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나트륨 붕소수화물

나트륨 붕소수화물
나트륨 붕소수화물 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
16940-66-2
한글명:
나트륨 붕소수화물
동의어(한글):
나트륨붕소수화물;나트륨테트라히드로붕산염;나트륨히드로붕산염;나트륨보로하이드라이드;보로수소화나트륨;수소화붕소나트륨;테트라하이드로붕산나트륨,SBH;테트라하이드로붕산나트륨;보로수소화나트륨
상품명:
Sodium borohydride
동의어(영문):
AF;SBH;Rpn10;NaBH4;borol;BH4Na;VenPure;VenPure(R);hidkitexdf;VenPure? SF
CBNumber:
CB5322426
분자식:
BH4Na
포뮬러 무게:
37.83
MOL 파일:
16940-66-2.mol

나트륨 붕소수화물 속성

녹는점
>300 °C (dec.)(lit.)
끓는 점
500°C
밀도
1.035 g/mL at 25 °C
증기압
<1 hPa (25 °C)
인화점
158 °F
저장 조건
Store at RT.
물리적 상태
tablets
Specific Gravity
1.4
색상
White
수소이온지수(pH)
11 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
폭발한계
3.02%(V)
수용성
550 g/L (25 ºC)
감도
Hygroscopic
Merck
14,8592
안정성
Stability Stable, but reacts readily with water (reaction may be violent). Incompatible with water, oxidizing agents, carbon dioxide, hydrogen halides, acids, palladium, ruthenium and other metal salts, glass. Flammable solid. Air-sensitive.
InChIKey
YOQDYZUWIQVZSF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
16940-66-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Sodium tetrahydroborate(16940-66-2)
EPA
Borate(1-), tetrahydro-, sodium(16940-66-2)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,T,N,C,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 60-61-15-34-23/24/25-24/25-35-21/22-51/53-42/43-49-63-62-36/38-43-19-68-50/53
안전지침서 53-43-45-43A-36/37/39-26-22-50-36/37-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3129 4.3/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 ED3325000
F 고인화성물질 10-21
자연 발화 온도 220 °C
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 4.3
포장분류 I
HS 번호 28500090
유해 물질 데이터 16940-66-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 160 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 230 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H260 물과 접촉시 자연 발화성 인화성 가스를 발생시킴 물반응성 물질 및 혼합물 구분 1 위험 P223, P231+P232, P280, P335+ P334,P370+P378, P402+P404, P501
H261 물과 접촉시 인화성가스를 발생시킴 물반응성 물질 및 혼합물 구분 2
구분 3
위험
경고
P231+P232, P280, P370+P378,P402+P404, P501
H290 금속을 부식시킬 수 있음 금속 부식성물질 구분 1 경고 P234, P390, P404
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H313 피부와 접촉하면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 5 P312
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H334 흡입 시 알레르기성 반응, 천식 또는 호흡 곤란 등을 일으킬 수 있음 호흡기 과민성 물질 구분 1 위험 P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H341 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P223 물과 접촉하지 마시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P231+P232 불활성 기체 하에서 취급하고, 습기를 방지하시오.
P320 긴급히 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P402+P404 건조한 장소에 보관하시오. 밀폐된 용기에 보관하시오.

나트륨 붕소수화물 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

용도

주요 용도로는 인쇄 및 염색 산업의 매염제 및 표백 탈지제, 화학 산업의 과산화수소의 대체재, 세제원료로 사용한다.

화학적 성질

White solid

용도

Nanocrystalline superlattices in gold colloid solution have been prepared by ligand-induction using AuCl3 reduced with sodium borohydride.1 Nucleophilic addition of hydride ion from sodium borohydride is an inexpensive alternative method for the Baylis-Hillman reaction to form [E]-α-methylcinnamic acids.2

용도

Sodium Borohydride is used as a reagent in the reduction of amino acids and their derivatives. Also used in the catalysis of ammonia borane dehydrogenation.

용도

Reducing agent for aldehydes, ketones and Schiff bases in nonaqueous solvents. Also reduces acids, esters, acid chlorides, disulfides, nitriles, inorganic anions. Further used to generate diborane, as foaming agent, as scavenger for traces of aldehyde, ketones and peroxides in organic chemicals.

용도

It is used as an effective reducing agentin many organic synthetic reactions. As areducing agent, its action is milder to lithiumaluminum hydride, and it can be applied inthe aqueous phase.

일반 설명

Sodium borohydride is a white to grayish crystalline powder. Sodium borohydride is decomposed by water to form sodium hydroxide, a corrosive material, and hydrogen, a flammable gas. The heat of this reaction may be sufficient to ignite the hydrogen. The material itself is easily ignited and burns vigorously once ignited. Sodium borohydride is used to make other chemicals, treat waste water, and for many other uses.

공기와 물의 반응

Hydrolysis generates enough heat to ignite adjacent combustible material [Haz. Chem. Data 1966]. Dissolves in water with liberation of heat, may steam and spatter. Solution is basic (alkaline). Reaction of water with the borohydride liberates flammable hydrogen gas. Sodium borohydride burns in air [Lab. Gov. Chemist 1965].

반응 프로필

Sodium borohydride is a powerful reducing agent. A chemical base. Absorbs moisture readily forming caustic solution. which attacks aluminum and zinc. A violent polymerization of acetaldehyde results from the reactions of acetaldehyde with alkaline materials such as sodium hydroxide. Calcium oxide or sodium hydroxide react with phosphorus pentaoxide extremely violently when initiated by local heating [Mellor 8 Supp.3:406 (1971]. Using potassium hydroxide to dry impure tetrahydrofuran, which contains peroxides, may be hazardous. Explosions have occurred in the past. Sodium hydroxide behaves in a similar way as potassium hydroxide [NSC Newsletter, Chem. Soc. 1967]. Ignition occurs if a mixture of the hydride and sulfuric acid is not cooled. Contact of glycerol and Sodium borohydride leads to ignition, other glycols and methanol are exothermic but do not ignite.

위험도

Reacts with water to evolve hydrogen and sodium hydroxide. Flammable, dangerous fire risk. Store out of contact with moisture.

건강위험

It is mildly corrosive to skin. Oral intake orintravenous administration of the solid or itssolution produced high toxicity in animals.Ingestion of 160-mg/kg dose was lethal torats (NIOSH 1986).

건강위험

Solid irritates skin. If ingested can form large volume of gas and lead to a gas embolism.

화재위험

Behavior in Fire: Decomposes and produces highly flammable hydrogen gas.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. A strong alkali. A severe eye, skin, and mucous membrane irritant. Ignites in air above 288’C when exposed to spark. Potentially explosive reaction with aluminum chloride + bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether. Reacts with ruthenium salts to form a solid product which explodes when touched or on contact with water. Reacts to form dangerously explosive hydrogen gas on contact with alkali, water and other protic solvents (e.g., methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, phenol), aluminum chloride + bis(2methoxyethy1)ether. Reacts violently with anhydrous acids (e.g., sulfuric, phosphoric, fluorophosphoric) to form diborane. Violent exothermic reaction with dimethyl formamide has caused industrial explosions. Mixtures with sulfuric acid may ignite. Incompatible with palladium, diborane + bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether, polyglycols, dimethylacetamide, oxidizers, metal salts, finely divided metallic precipitates of cobalt, nickel, copper, iron, and possibly other metals. Emits flammable vapors on contact with acid fumes. Materials sensitive to polymerization under alkaline conditions, such as acrylonitrile, may polymerize upon contact with sodium borohydride. Avoid storage in glass containers. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NanO. See also HYDRIDES, BORON COMPOUNDS, and SODIUM COMPOUNDS.

Purification Methods

After adding NaBH4 (10g) to freshly distilled diglyme (120mL) in a dry three-necked flask fitted with a stirrer, nitrogen inlet and outlet, the mixture is stirred for 30minutes at 50o until almost all of the solid has dissolved. Stirring is stopped, and, after the solid has settled, the supernatant liquid is forced under N2 pressure through a sintered-glass filter into a dry flask. [The residue is centrifuged to obtain more of the solution which is added to the bulk.] The solution is cooled slowly to 0o and then decanted from the white needles that separated. The crystals are dried by evacuating for 4hours to give anhydrous NaBH4. Alternatively, after the filtration at 50o the solution is heated at 80o for 2hours to give a white precipitate of substantially anhydrous NaBH4 which is collected on a sintered-glass filter under N2, then evacuated at 60o for 2hours [Brown et al. J Am Chem Soc 77 6209 1955]. NaBH4 has also been crystallised from isopropylamine by dissolving it in the solvent at reflux, cooling, filtering and allowing the solution to stand in a filter flask connected to a Dry-ice/acetone trap. After most of the solvent has passed over into the cold trap, crystals are removed with forceps, washed with dry diethyl ether and dried under vacuum. [Kim & Itoh J Phys Chem 91 126 1987.] Somewhat less pure crystals were obtained more rapidly by using Soxhlet extraction with only a small amount of solvent and extracting for about 8hours. The crystals that formed in the flask are filtered off, then washed and dried as before. [Stockmayer et al. J Am Chem Soc 77 1980 1955.] Other solvents used for crystallisation include water and liquid ammonia.

폐기물 처리

It may be destroyed in several ways. Onemethod is as follows (Aldrich 1995). Thesolid or its solution is dissolved or diluted inlarge volume of water. Diluted acetic acid oracetone is then slowly added to this solutionin a well-ventilated area. Hydrogen generatedfrom decomposition of borohydride shouldbe carefully vented out. The pH is adjustedto 1. The solution is then allowed to stand forseveral hours. It is then neutralized to 7, andthe solution is then evaporated to dryness.The residue is then buried in a landfillsite approved for hazardous waste disposal.Sodium borohydride may be destroyed in thelaboratory by alternative methods mentionedfor other hydrides.

나트륨 붕소수화물 준비 용품 및 원자재

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