ChemicalBook
Chinese English Japanese Germany Korea

삼염화 인

삼염화 인
삼염화 인 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7719-12-2
한글명:
삼염화 인
동의어(한글):
삼염화인;포스포러스트리클로라이드;포스포러스트리클로라이드;삼염화 인;염화인;염화인(III);트라이클로로포스핀
상품명:
Phosphorus trichloride
동의어(영문):
PICl;PCl3;Fosfortrichloride;Phosphortrichlorid;trichloro-phosphin;Trichlorophosphine;trojchlorekfosforu;trichlorophosphane;phosphorouschloride;Trojchlorek fosforu
CBNumber:
CB6459046
분자식:
Cl3P
포뮬러 무게:
137.33
MOL 파일:
7719-12-2.mol

삼염화 인 속성

녹는점
-112 °C
끓는 점
74-78 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.574 g/mL at 25 °C
증기 밀도
4.75 (vs air)
증기압
23.32 psi ( 55 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.5148(lit.)
인화점
76°C
저장 조건
Store at RT.
용해도
Soluble in benzene, carbon sulfide, ether, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride.
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Yellow
Specific Gravity
approximate 1.6
냄새
Pungent, irritating odor
pH 범위
1
수용성
reacts
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,7358
BRN
969177
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 1.12 mg/m3 (0.2 ppm) (ACGIH), 2.8 mg/m3 (0.5 ppm) (OSHA).
안정성
Stable, but light sensitive. Incompatible with water, many metals, fluorine, acids, variety of organic materials including acids, alcohols and reducing agents. Reaction with water is violent and yields toxic gas.
CAS 데이터베이스
7719-12-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Phosphorus trichloride(7719-12-2)
EPA
Phosphorus trichloride (7719-12-2)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 14-26/28-29-35-48/20-40-37
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-45-7/8-43-28
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3390 6.1/PG 1
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 TH3675000
F 고인화성물질 21
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 I
HS 번호 28121043
유해 물질 데이터 7719-12-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-28723
유해화학물질 필터링 97-1-132
사고대비 물질 필터링 47
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 사고대비물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 삼염화 인 및 이를 25% 이상 함유한 혼합물
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H300 삼키면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 1,2 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P320 긴급히 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
0
4 2

삼염화 인 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

물성

무색 맑은 연무가 나는 액체, 비중 1.574(21℃), 에테르, 벤젠, 이황화탄소, 사염화탄소에 용해한다.

용도

1、농약\의약 중간체에 많이 사용된다. 글리포세이트, PMIDA, 디프테렉스, 메타미도포스, 아세페이트, kitazine 등 유기인 농약과 티오포스포릴염화물, 옥시염화인, 아인산, 트리페닐포스페이트 등을 제조하는 주요원료 이다. 2、의약공업에서 술파디아진(S.D)과 S.M.D의 생산에 사용된다. 3、 염료공업에서 나프톨류의 종합제로 사용된다.

독성

조습한 공기중에서 연무가 나며, 강한 자극성이 있다. 물을 만나면 격렬히 분해, 염화수소기를 방출, 유독, 부식성이 강하다.

개요

Phosphorus trichloride, PCl3, is a clear, colorless, fuming, corrosive liquid. It decomposes rapidly in moist air and has a boiling point of about 168°F (75°C). PCl3 is corrosive to skin and tissue and reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid. The TLV is 0.2 ppm, and the IDLH is 50 ppm in air. The four-digit UN identification number is 1809. The NFPA 704 designation is health 4, flammability 0, and reactivity 2. The white section at the bottom of the diamond contains a W with a slash through it, indicating water reactivity. The primary uses are in the manufacture of organophosphate pesticides, gasoline additives, and dyestuffs; as a chlorinating agent; as a catalyst; and in textile finishing. Corrosives in contact with a poison may produce poison gases as the poison decomposes. In responding to an incident involving corrosives, the toxicity of the vapors could be much more of a concern for personnel than the corrosivity. When acids come in contact with cyanide, hydrogen cyanide gas, which is highly toxic, with a TLV of 10 ppm in air, is produced.

화학적 성질

Phosphorus trichloride is a colorless to yellow, fuming liquid. Odor like hydrochloric acid.

물리적 성질

Colorless fuming liquid; pungent odor; refractive index 1.516 at 14°C; density 1.574g/mL at 21°C; boils at 76°C; freezes at -112°C; decomposes in water; soluble in benzene, carbon disulfide, ether and chloroform and other halogenated organic solvents.

용도

Phosphorus trichloride is an important intermediate in the production of insecticides, herbicides, and organophosphorus pesticides as well as other chemicals such as phosphoryl chloride, phosphorus pentachloride, thiophosphoryl chloride, and phosphonic acid. It is also used in the production of synthetic surfactants, phosphites, gasoline additives, flame retardants, silver polish, and producing iridescent metallic deposits.

용도

Phosphorus trichloride is used as a chlorinating agent; as an intermediate in making gasoline additives, dyes, surfactants, and pesticides; in the manufacture of phosphorus pentachloride and phosphorus oxychloride; and as a catalyst.

용도

Phosphorus trichloride (PCl3) is used in the manufacture of other phosphorus compounds. It is also an insecticide, a gasoline additive, an ingredient in dyes, and a “finisher” for the surface of textiles.

생산 방법

Phosphorus trichloride (PCl3) is made by reacting yellow phosphorus with chlorine and is used in chemical manufacturing. It hydrolyzes to phosphoric acid and hydrochloric acid.

반응 프로필

Phosphorus trichloride is a strong reducing agent that may ignite combustible organic materials upon contact. May generate flammable and potentially explosive gaseous hydrogen upon contact with many common metals (except nickel and lead). Reactions with water are violent and produce heat and flashes of fire [AAR, 1999]. Gives intensely exothermic reactions with iodine monochloride [Mellor 2, Supp. 1:502. 1956]. Several laboratory explosions have been reported arising from mixtures with acetic acid, along with other acids, sulfuric acid and derivatives, carboxylic acids, etc. These have been ascribed to poor heat control allowing the formation of phosphine [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 60:488. 1938]. Ignites when mixed with hydroxylamine [Mellor 8:290. 1946-47]. Causes an explosion on contact with nitric acid [Comp. Rend. 28:86]. Phosphorus trichloride is incompatible with many common oxidants such as: sodium peroxide, fluorine, chromyl chloride, iodine chloride, to name a few. Isopropanol can react with PCl3, forming toxic HCl gas. (Logsdon, John E., Richard A. Loke., "Isopropyl Alcohol." Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1996.)

위험도

Phosphorus trichloride is highly corrosive. Its vapors are an irritant to mucous membranes. Chronic exposure to its vapors can cause bronchitis. It reacts violently with water and explodes in contact with acetic and nitric acids, and several other substances (Patnaik. P. 1999. A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, 2nd. Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons).

건강위험

Phosphorus trichloride is a highly corrosive substance. Its vapors are an irritant to the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Chronic exposure to its vapors can produce coughing, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
LC50 value, inhalation (guinea pigs): 50 ppm (280 mg/m3)/4 h
The liquid is corrosive to the skin and can cause acid burns..

건강위험

Phosphorus trichloride is highly toxic; it may cause death or permanent injury. Contact is highly irritating to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, and the material is an irritant through oral and inhalation exposure.

화재위험

Phosphorus trichloride will react violently with water, producing heat and toxic and corrosive fumes. When heated to decomposition, Phosphorus trichloride emits highly toxic fumes of chlorides and phosphorus oxides. Phosphorus trichloride may ignite other combustible materials. Reacts violently with water. Reacts explosively with acetic acid, aluminum, chromyl chloride, diallylphosphite and allyl alcohol, dimethyl sulfoxide, fluorine, hydroxylamine, iodine monochloride, lead dioxide, nitric acid, nitrous acid, organic matter, potassium, and sodium. Avoid contact with water, steam, or acids. Hazardous polymerization may not occur.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and inhalation. A corrosive irritant to skin, eyes (at 2 ppm), and mucous membranes. Potentially explosive reaction with chlorobenzene + sodtum, hethyl sulfoxide, molten sodmm, chromyl chloride, nitric acid, sodium peroxide, oxygen (above 100℃), tetravinyl lead. Reacts with carboxylic acids (e.g., acetic acid) to form violently unstable products. Violent reaction or ignition with Al, chromium pentafluoride, dtallyl phosphite + allyl alcohol, F2, hexa fluoroisoprop ylideneaminolithium, hydroxylamine, iodine chloride, PbO2, HNO2, organic matter, potassium, selenium dioxide, sulfur acids (e.g., sulfuric acid, fluorosulfuric acid, oleum). Violent reaction with water evolves hydrogen chloride and diphosphane gas, that then ignite. Incompatible with metals or oxidants. Wdl react with water, steam, or acids to produce heat and toxic and corrosive fumes; can react with oxidzing materials. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. Used as a chlorinating agent, catalyst, and chemical intermedtate. Dangerous; when heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cland POx.

잠재적 노출

Phosphorus trichloride is used as an intermediate and as a chlorinating agent and catalyst; in the manufacture of agricultural chemicals; pharmaceuticals, chlorinated compounds; dyes, gasoline additives; acetyl cellulose; phosphorus oxychloride; plasticizers, saccharin, and surfactants.

운송 방법

UN1809 Phosphorous trichloride, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 8-Corrosive material, Inhalation Zone B.

Purification Methods

Heat it under reflux to expel dissolved HCl, then distil it. It has been further purified by vacuum fractionation several times through a -45o trap into a receiver at -78o. [Forbes Inorg Synth II 145 1946.] HARMFUL VAPOURS.

비 호환성

Phosphorus trichloride is a strong reducing Violent reaction with water, producing heat and hydrochloric and phosphorous acids. Violent reaction with hydrides, alcohols, phenols and bases; water, when in contact with combustible organics; chemically active metals: sodium, potassium, aluminum; strong sulfuric or nitric acid. Attacks most metals except nickel and lead; may generate flammable hydrogen gas on contact with metals. Attacks plastics, rubber, and coatings.

폐기물 처리

Decompose with water, forming phosphoric and hydrochloric acids. The acids may then be neutralized and diluted slowly to solution of soda ash and slaked lime with stirring, then flush to sewer with large volumes of water.

삼염화 인 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


삼염화 인 공급 업체

글로벌( 32)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
ATK CHEMICAL COMPANY LIMITED
+86 21 5161 9050/ 5187 7795
+86 21 5161 9052/ 5187 7796 ivan@atkchemical.com CHINA 26782 60
Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
18192503167 +86-29-89586680
+86-29-88380327 1005@dideu.com CHINA 9938 58
Yangzhou Model Electronic Materials Co., Ltd.
+8613761402923
sales@modeltemol.com CHINA 578 58
Zhuoer Chemical Co., Ltd
+86-13524231522
+86-21-58816016 sales@zhuoerchem.com CHINA 3014 58
CD Chemical Group Limited
+8613651442114
0086-13651442114 info@codchem.com China 20383 58
Jinan Renyuan Chemical Co., Ltd. 18396852370
1840274076@qq.com CHINA 214 58
Shandong Weijin Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. 15169266669 0533-8757687-
199988801@qq.com China 18 58
Shanghai Jiuju Chemical Technology Co. LTD 18117093889 021-54290889-
1261932215@qq.com;324027546@qq.com China 372 58
Energy Chemical 400-005-6266 021-58432009-
021-58436166 sales8178@energy-chemical.com China 43430 61
shanghai science Bio-Pharmceutical.co,ltd. 13482412995 0215-7872719-
02157872719 245662540@qq.com China 310 60

삼염화 인 관련 검색:

Copyright 2019 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved