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글리시돌

글리시돌
글리시돌 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
556-52-5
한글명:
글리시돌
동의어(한글):
2,3-에폭시-1-프로판올;글리시돌;2,3-에폭시프로판-1-올
상품명:
Glycidol
동의어(영문):
EpiolOH;Glycide;lycidol;GLYCIDOL;NCI-C55549;dl-Glycidol;Glycidol96%;Glycidol 96%;(RS)-Glycidol;Glycidol ,97%
CBNumber:
CB5338946
분자식:
C3H6O2
포뮬러 무게:
74.08
MOL 파일:
556-52-5.mol

글리시돌 속성

녹는점
-54 °C
끓는 점
61-62 °C15 mm Hg(lit.)
밀도
1.117 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
2.15 (vs air)
증기압
0.9 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.433(lit.)
인화점
178 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
Soluble in acetone, alcohol, benzene, chloroform, and ether (Weast, 1986)
물리적 상태
Powder, Crystals or Chunks
색상
White to light yellow-beige
수용성
soluble
Merck
13,4503
BRN
383562
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 75 mg/m3 (25 ppm) (ACGIH); 150 mg/m3 (50 ppm) (OSHA); IDLH 500 ppm (NIOSH).
안정성
Stability Stable, but may explode on contact with strong acids, strong bases, heavy metals, heavy metal salts. May decompose on exposure to water or moist air.
InChIKey
CTKINSOISVBQLD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
556-52-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Glycidol(556-52-5)
EPA
Oxiranemethanol(556-52-5)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 45-60-21/22-23-36/37/38-68
안전지침서 53-45-36/37-26
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2810 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 UB4375000
F 고인화성물질 10-21
자연 발화 온도 780 °F
위험 참고 사항 Toxic
위험 등급 6.1(b)
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29109000
유해 물질 데이터 556-52-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 Acute oral LD50 for mice 431 mg/kg, rats 420 mg/kg (quoted, RTECS, 1985).
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H242 가열하면 화재를 일으킬 수 있음 자기반응성 물질 및 혼합물;유기과산화물 형식 C, D,형식 E, F
형식 G
위험
경고
P210, P220, P234, P280, P370+P378,P403+P235, P411, P420, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H341 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.

글리시돌 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless liquid

화학적 성질

Glycidol is a colorless liquid.

용도

Glycidol is used as a stabilizer for natural oilsand vinyl polymers, as a demulsifier, and asa leveling agent for dyes.

용도

Stabilizer in manufacturing of vinyl polymers; intermediate in synthesis of glycerol, glycidyl ethers, and amines; additive for oil and synthetic hydraulic fluids; epoxy resin diluent.

용도

An epoxide building block

정의

an epoxide

일반 설명

Odorless clear colorless liquid.

공기와 물의 반응

Sensitive to moisture.

반응 프로필

Glycidol is sensitive to moisture. Glycidol is also sensitive to light. Glycidol may polymerize if heated above room temperature. Glycidol may darken on storage. Stability studies of Glycidol stored for two week protected from light indicated definite decomposition at 140° F, and strongly indicated instability at 77° F. A solution of Glycidol in water was found to be unstable when stored at room temperature, even after one day in the dark. Glycidol is incompatible with strong oxidizers. Glycidol will undergo explosive decomposition in the presence of strong acids or bases, salts (such as aluminum chloride, iron(III)chloride or tin(IV) chloride) or metals (such as copper and zinc). Glycidol is also incompatible with nitrates. Glycidol will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

위험도

Toxic material. Probable carcinogen.

건강위험

Glycidol is an eye, lung, and skin irri-tant. The pure compound caused severebut reversible corneal injury in rabbit eyes(ACGIH 1986). Exposure to its vapor causedirritation of lung in mice, resulting in pneu-monitis. There is no evidence of any cumula-tive toxicity. From the limited toxicity data,it appears that the health hazard to humansfrom its exposure is, primarily, respiratoryirritation, stimulation of the central nervoussystem, and depression.
Glycidol is mutagenic, testing positive inthe histidine reversion–Ames test. There isno report of its carcinogenic action. Oraland intraperitoneal administration of gly-cidol in rats showed harmful effects onfertility.

화재위험

Glycidol is combustible.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with carcinogenic data reported. Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and sh contact. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. A skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. Animal experiments suggest somewhat lower toxicity than for related epoxy compounds. Readdy absorbed through the skin. Causes nervous excitation followed by depression. Explodes when heated or in the presence of strong acids,bases, metals (e.g., copper, zinc), and metal salts (e.g., aluminum chloride, iron(II1) chloride, tin(Iy chloride). When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes. See also DIGLYCIDYL ETHER.

잠재적 노출

Glycidol is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of glycerol, glycidyl ethers, esters, and amines.

Carcinogenicity

Glycidol is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.

환경귀착

Chemical/Physical. May hydrolyze in water forming glycerin (Lyman et al., 1982).

운송 방법

UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

[S(-)-isomer, § also available on polymer support, has b 49-50o/7mm, 66-67o/19mm, [ ] D -1 5o(neat)], [R(+)-isomer has b 56 -5 6 . 5o/11mm, d 4 1.117, n D 1.429, [ ] D +15o (neat)]. Purify glycidol by fractional distillation.

비 호환성

May form explosive mixture with air. Violent reaction with strong oxidizers, nitrates. Decomposes on contact (especially in the presence of heat) with strong acids, strong bases, water, metal salts, e.g., alu minum chloride, ferric chloride, and tin chloride), or metals (copper and zinc), causing fire and explosion hazard. Contact with barium, lithium, sodium, magnesium, and tita nium may cause polymerization. Attacks some plastics, rubber, and coatings.

폐기물 처리

Concentrated waste contain ing no peroxides: discharge liquid at a controlled rate near a pilot flame. Concentrated waste containing peroxides: perforation of a container of the waste from a safe distance followed by open burning.

법규

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
While this section accurately identifies OSHA’s legally enforceable PELs for this substance in 2010, specific PELs may not reflect the more current studies and may not adequately protect workers. Permissible exposure limit (PEL) = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3).

글리시돌 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

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