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1,3,5-트리옥세인

1,3,5-트리옥세인
1,3,5-트리옥세인 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
110-88-3
한글명:
1,3,5-트리옥세인
동의어(한글):
1,3,5-트라이옥세인;대칭구조-트리옥산;메타포름알데히드;트리옥산;트리포름올;1,3,5-트리옥산;1,3,5-트리옥세인;S-트리옥산;트리옥시메틸렌;1,3,5-트라이옥산;트라이옥시메틸렌
상품명:
1,3,5-trioxane
동의어(영문):
Trioxan;Trioxin;Trioxane;Aldeform;Marvosan;s-Trixane;s-Tioxane;S-TRIOXAN;TRIFORMOL;Paraformal
CBNumber:
CB5763739
분자식:
C3H6O3
포뮬러 무게:
90.08
MOL 파일:
110-88-3.mol

1,3,5-트리옥세인 속성

녹는점
59-62 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
112-115 °C
밀도
1.17
증기압
7.5 hPa (20 °C)
굴절률
1.4168 (estimate)
인화점
113 °F
저장 조건
Flammables area
용해도
221g/l
물리적 상태
Crystals or Crystalline Flakes
색상
Colorless to white
폭발한계
3.6-28.7%(V)
수용성
221 g/L (25 ºC)
승화점
115 ºC
Merck
14,9734
BRN
102769
InChIKey
BGJSXRVXTHVRSN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
110-88-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
1,3,5-Trioxane(110-88-3)
EPA
1,3,5-Trioxane(110-88-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-37-63
안전지침서 36/37-46
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1325 4.1/PG 2
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 YK0350000
자연 발화 온도 777 °F
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2912 50 00
위험 등급 4.1
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 110-88-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 8190 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 3980 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H228 인화성 고체 인화성 고체 구분 1
구분 2
위험
경고
P210, P240,P241, P280, P370+P378
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P281 요구되는 개인 보호구를 착용하시오
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

1,3,5-트리옥세인 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Trioxane is a most unusual chemical. It is an excellent solvent for many classes of materials. Concentrated aqueous solutions of trioxane have solvent properties which are not possessed by trioxane itself. Molten trioxane dissolves numerous organic compounds, such as naphthalene, urea, camphor, dichlorobenzene, etc. It is stable in alkaline or neutral solutions, yet it is depolymerized to formaldehyde by small amounts of strong acid or acid-forming materials, and the rate of depolymerization can be readily controlled.

화학적 성질

Paraformaldehyde is a white crystalline solid. Irritating odor. The term “trioxane” applies specifically to this trimer (CH2O)3 but paraformaldehyde is applied both to trioxane and other low polymers or oligomers of formaldehyde.

용도

1,3,5-Trioxane is used in organic chemical processes such as aldol condensation of amides and syntheses of chloromethyl esters or other plastics.

정의

ChEBI: A saturated organic heteromonocyclic parent that is cyclohexane in which the carbon atoms at positions 1, 3 and 5 are replaced by oxygen atoms.

일반 설명

Transparent crystals or white crystalline solid with a pleasant odor resembling the odor of chloroform. Melts at 62°C; boils at 115°C without polymerization. The cyclic trimer of formaldehyde.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Water soluble.

반응 프로필

s-Trioxane is stable under normal laboratory conditions but is unstable in the presence of acids, which initiate polymerization. Sublimes readily. May react with oxidizing matter . A stable polymeric product of formaldehyde that in the presence of strong aqueous acids will depolymerize (reforming the parent formaldehyde). Inert to strong alkalis. Readily converted in non aqueous solutions to the monomeric formaldehyde by small concentrations of acid---the rate of conversion is directly proportional to the concentration of the acid.

건강위험

ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: s-Trioxane is toxic and flammable. It can emit toxic fumes on contact with acid or acid fumes.

화재위험

s-Trioxane is combustible.

Safety Profile

Mutation data reported. Can evolve toxic formaldehyde fumes when heated strongly or in contact with strong acids or acid fumes. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidzers. May explode when heated. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Explodes on impact, possibly due to peroxide contamination. Mixtures with hydrogen peroxide are explosives sensitive to heat, shock, or contact with lead. Mixtures with liquid oxygen are highly explosive. Incompatible with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, or dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also FORMALDEHYDE.

잠재적 노출

Paraformaldehyde is used in polyacetal resin manufacture; as a food additive; and as an odorless fuel.

운송 방법

UN2213 Paraformaldehyde, Hazard Class: 4.1; Labels: 4.1-Flammable solid.

Purification Methods

Crystallise 1,3,4-trioxane from sodium-dried diethyl ether or water, and dry it over CaCl2. It can also be purified by zone refining. [Beilstein 19 H 381, 19 II 392, 19 III/IV 4710, 19/9 V 103.]

비 호환성

Paraformaldehyde dust forms an explosive mixture with air. Decomposes on contact with oxidizers, strong acids; acid fumes; and bases; with elevated temperatures, forming formaldehyde. May explode when heated. May explode on impact if peroxide contamination develops. Mixtures with hydrogen peroxide or liquid oxygen are explosives sensitive to heat, shock, or contact with lead.

폐기물 처리

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

1,3,5-트리옥세인 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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