C324050), an alkylating agent that is used in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Chlorambucil is also used to treat non-Ho dgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin's disease.

용도

tranquilization aid

정의

ChEBI: A monocarboxylic acid that is butanoic acid substituted at position 4 by a 4-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]phenyl group. A chemotherapy drug that can be used in combination with the antibody obinutuzumab for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Indications

Chlorambucil (Leukeran) is an aromatic nitrogen mustard that is intermediate in chemical reactivity between mechlorethamine and melphalan. Its mechanisms of action and range of antitumor activity are similar to theirs. It is well absorbed orally, but detailed information concerning its metabolic fate in humans is lacking.
Chlorambucil is used primarily as daily palliative therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Waldenstr?om’s macroglobulinemia, myeloma, and other lymphomas.
Bone marrow toxicity is the major side effect of chlorambucil. Nausea is uncommon or mild, and hair loss does not occur. Chlorambucil shares the immunosuppressive, teratogenic, and carcinogenic properties of the nitrogen mustards.

상표명

Leukeran (GlaxoSmithKline.

일반 설명

White to pale beige crystalline or granular powder with a slight odor. Melting point 65-69°C.

일반 설명

Chlorambucil is available as 2-mg tablets for oral administrationin the treatment of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, andchronic lymphocytic leukemia in combination with prednisoneand as a single agent. The mechanisms of resistanceare the same as those seen for other agents of the class suchas mechlorethamine. The agent is well absorbed (75%) uponoral administration and highly protein bound. Metabolism ismediated by CYP and occurs extensively to give severalmetabolites, including the active phenylacetic acid–nitrogenmustard. The drug is eliminated via the kidneys with a terminalelimination half-life of 1.5 hours. Adverse effects includedose-limiting myelosuppression, which are seen asboth leucopenia and thrombocytopenia. Nausea and vomitingoccur less often than for mechlorethamine. Additionaladverse effects include hyperuricemia, azoospermia, amenorrhea,seizures, pulmonary fibrosis, and skin rash.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Chloroambucil is an alkylating agent. Reacts with proteins and a variety of nucleophilic compounds .

화재위험

Literature sources indicate that Chloroambucil is nonflammable.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen producing leukemia. Experimental carcinogenic and neoplastigenic data. Poison by ingestion, intravenous, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: convulsions, cough, dyspnea, and interstitial fibrosis. Human reproductive effects by ingestion and possibly other routes: changes in spermatogenesis, menstrual cycle changes or disorders, and teratogenic effects of the fetal urogenital system. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. An anti-neoplastic agent. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cland NOx.

잠재적 노출

Chlorambucil, an anticancer drug, is a derivative of nitrogen mustard. This drug is primarily used as an antineoplastic agent for treating lymphocytic leukemia; malignant lymphomas; follicular lymphoma; and Hodgkin’s disease. The treatments are not curative but do produce some marked remissions. Chlorambucil has also been tested for treatment of chronic hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis; and as an insect chemosterilant. All of the chemical used in this country is imported from the United Kingdom. Work exposure in the United States would be limited to workers formulating the tablets, or to those patients receiving the drug.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Chlorambucil may be useful in a variety of neoplastic diseases, including lymphocytic leukemia, multiple myeloma, polycythemia vera, macroglobulinemia, and ovarian adenocarcinoma. It may also be useful as adjunctive therapy for some immune-mediated conditions (e.g., glomerulonephritis, inflammatory bowel disease, nonerosive arthritis, or immune-mediated skin disease). It has found favor as a routine treatment for feline pemphigus foliaceous and severe feline eosinophilic granuloma complex due to the drug’s relative lack of toxicity in cats and efficacy.

Carcinogenicity

Chlorambucil is known to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans.

운송 방법

UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Chlorambucil is recrystallised from pet ether (flat needles) and has a solubility at 20o of 66% in EtOH, 40% in CHCl3, 50% in Me2CO but is insoluble in H2O [Everett et al. J Chem Soc 2386 1953]. [Beilstein 14 IV 1715.] CARCINOGEN.

비 호환성

Moisture. Chlorambucil is an alkylating agent. Reacts with proteins and a variety of nucleophilic compounds. Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water, and a salt that may beharmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, sulfides (releasing heat, toxic, and possibly flammable gases), thiosulfates, and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur).

폐기물 처리

It is inappropriate and possibly dangerous to the environment to dispose of expired or waste drugs and pharmaceuticals by flushing them down the toilet or discarding them to the trash. Household quantities of expired or waste pharmaceuticals may be mixed with wet cat litter or coffee grounds, double-bagged in plastic, discard in trash. Larger quantities shall carefully take into consideration applicable DEA, EPA, and FDA regulations. If possible return the pharmaceutical to the manufacturer for proper disposal being careful to properlylabel and securely package the material. Alternatively, the waste pharmaceutical shall be labeled, securely packaged, and transported by a state licensed medical waste contractor to dispose by burial in a licensed hazardous or toxic waste landfill or incinerator. Permanganate oxidation, high temperature incineration with scrubbing equipment, or microwave plasma treatment.

법규

Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
Any orally administered prescription drug for human use requires child-resistant packaging.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
Reportable quantity (RQ) = 10 lb.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Listed Hazardous Waste: Waste code for which the listing is based wholly or partly on the presence of chlorambucil = U035. Listed as a hazardous constituent of waste.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Chlorambucil is a prescription drug subject to labeling and other requirements.

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