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크롬(6+) 트리산화물

크롬(6+) 트리산화물
크롬(6+) 트리산화물 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1333-82-0
한글명:
크롬(6+) 트리산화물
동의어(한글):
크롬(VI)트리산화물(CHROMIUM(VI)TRIOXIDE)모노크롬트리산화물(MONOCHROMIUMTRIOXIDE)모노크롬산화물;무수크롬산;산화크롬;크로뮴무수물(크롬무수물);크롬트리산화물(CHROMIUMTRIOXIDE)크롬산;크롬(6+)트리산화물;크롬(VI)산화물(CHROMIUM(VI)OXIDE)크롬트리산화물;무수크롬;무수크롬산
상품명:
Chromium(VI) oxide
동의어(영문):
CrO3;Chromic;NA 1463;Chromtrioxid;chromia(cro3);Chrome bronze;CHROMERGE(TM);Chroomtrioxyde;anidridecromica;chromic(vi)acid
CBNumber:
CB5304358
분자식:
CrO3
포뮬러 무게:
99.99
MOL 파일:
1333-82-0.mol

크롬(6+) 트리산화물 속성

녹는점
196 °C (dec.)(lit.)
끓는 점
330 °C
밀도
2.7
인화점
250°C
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
1.667g/l
물리적 상태
macroporous
색상
Reddish-violet
Specific Gravity
2.7
수소이온지수(pH)
<1 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)
수용성
Highly soluble
어는점
170~172℃
감도
Hygroscopic
Merck
14,2235
안정성
Stable. Strong oxidizer. Reacts with most organic material in a violent and often explosive fashion. Moisture sensitive.
InChIKey
WGLPBDUCMAPZCE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
1333-82-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Chromium trioxide(1333-82-0)
EPA
Chromium oxide (CrO3)(1333-82-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 O,T+,N,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 45-46-9-24/25-26-35-42/43-48/23-50/53-62-8
안전지침서 53-45-60-61-36/37/39-28-26-22
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1463 5.1/PG 2
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 GB6650000
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 5.1
포장분류 II
HS 번호 28191000
유해 물질 데이터 1333-82-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 oral (rat) 80 mg/kg
PEL (OSHA) 0.1 mg (CrO3)/m3 (ceiling)
TLV-TWA (ACGIH) 0.05 mg (Cr)/m3
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H271 화재 또는 폭발을 일으킬 수 있음; 강산화제 산화성 액체;산화성 고체 구분 1 위험 P210, P220, P221, P280, P283,P306+P360, P371+P380+P375,P370+P378, P501
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H310 피부와 접촉하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 1,2 위험 P262, P264, P270, P280, P302+P350,P310, P322, P361, P363, P405, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H334 흡입 시 알레르기성 반응, 천식 또는 호흡 곤란 등을 일으킬 수 있음 호흡기 과민성 물질 구분 1 위험 P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H340 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P221 가연성 물질과 혼합되지 않도록 조치하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P283 방화복 또는 방열복을 입으시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P320 긴급히 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P371+P380+P375 대형 화재 시 폭발의 위험이 있으므로, 주변 지역의 사람을 대피시키고 거리를 유지하면서 불을 끄시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.

크롬(6+) 트리산화물 MSDS


Chromium trioxide

크롬(6+) 트리산화물 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Chromium trioxide is a dark-red crystalline substance. It is odorless

물리적 성질

Dark-red crystals, flakes or granular powder; bipyramidal prismatic system; density 2.70 g/cm3; melts at 197°C; decomposes on further heating; highly soluble in water, 61.7 g and 67 g/100 mL at 0°C and 100°C, respectively; soluble in sulfuric and nitric acids.

정의

ChEBI: A chromium oxide composed of a single chromium bound (oxidation state +6) to three oxygens; the acidic anhydride of chromic acid.

제조 방법

Chromium(VI) oxide is prepared by heating sodium dichromate dihydrate with a slight excess of sulfuric acid in a steel tank or cast iron container: Na2Cr2O7 + 2H2SO4 → 2CrO3 + 2NaHSO4 + H2O The temperature of the mixture is kept above the melting point of chromium(VI) oxide to evaporate water and separate the top layer of sodium bisulfate from the molten chromium(VI) oxide at the bottom. Temperature control and duration of heating is very crucial in the process. Temperatures over 197°C (melting point), or allowing the molten mass to stand for a longer time, may result in decomposition of the product.

정의

chromium trioxide: A redcompound, CrO3; rhombic; r.d. 2.70;m.p. 196°C. It can be made by carefuladdition of concentrated sulphuricacid to an ice-cooled concentratedaqueous solution of sodium dichromatewith stirring. The mixture isthen filtered through sintered glass,washed with nitric acid, then dried at120°C in a desiccator.
Chromium(VI) oxide is an extremelypowerful oxidizing agent,especially to organic matter; it immediatelyinflames ethanol. It is anacidic oxide and dissolves in water toform ‘chromic acid’, a powerful oxidizingagent and cleansing fluid forglassware. At 400°C, chromium(VI)oxide loses oxygen to givechromium(III) oxide.

공기와 물의 반응

Deliquescent. Water soluble, giving acidic solutions.

반응 프로필

CHROMIUM TRIOXIDE is a powerful oxidizing agent. Can react violently upon contact with reducing reagents, including organic matter, leading to ignition or explosion. Dangerously reactive with acetone, alcohols, alkali metals (sodium, potassium), ammonia, arsenic, dimethylformamide, hydrogen sulfide, phosphorus, peroxyformic acid, pyridine, selenium, sulfur, and many other chemicals [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 852]. Noncombustible but can accelerate the burning of combustible materials. Sufficient heat may be generated from the reaction with combustible materials to ignite the mass. Aqueous solutions corrode many metals rapidly. Often mixed with sulfuric acid to make "cleaning solution" for glass. Used cleaning solution in closed bottles may explode due to the build up of gaseous carbon dioxide arising from oxidation of organic impurities [Bryson, W. R., Chem. Brit., 1975, 11, p. 377].

건강위험

Toxic by ingestion. Inhalation of dust is toxic. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

건강위험

Chromium trioxide and other chromium(VI) salts are moderately toxic substances by ingestion; 1 to 15 g may be a fatal dose in humans. Ingestion of nonlethal doses of these compounds can cause stomach, liver, and kidney damage; symptoms may include clammy, cyanotic skin, sore throat, gastric burning, vomiting, and diarrhea. Chromic acid is irritating to the skin, and prolonged contact can cause ulceration. Inhalation of chromate dust or chromic acid mist can result in severe irritation of the nose, throat, bronchial tubes, and lungs and may cause coughing, labored breathing, and swelling of the larynx. Eye contact with chromium trioxide and its solutions can cause severe burns and possible loss of vision.
Occupational exposure to chromium(VI) compounds has been related to an increased risk of lung cancer. Several hexavalent compounds of chromium, including chromium trioxide, are listed in IARC Group 1 ("carcinogenic to humans") and are classified as "select carcinogens" under the criteria of the OSHA Laboratory Standard. Long-term exposure to chromium trioxide or chromium(VI) salts may cause ulceration of the respiratory system and skin. Exposure to chromium trioxide by inhalation or skin contact may lead to sensitization. Chromium trioxide has exhibited teratogenic activity in animal tests.

화재위험

Chromium trioxide is not combustible but is a strong oxidizing agent and can accelerate the burning rate of combustible materials. Contact with easily oxidized organic or other combustible materials (including paper and oil) may result in ignition, violent combustion, or explosion. The use of dry chemical, carbon dioxide, Halon, or water spray extinguishers is recommended for fires involving chromium (VI) compounds.

화재위험

These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some may burn rapidly. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

인화성 및 폭발성

Chromium trioxide is not combustible but is a strong oxidizing agent and can accelerate the burning rate of combustible materials. Contact with easily oxidized organic or other combustible materials (including paper and oil) may result in ignition, violent combustion, or explosion. The use of dry chemical, carbon dioxide, Halon, or water spray extinguishers is recommended for fires involving chromium (VI) compounds.

잠재적 노출

Chromium trioxide is used in plating and metal treatment, as a corrosion inhibitor; and as an oxidant; in aluminum anodizing, dye; ink, and paint manufacturing, tanning, engraving; and photography.

응급 처치

Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.

저장

Chromium trioxide should be handled in a fume hood to avoid the inhalation of dust, and impermeable gloves should be worn at all times to prevent skin contact. The practice of using chromate solutions to clean glassware should be avoided. Chromium trioxide should be stored in areas separated from readily oxidized materials.

운송 방법

UN1463 (anhydrous), Chromium trioxide, anhydrous, Chromium trioxide, anhydrous, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, 6.1-Poisonous materials, 8-Corrosive material. UN1755 (solution), Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Purification Methods

It separates when potassium or sodium dichromate are dissolved in conc H2SO4. Dry it in a vacuum desiccator over NaOH pellets. It is a hygroscopic, powerful oxidant and can ignite with organic compounds. It is a skin and pulmonary IRRITANT. [Keyes et al. Industrial Chemicals (Lowenheim & Moran eds.) 4th edn J. Wiley pp 270-274 1975.] CANCER SUSPECT.

비 호환성

Chromium trioxide is a strong oxidizer. The solution in water is a strong acid. Reacts violently with bases and is corrosive. Contact with reducing agents; fuels, organic chemicals, flammable and combustible materials, causing fire and explosion hazard. This chemical decomposes above 250C to chromic oxide and oxygen with increased fire hazard. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture.

폐기물 처리

Reduce to Cr(III). If material cannot be recovered and recycled, dispose of sludge in a chemical waste landfill.

크롬(6+) 트리산화물 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


크롬(6+) 트리산화물 공급 업체

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