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염화 n-부틸

염화 n-부틸
염화 n-부틸 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
109-69-3
한글명:
염화 n-부틸
동의어(한글):
N-뷰틸염화물;염화n-부틸;염화부틸;N-뷰틸염화물;N-뷰틸 클로라이드;1-클로로부테인;n-클로로뷰테인;n-프로필카비닐 염화물;n-프로필카비닐 클로라이드;뷰테인, 1-클로로-;뷰틸 염화물;뷰틸 클로라이드;클로로뷰테인
상품명:
1-Chlorobutane
동의어(영문):
n-C4H9Cl;Sure Shot;orobutane;NBC wormer;NCI-C06155;1-Chlorbutan;CHLOROBUTANE;1-Cholrobutane;1-Butylchlorid;1-chloro-butan
CBNumber:
CB5314609
분자식:
C4H9Cl
포뮬러 무게:
92.57
MOL 파일:
109-69-3.mol

염화 n-부틸 속성

녹는점
-123 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
77-78 °C (lit.)
밀도
0.886 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
증기 밀도
3.2 (vs air)
증기압
80.1 mm Hg ( 78.4 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.402(lit.)
인화점
-12 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
water: soluble0.11g/L at 20°C
물리적 상태
Viscous Liquid
색상
White to pink to light brown
냄새
Unpleasant odor
폭발한계
1.8-10.1%(V)
수용성
0.5 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck
14,1560
BRN
1730909
안정성
Stable. Highly flammable. Note low flash point and wide explosion limit range. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases.
InChIKey
VFWCMGCRMGJXDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
109-69-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Butane, 1-chloro-(109-69-3)
EPA
1-Chlorobutane (109-69-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F
위험 카페고리 넘버 11
안전지침서 9-16-29
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1127 3/PG 2
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 EJ6300000
F 고인화성물질 1-10
자연 발화 온도 860 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 3
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29031990
유해 물질 데이터 109-69-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 2.67 g/kg (Smyth)
기존화학 물질 KE-05561
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H303 삼키면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 5 P312
H304 삼켜서 기도로 유입되면 치명적일 수 있음 흡인 유해성물질 구분 1 위험
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H320 눈에 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2B 경고 P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P233 용기를 단단히 밀폐하시오. 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 보관하시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P241 폭발 방지용 장비[전기적/환기/조명/...]을(를) 사용하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P331 토하게 하지 마시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P235 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하고 저온으로 유지하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
3
1 0

염화 n-부틸 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

1-Chlorobutane is a highly flammable, clear, colorless liquid at standard temperature and pressure. The density is 0.886 g/cm3, which is lower than that of water. It does not react with water, is classified as highly flammable, but it is neither an oxidizer nor an explosive. However, vapors can form explosive mixtures with air. The substance self-ignites at 245℃.

용도

1-Chlorobutane is used as an intermediate for the production of other chemicals in the chemical industry.
1-chlorobutane is a common extraction solvent in the forensic toxicology arena. A benefit of 1-chlorobutane is that it is less dense than water and therefore settles above the aqueous layer.
As butylating agent in organic synthesis, e.g., in the manufacture of butyl cellulose.
1-chlorobutane will be halogenated to produce dichlorobutane using sulfuryl chloride via a free-radical chain reaction mechanism.

제조 방법

1-Chlorobutane is obtained by esterification of n-butanol with hydrogen chloride or hydrochloric acid at 100℃ either without a catalyst or utilizing the accelerating effect of zinc chloride, tripentylamine hydrochloride, or phosphorus pentachloride. n-Butyl chloride is also obtained, along with 2-chlorobutane, by the chlorination of butane over aluminum oxide at 200℃.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 87, p. 2500, 1965 DOI: 10.1021/ja01089a041
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 59, p. 4687, 1994 DOI: 10.1021/jo00095a054

일반 설명

A water white liquid with a sharp odor. Flash point 20°F. Boiling point 77-78°C (173°F). Density 7.5 lb / gal. Slightly soluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used in the manufacture of a variety of organic chemicals.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. May react with atmospheric moisture over prolonged periods of exposure. Slightly soluble in water.

반응 프로필

1-Chlorobutane is incompatible with oxidizing agents and strong bases. Reacts with aluminum powder, liquid oxygen, potassium and sodium . Emits phosgene gas when heated to decomposition,. Reacts with aluminum and magnesium. May be sensitive to heat.

위험도

Toxic on prolonged inhalation. Flammable, dangerous fire risk.

건강위험

1-Chlorobutane has a low acute toxicity by oral exposure. mildly irritating to the skin and eyes, liquid may cause rash due to removal of skin oils. Ingestion or skin absorbtion may cause intestinal upset, cramping, and central nervous system depression. 1- Chlorobutane is also not considered mutagenic, carcinogenic or toxic to reproduction.

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: May produce phosgene gas in fire

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Mutation data reported. See CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, ALIPHATIC. Skin and eye irritant. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Moderately explosive when exposed to flame. When heated to decomposition it emits hghly toxic fumes of phosgene and Cl-. To fight fire, use foam, COa, dry chemical. Incompatible with oxidizing materials

잠재적 노출

Butyl chloride is used as a solvent; as a medicine to control worms, and to make other chemicals

운송 방법

UN1127 Chlorobutanes require, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3—Flammable liquid

Purification Methods

Shake it repeatedly with conc H2SO4 (until no further colour develops in the acid), then wash it with water, aqueous NaHCO3 or Na2CO3, and more water. Dry it with CaCl2, or MgSO4 (then with P2O5 if desired), decant and fractionally distil it. Alternatively, a stream of oxygen continuing ca three times as long as is necessary to obtain the first coloration of starch iodide paper by the exit gas. After washing with NaHCO3 solution to hydrolyse ozonides and to remove the resulting organic acid, the liquid is dried and distilled [Chien & Willard J Am Chem Soc 75 6160 1953]. [Beilstein 1 IV 246.]

비 호환성

Vapor may form explosive mixture with air. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors. Water contact slowly forms hydrochloric acid. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, alkaline earth, and alkali metals; finely divided metal. Attacks metals in presence of moisture. Attacks some plastics, rubber, or coatings

폐기물 처리

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

염화 n-부틸 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


염화 n-부틸 공급 업체

글로벌( 324)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Yancheng Longshen Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86-18352073353 86-0515-88706880 86-18352073353
86-0515-88706880 sales@longshenchem.com CHINA 78 55
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22607 55
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+8618017249410 +86-021-57951555
+86-021-57951555 jack.li@time-chemicals.com CHINA 1365 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
008615858145714
+86-571-56059825 fandachem@gmail.com CHINA 8909 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
+86-0551-65418679
86-0551-65418697 info@tnjchem.com China 3000 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 29954 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58
Jinan Finer Chemical Co., Ltd
+8615508631887 +86-531-88989536
+86-531-88989539 sales@finerchem.com CHINA 1706 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6369 58
Xi'an Kono chem co., Ltd.,
13289246953 029-86107037
info@konochemical.com CHINA 3000 58

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