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구연산 칼슘

구연산 칼슘
구연산 칼슘 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
813-94-5
한글명:
구연산 칼슘
동의어(한글):
구연산칼슘;구연산석회;2-하이드록시-1,2,3-프로판트리카르복실산,칼슘염(2:3)
상품명:
Calcium citrate
동의어(영문):
citrical;acicontral;Calcium citrate;Calsium citrate;DICALCIUMCITRATE;Tricalcium citrate;CALCIUM CITRATE USP;TRICALCIUM DICITRATE;CALCIUM CITRATE pure;tribasiccalciumcitrate
CBNumber:
CB7153589
분자식:
C12H10Ca3O14
포뮬러 무게:
498.43
MOL 파일:
813-94-5.mol

구연산 칼슘 속성

용해도
0.1 M HCl: 0.01 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
813-94-5(CAS DataBase Reference)

안전

WGK 독일 1
유해 물질 데이터 813-94-5(Hazardous Substances Data)

구연산 칼슘 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Calcium citrate is the calcium salt of citric acid. It is commonly used as a food additive (E333), usually as a preservative, but sometimes for flavor. In this sense, it is similar to sodium citrate. Calcium citrate is also used as a water softener because the citrate ions can chelate unwanted metal ions. Calcium citrate is also found in some dietary calcium supplements (e.g. Citracal). Calcium makes up 21% of calcium citrate by weight.

화학적 성질

white powder or white to colourless crystals

생산 방법

Calcium citrate is an intermediate in the isolation of citric acid from the fermentation process by which citric acid is produced industrially. The citric acid in the broth solution is neutralized by calcium hydroxide, precipitating insoluble calcium citrate. This is then filtered off from the rest of the broth and washed to give clean calcium citrate.
The calcium citrate thus produced may be sold as-is, or it may be converted to citric acid using dilute sulfuric acid.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Calcium citrate is more easily absorbed (bioavailability is 2.5 times higher than calcium carbonate); it is easier to digest and less likely to cause constipation and gas than calcium carbonate. Calcium citrate can be taken without food and is more easily absorbed than calcium carbonate on an empty stomach. It is also believed that it contributes less to the formation of kidney stones. Calcium citrate consists of around 24% Ca2+, which means that 1000 mg calcium citrate contains around 240 mg Ca2+. The lower Ca2+ content together with the higher price makes it a more expensive treatment option compared to calcium carbonate, but its slightly different application field can justify this.

생물학적 활성

In many individuals, bioavailability of calcium citrate is found to be equal to that of the cheaper calcium carbonate.However, alterations to the digestive tract may change how calcium is digested and absorbed. Unlike calcium carbonate, which is basic and neutralizes stomach acid, calcium citrate has no effect on stomach acid. Individuals who are sensitive to antacids or who have difficulty producing adequate stomach acid should choose calcium citrate over calcium carbonate for supplementation. According to recent research into calcium absorption after gastric bypass surgery , calcium citrate may have improved bioavailability over calcium carbonate in Rouxen- Y gastric bypass patients who are taking calcium citrate as a dietary supplement after surgery. This is mainly due to the changes related to where calcium absorption occurs in the digestive tract of these individuals.

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