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4-아미노페놀 구조식 이미지
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4-아미노페놀 속성

188 °C
끓는 점
284 °C
0.4 hPa (110 °C)
1.5444 (estimate)
189 °C
저장 조건
water: slightly soluble
물리적 상태
Crystalline Powder
산도 계수 (pKa)
5.48, 10.30(at 25℃)
White to cream
1.5 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Air & Light Sensitive
284 °C
Stable, though may discolour in air. Incompatible with acids, chloroformates, strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
123-30-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
Phenol, 4-amino-(123-30-8)
p-Aminophenol (123-30-8)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 20/22-50/53-68-40-R68-R50/53-R20/22
안전지침서 28-36/37-60-61-28A-S61-S60-S36/37-S28A
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2512 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 SJ5075000
F 고인화성물질 8
자연 발화 온도 >250 °C
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 III
HS 번호 28402090
HS 번호 29222900
유해 물질 데이터 123-30-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 375 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 10000 mg/kg
기존화학 물질 KE-01529
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H320 눈에 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2B 경고 P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H334 흡입 시 알레르기성 반응, 천식 또는 호흡 곤란 등을 일으킬 수 있음 호흡기 과민성 물질 구분 1 위험 P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H341 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P272 작업장 밖으로 오염된 의복을 반출하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P281 요구되는 개인 보호구를 착용하시오
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P302+P352 피부에 묻으면 다량의 물로 씻으시오.
P307+P311 노출된 경우,독성 물질 센터 또는 의사에게 전화하기
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
4 0

4-아미노페놀 MSDS


4-아미노페놀 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


4-Aminophenol (4-Hydroxyaniline) is an organic building block. Its quantification in water samples upto the detection limit of 8×10-10mol l-1 has been proposed by employing single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)-nafion film coated glassy carbon electrodes. It is present as the main contaminant in pharmaceutical formulations of paracetamol. High-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with amperometric detection has been reported for its determination in various analgesic formulations. It has been reported to be formed from the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (Nip) under metal-free conditions catalyzed by N-doped graphene (NG).

화학적 성질

o-Aminophenol appears as colorless needles or as white crystalline substance turning tan to brown on exposure to air.

화학적 성질

Off white granular powder


Nephrotoxic metabolite of Acetaminophen (A161220) and Phenacetin (P294580).


4-Aminophenol is suitable for use in the synthesis of 2,2-bis(4-aminophenoxy) benzonitrile [4-APBN], a monomer required for the preparation of series of polyamides and poly(amide-imide)s. It may be used as derivatization reagent to improve the ionization of aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes by paper spray ionization mass spectrometry.


photographic developer; intermediate in the manufacture of sulfur and azo dyes; dyeing textiles, hair, fur and feathers; pharmaceuticals; antioxidants; oil additives


ChEBI: An amino phenol (one of the three possible isomers) which has the single amino substituent located para to the phenolic -OH group.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Synthesis, p. 285, 1971
Tetrahedron Letters, 34, p. 2441, 1993 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)60436-7

일반 설명

White or reddish-yellow crystals or light brown powder. Turns violet when exposed to light.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Heat (decomposition forming HCN, nitrous vapors, CO); water (CO2); reacts violently with acids, bases, alcohols and amines causing fire and explosion hazards [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980 p. 647].


p-Aminophenol is of moderately low toxicity but has caused dermal sensitization and kidney injury; the potential for producing methemoglobin is of relatively minor importance.
The oral LD50 in rats was 671 mg/kg.1 Effects included central nervous system depression. A solution of 2.5% applied to abraded skin of rabbits was a mild irritant.1 p- Aminophenol caused dermal sensitization in guinea pigs, and skin sensitization has been reported in humans.2,3 The dermal LD50 in rabbits was greater than 8 g/kg, which strongly suggests that absorption through the skin is minimal.4 Single nonlethal acute doses in rats produced proximal renal tubular necrosis of the pars recta.


Flash point data are not available for 4-Aminophenol. 4-Aminophenol is probably combustible.

색상 색인 번호

This hair dye is frequently implicated in contact dermatitis in hairdressers, customers, or people sensitized to para-phenylenediamine, by the way of “blackhenna” temporary tattoos.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. An allergen and skin and eye irritant. Mutation data reported. Can cause contact dermatitis, bronchial asthma, and methemoglobinemia with cyanosis. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx,.

잠재적 노출

Workers may be exposed to oAminophenol during its use as a chemical intermediate; in the manufacture of azo and sulfur dyes; and in the photographic industry. There is potential for consumer exposure to o-Aminophenol because of its use in dyeing hair, fur, and leather. The compound is a constituent of 75 registered cosmetic products suggesting the potential for widespread consumer exposure. p-Aminophenol is used mainly as a dye, dye intermediate and as a photographic developer; and in small quantities in analgesic drug preparation. Consumer exposure to p-aminophenol may occur from use as a hairdye or as a component in cosmetic preparations. mAminophenol is used mainly as a dye intermediate

운송 방법

UN2512 Aminophenols (o-; m-; p-), Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from EtOH, then water, excluding oxygen. It sublimes at 110o/0.3mm. It has been purified by chromatography on alumina with a 1:4 (v/v) mixture of absolute EtOH/*benzene as eluent. [Beilstein 13 IV 1014.]

비 호환성

These phenol/cresol materials can react with oxidizers; reaction may be violent. Incompatible with strong reducing substances such as alkali metals, hydrides, nitrides, and sulfides. Flammable gas (H2) may be generated, and the heat of the reaction may cause the gas to ignite and explode. Heat may be generated by the acidbase reaction with bases; such heating may initiate polymerization of the organic compound. Reacts with boranes, alkalies, aliphatic amines, amides, nitric acid, sulfuric acid. Phenols are sulfonated very readily (e.g., by concentrated sulfuric acid at room temperature). These reactions generate heat. Phenols are also nitrated very rapidly, even by dilute nitric acid and can explode when heated. Many phenols form metal salts that may be detonated by mild shock.

폐기물 처리

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

4-아미노페놀 준비 용품 및 원자재


준비 용품

4-아미노페놀 공급 업체

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Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
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Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
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Anhui Royal Chemical Co., Ltd.
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career henan chemical co
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+86-531-88989539 CHINA 1714 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282 China 5930 58

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