ChemicalBook
Chinese English Japanese Germany Korea

피페라진

피페라진
피페라진 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
110-85-0
한글명:
피페라진
동의어(한글):
피페라진;피페라진,무수;피페라진,무수;1,4-피페라진;1,4-다이아자사이클로헥세인;1,4-다이에틸렌다이아민;피라진 헥사하이드라이드;피라진, 헥사하이드로-;헥사하이드로피라진
상품명:
Piperazine
동의어(영문):
Upixon;Uvilon;Vermex;Antepan;Antiren;Eraverm;Pipersol;Worm-away;Lumbrical;Piperazin
CBNumber:
CB5852824
분자식:
C4H10N2
포뮬러 무게:
86.14
MOL 파일:
110-85-0.mol

피페라진 속성

녹는점
109-112 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
146 °C
밀도
1,1 g/cm3
증기압
0.8 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
FEMA
4250 | PIPERAZINE
굴절률
1.4460
인화점
65 °C
저장 조건
Store in dark!
용해도
H2O: 0.1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
산도 계수 (pKa)
9.83(at 23℃)
물리적 상태
Crystalline Flakes
색상
White to slightly yellow
수소이온지수(pH)
11.0-12.5 (25℃, 0.1M in H2O)
폭발한계
14%
수용성
150 g/L (20 ºC)
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.035
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.010
감도
Air Sensitive & Hygroscopic
JECFA Number
1615
Merck
14,7464
BRN
102555
안정성
Stable. Hygroscopic. Light sensitive. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
GLUUGHFHXGJENI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
110-85-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Piperazine(110-85-0)
EPA
Piperazine (110-85-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 34-42/43-52/53-62-52-63
안전지침서 22-26-36/37/39-45-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2579 8/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 TK7800000
F 고인화성물질 3-8-23
위험 참고 사항 Harmful/Corrosive
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2933 59 95
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 110-85-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 2600 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 8300 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H334 흡입 시 알레르기성 반응, 천식 또는 호흡 곤란 등을 일으킬 수 있음 호흡기 과민성 물질 구분 1 위험 P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
2
3 0

피페라진 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Piperazine is contained in pyrazinobutazone, an equimolecular sah of piperazine and phenylbutazone. Among occupational cases, most were reported in the pharmaceutical industry or laboratory, in nurses and in veterinarians.

화학적 성질

Colorless to yellow solid; salty taste.

화학적 성질

Piperazine is white to cream-colored needles or powder. Characteristic ammonia-like odor. Combustible solids that do not easily ignite.

용도

Labelled Piperazine

용도

keratolytic, antiseborheic

용도

Piperazine is used as an intermediate in themanufacture of dyes, pharmaceuticals, polymers,surfactants, and rubber accelerators.

Indications

Piperazine (Vermizine) contains a heterocyclic ring that lacks a carboxyl group. It acts on the musculature of the helminths to cause reversible flaccid paralysis mediated by chloride-dependent hyperpolarization of the muscle membrane. This results in expulsion of the worm. Piperazine acts as an agonist at gated chloride channels on the parasite muscle.
Piperazine has been used with success to treat A. lumbricoides and E. vermicularis infections, although mebendazole is now the agent of choice. Piperazine is administered orally and is readily absorbed from the intestinal tract. Most of the drug is excreted in the urine within 24 hours.
Piperazine is an appropriate alternative to mebendazole for the treatment of ascariasis, especially in the presence of intestinal or biliary obstruction. Cure rates of more than 80% are obtained following a 2-day regimen.
Side effects occasionally include gastrointestinal distress, urticaria, and dizziness. Neurological symptoms of ataxia, hypotonia, visual disturbances, and exacerbations of epilepsy can occur in patients with preexisting renal insufficiency. It should not be used in pregnant women because of the formation of a potentially carcinogenic and teratogenic nitrosamine metabolite. Concomitant use of piperazine and chlorpromazine or pyrantel should be avoided.

정의

ChEBI: An azacycloalkane that consists of a six-membered ring containing two nitrogen atoms at opposite positions.

상표명

Pincets (Marion Merrell Dow); Pinsirup (Marion Merrell Dow);Adelmintex;Adipalis;Adipalit;Adiver;Ancaris thenium;Ancazine;Antelmina;Antepar (b-w);Anterobius;Anthalazine;Anthelmina;Anticucs;Antivermine;Ascalix;Ascarinex;Ascarivet;Asca-trol no.3;Asepar;Askaripar;Averamexan;Bel-zine;Bioxurin;B-piperazine;Brirel;Candizine;Carudol;Ciperazin;Citrazine;Coopane;Dak;Demovermil;Diatesurico;Dicevermin;Digesan;Dilaurazine;Dispermin;Diurazina;Dowzene;Ecosan;Endorid;Entazin;Equizole-a;Escovermin;Esteropipate;Etaphylline (acetyllinate);Gentiazina;Glycopiparsol;Heksapar;Helmacid;Helmezin;Helmicide;Helmifren;Helmipar;Helmirazine (adipate);Helmirazine (citrate);Helmitin;Helmizin;Herb royal round worm treatment;Hexanthelin;Ismiverm;Janes liquid permifu;Jarabe neox;Jetsan supp. (adipate);Justalmin;Kennel-maid;Kihomato;Kontipar;Lamboxil;Lombricida tropico;Lombrifher;Lombrikal;Lombrimade;Mapiprin;Maskito;Noxiurotan;Ogen;Okuside;Optiverm;Oxiril syrup (hydrate);Oxiuran (hydrate);Oxiurasin;Oxiustip elix;Oxivermin;Oxizin;Oxucid;Oxuril;Oxypip;Oxyzin;P.c. (citrate);Padrax;Paravermin;Pariamate;Par-tega;Perin;Piavermit;Pincide;Pipan;Pip-a-ray;Pipenin;Piperacid;Piperamicin;Piperascat;Piperaskat;Piperate;Piperaverm;Piperazinal;Piperazine (adipate);Pipercrean;Piperex;Piperiod;Piperital od;Piperitol;Piper-jodina;Piperol fort;Piperone;Piperoverm;Pipertox;Piperver;Piperzinal;Pipeverm;Pipezol;Pipizan citrate;Pipracid;Piprazid;Piprazyl;Pipricide;Piptelate;Piverma;Polo-verm;Polyquil;Pripsen;Provtovermil;Razinol;Rondelim;Rondoxyl;Santoban;Siropar;Supraverm;Taenifigin;Teniver;Tivazine;Toxocan;Uricida;Uridina;Uroclear (hexamine);Urodan (phosphate);Urosolvina;Uvilon syrup (hydrate);Vanpar (hydrate);Veripar;Vermazine;Vermenter;Vermicompren;Vermidol;Vermifug;Vermilass;Vermipan;Vermiphsarmette;Vermiquimpe;Vermiquimyc;Vermisit;Vermitox;Vermofrik;Verocid;Wairmex;Wurmex;Wurmsirup siegfried Multifuge;Multifuj;Nea-vermiol;Nemafugan;Nemasin;Nematocton;Nematorazine;Neo-ifusa;.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Piperazine was first used as a treatment for gout earlier this century and its anthelminthic activity was discovered in 1949. It is also considerably cheaper than other anthelminthic drugs. In some countries where ascariasis is not endemic and where piperazine was used predominantly for the treatment of pinworm it has been withdrawn from use on the grounds that other more effective and less toxic drugs are now available (see full list). In other such countries, however, piperazine remains available in over-the-counter preparations. Clinical dosages occasionally induce transient neurological signs and concern has been expressed that in some circumstances the drug may generate small amounts of nitrosamine in the stomach. However, it is widely considered that these trace doses are unlikely to give rise to a significant carcinogenic potential. (Reference: (WHODIB) WHO Drug Information Bulletin, 1: 5, , 1983)

일반 설명

Needle-like white or colorless crystals. Shipped as a solid or suspended in a liquid medium. Very corrosive to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Solid turns dark when exposed to light. Flash point 190°F. Used as a corrosion inhibitor and as an insecticide.

공기와 물의 반응

Flammable. Absorbs water and carbon dioxide from air. Soluble in water.

반응 프로필

1,4-Diazacyclohexane neutralizes acids in exothermic reactions to form salts plus water. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Absorbs carbon dioxide from the air, which can cause dry crystals to seem to melt. May generate hydrogen, a flammable gas, in combination with strong reducing agents such as hydrides. 1,4-Diazacyclohexane is sensitive to light; 1,4-Diazacyclohexane absorbs water and carbon dioxide from air. 1,4-Diazacyclohexane may be corrosive to aluminum, magnesium and zinc. .

건강위험

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

건강위험

Piperazine is a corrosive substance. The solidand its concentrated aqueous solutions areirritants to the skin and eyes. The irritanteffect in rabbits’ eyes was severe.
The toxic symptoms from ingestion ofpiperazine include nausea, vomiting, excitement,change in motor activity, somnolence,and muscle contraction. The toxicity of thiscompound is low, however. The oral LD50value in rats is 1900 mg/kg. The inhalationtoxicity is very low. The inhalation LC50value in mice is 5400 mg/m3/2 h.

화재위험

Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors and sewers explosion hazards. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways. Substance may be transported in a molten form.

Pharmaceutical Applications

A synthetic chemical, most commonly formulated as the citrate, but also available as the adipate, edetate calcium and tartrate salts.

색상 색인 번호

Piperazine is contained in pyrazinobutazone, an equimolar salt of piperazine and phenylbutazone. Among occupational cases, most were reported in the pharmaceutical industry or laboratory workers, in nurses, and in veterinarians.

Pharmacokinetics

Activity against intestinal worms requires that a substantial amount remains in the gut. However, after oral administration a variable amount is rapidly absorbed from the small intestine and subsequently excreted in the urine. Its half-life is extremely variable.

Clinical Use

Hexahydropyrazine or diethylenediamine (Arthriticine,Dispermin) occurs as colorless, volatile crystals of the hexahydratethat are freely soluble in water. After the discoveryof the anthelmintic properties of a derivative diethylcarbamazine,the activity of piperazine itself was established.Piperazine is still used as an anthelmintic for the treatmentof pinworm (Enterobius [Oxyuris] vermicularis) and roundworm(Ascaris lumbricoides) infestations. It is available invarious salt forms, including the citrate (official in the USP)in syrup and tablet forms. Piperazine blocks the response of the ascaris muscleto acetylcholine, causing flaccid paralysis in the worm,which is dislodged from the intestinal wall and expelled inthe feces.

Clinical Use

Ascariasis
Pinworm

부작용

Some people develop hypersensitivity, requiring cessation of treatment. Transient, mild gastrointestinal or neurological symptoms may occur.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion, skin contact, intravenous, and subcutaneous routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. A skin and severe eye irritant. Excessive absorption can cause urticaria, vomiting, diarrhea, blurred vision, and weakness. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Explodes on contact with dicyanofurazan. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, mist, dry chemical, water spray. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of NOx.

잠재적 노출

(Piperazine): Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction),

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Piperazine is used for the treatment of ascarids in dogs, cats, horses, swine and poultry. Piperazine is considered safe to use in animals with concurrent gastroenteritis and during pregnancy.

Carcinogenicity

No increase in lung adenomas was produced in mice administered 0.69–18.75mg of piperazine/ kg in drinking water for 20–25 weeks and sacrificed 10–13 weeks later. Mice fed the equivalent of 938 mg/kg in the diet for 28 weeks and sacrificed at 40 weeks failed to show any significant increase in the incidence of lung adenomas. An increase in lung adenomas was produced in this bioassay by administration of piperazine together with sodium nitrate, suggesting the formation of the active nitroso derivative. Sodium ascorbate inhibited tumor formation, in theory, by preventing piperazine nitrosation (304). Coadministration of 250 ppm piperazine and 500 ppm sodium nitrate in drinking water did not produce tumors in rats. None of these studies were conducted using currently accepted methods for evaluating carcinogenic potential but piperazine alone, in these assays, was noncarcinogenic.

운송 방법

UN2579 Piperazine, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Purification Methods

Piperazine crystallises from EtOH or anhydrous *benzene and is dried at 0.01mm. It can be sublimed under vacuum and purified by zone melting. The hydrochloride has m 172-174o (from EtOH), and the dihydrochloride crystallises from aqueous EtOH and has m 318-320o (dec, sublimes at 295-315o). The picrate has m ~200o, and the picrolonate crystallises from dimethylformamide ( m 259-261o). [Beilstein 23 H 4, 23 I 4, 23 II 3, 23 III/IV 15, 23/1 V 30.]

비 호환성

Aqueous solution is a strong base. Violent reaction with strong oxidizers and dicyanofurazan. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, nitrogen compounds, carbon tetrachloride. Attacks aluminum, copper, nickel, magnesium and zinc.

피페라진 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


피페라진 공급 업체

글로벌( 364)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 2754 55
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86(0)13336195806 +86-571-85586718
+86-571-85864795 sales@capotchem.com China 19929 60
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22625 55
Hubei XinRunde Chemical Co., Ltd.
+8615102730682
02783214688 bruce@xrdchem.cn CHINA 568 55
Jiangsu Qingquan Chemical Co., Ltd.
+86-571-86589381/86589382/86589383
lyy@qqpharm.com sales1@qqpharm.com CHINA 154 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 30039 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28231 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 10132 58
QUALITY CONTROL CHEMICALS INC.
(323) 306-3136
(626) 453-0409 orders@qcchemical.com United States 8406 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6371 58

피페라진 관련 검색:

Copyright 2019 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved