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Oils, horsemint

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Oils, horsemint
Melissa Oil;Horsemint Oil;Oils, horsemint;Horsemint Leaves Extract;HORSEMINT LEAVES EXTRACT (MONARDA SPP.)
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Oils, horsemint 속성


Oils, horsemint C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


Various odorous erect herbs approximately 30 to 90 cm (12 to 35 in.) tall, Monarda punctata has toothed leaves and large, yellow or white flowers clustered in a few verticles surrounded by bracts. It has petioled, lanceolate leaves narrowing at the base and a nearly smooth corolla, yellowish with the upper lip spotted purple. The plant grows wild in the United States and is used for the extraction of thymol. The whole plant is used. Horsemint has a harsh, burning aromatic flavor and a thymol-like odor.
The essential oil is obtained by distillation of the freshly cut or partially dried herb in approximately 1% and 3% yields, respectively. The oil is a yellowish-red to brown liquid with an odor reminiscent of thymol. Its specific gravity at 20°C is 0.930 to 0.940.
On standing, the oil deposits large crystals of thymol (44 to 61% of the oil). Its main constituents include carvacrol, traces of limonene, and thymol hydroquionone. Other Monarda varieties also growing in the United States-M. fistulosa, M. didyma, and others-contain much less thymol.
The derivative is fluid extract.

화학적 성질

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