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다이부틸푸탈레이트

다이부틸푸탈레이트
다이부틸푸탈레이트 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
84-74-2
한글명:
다이부틸푸탈레이트
동의어(한글):
부틸프탈산(BUTYLPHTHALATE)O-벤젠디카르복실산,디부틸에스테르(O-BENZENEDICARBOXYLICACID,DIBUTYLESTER)1,2-벤젠디카르복실산,디부틸에스테르(1,2-BENZENEDICARBOXYLICACID,DIBUTYLESTER)디부틸-1,2-벤젠디카르복실산(DIBUTYL-1,2-BENZENEDICARBOXYLATE)디부틸프탈산에스테르(DIBUTYLPHTHALATEESTER)벤젠-O-디카르복실산,디-N-부틸에스테르(BENZENE-O-DICARBOXYLICACID,DI-N-BUTYLESTER)DBP;비스-N-부틸프탈산;N-부틸프탈산;다이부틸푸탈레이트;디부틸프탈레이트;프탈산,디부틸에스테르(PHTHALICACID,DIBUTYLESTER)디-N-부틸프탈산;디부틸프탈산;다이부틸프탈레이트;디부틸프탈레이트
상품명:
Dibutyl phthalate
동의어(영문):
DBP;Bufa;Elaol;px104;NLA-10;PX 104;DBP(R);NSC 6370;hatcoldbp;n-dibutyl
CBNumber:
CB7161937
분자식:
C16H22O4
포뮬러 무게:
278.34
MOL 파일:
84-74-2.mol

다이부틸푸탈레이트 속성

녹는점
-35 °C
끓는 점
340 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.043 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
9.6 (vs air)
증기압
1 mm Hg ( 147 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.492(lit.)
인화점
340 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
Very soluble in alcohol, ether, acetone, benzene
물리적 상태
Liquid
Specific Gravity
1.049 (20/20℃)
색상
APHA: ≤10
상대극성
0.272
폭발한계
0.47%, 236°F
수용성
Slightly soluble. 0.0013 g/100 mL
어는점
-35℃
Merck
14,3035
BRN
1914064
Henry's Law Constant
6.3 x 10-5 atm?m3/mol (quoted, Petrasek et al., 1983)
노출 한도
NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m3, IDLH 4,000 mg/m3; OSHA PEL: TWA 5 mg/m3; ACGIH TLV: TWA 5 mg/m3.
InChIKey
DOIRQSBPFJWKBE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
84-74-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Dibutyl phthalate(84-74-2)
EPA
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, dibutyl ester(84-74-2)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,N,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 61-50-62-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
안전지침서 53-45-61-36/37-16
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3082 9/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 TI0875000
자연 발화 온도 756 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 9
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29173100
유해 물질 데이터 84-74-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 Acute oral LD50 for rats 8,000 mg/kg (RTECS, 1985).
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H320 눈에 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2B 경고 P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P272 작업장 밖으로 오염된 의복을 반출하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P307+P311 노출된 경우,독성 물질 센터 또는 의사에게 전화하기
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

다이부틸푸탈레이트 MSDS


1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid dibutyl ester

다이부틸푸탈레이트 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

clear liquid

화학적 성질

Dibutyl phthalate occurs as an odorless, oily, colorless, or very slightly yellow-colored, viscous liquid.

물리적 성질

Colorless to pale yellow, oily, viscous liquid with a mild, aromatic odor

용도

Di-n-butyl phthalate has been used as an insect repellant.

용도

Insect repellent.

용도

Plasticizer; solvent for oil-soluble dyes, insecticides and other organics; antifoam agent; textile fiber lubricant; fragrance fixative; insect repellent.

용도

A phthalate metabolite with genotoxic effect.

용도

Plasticizer

정의

ChEBI: A phthalate ester that is the diester obtained by the formal condensation of the carboxy groups of phthalic acid with two molecules of butan-1-ol.

생산 방법

Dibutyl phthalate is produced from n-butanol and phthalic anhydride in an ester formation reaction.

일반 설명

Dibutyl phthalate is a colorless oily liquid. Dibutyl phthalate is insoluble in water. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Since Dibutyl phthalate is a liquid Dibutyl phthalate can easily penetrate the soil and contaminate groundwater and nearby streams. Dibutyl phthalate is combustible though Dibutyl phthalate may take some effort to ignite. Dibutyl phthalate is used in paints and plastics and as a reaction media for chemical reactions.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Dibutyl phthalate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Avoid contact with strong oxidizing agents and strong bases. Will not polymerize. [USCG, 1999]. Can generate electrostatic charges. [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 250].

건강위험

The toxicity of this compound is very low. Inhumans, oral intake of dibutyl phthalate at adose level of 150 mg/kg may cause nausea,vomiting, dizziness, hallucination, distortedvision, lacrimation, and conjunctivitis withprompt recovery. It metabolizes to monobutylester and phthalic acid and is excreted in urine.The inhalation toxicity should be insignificantbecause of its negligible low vapor pressure[<0.1 torr at 20°C (68°F)]. However, expo sure to its mist or aerosol can cause irritationof eyes and mucous membranes
LD50 value, oral (mice): 5300 mg/kg.

화재위험

Combustible.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Dibutyl phthalate is used in pharmaceutical formulations as a plasticizer in film-coatings. It has been evaluated as a pore-forming agent in novel delivery systems.It is also used extensively as a solvent, particularly in cosmetic formulations such as antiperspirants, hair shampoos, and hair sprays. In addition to a number of industrial applications, dibutyl phthalate is used as an insect repellent, although it is not as effective as dimethyl phthalate.

색상 색인 번호

It is mainly used as a nonreactive epoxy diluent.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal and intravenous routes. Mildly toxic by ingestion. Human systemic eye effects by ingestion, hallucinations, dstorted perceptions, nausea or vomiting, and kidney, ureter, or bladder changes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials. Violent reaction with Cl2. Incompatible with chlorine. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes. See also ESTERS, PHTHALIC ACID, and n BUTYL ALCOHOL.

Safety

Dibutyl phthalate is generally regarded as a relatively nontoxic material, although it has occasionally been reported to cause hypersensitivity reactions. It is widely used in topical cosmetic and some oral pharmaceutical formulations.
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.72g/kg
LD50 (mouse, oral): 5.3g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 8.0g/kg
LD50 (rat, IP): 3.05mL/kg

Source

Detected in distilled water-soluble fractions of new and used motor oil at concentrations of 38 to 43 and 15 to 23 μg/L, respectively (Chen et al., 1994). Leaching from flexible plastics in contact with water. Laboratory contaminant.

환경귀착

Biological. Under aerobic conditions using a freshwater hydrosol, mono-n-butyl phthalate and phthalic acid were produced. Under anaerobic conditions, phthalic acid was not present (Verschueren, 1983). In anaerobic sludge, di-n-butyl phthalate degraded as follows: monobutyl phthalate to phthalic acid to protocatechuic acid followed by ring cleavage and mineralization (Shelton et al., 1984). Engelhardt et al. (1975) reported that a variety of microorganisms were capable of degrading of di-n-butyl phthalate and suggested the following degradation scheme: di-n-butyl phthalate to mono-n-butyl phthalate to phthalic acid to 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid and other unidentified products. Di-n-butyl phthalate was degraded to benzoic acid by tomato cell suspension cultures (Lycopericon lycopersicum) (Pogány et al., 1990).
In a static-culture-flask screening test, di-n-butyl phthalate showed significant biodegradation with rapid adaptation. The ester (5 and 10 mg/L) was statically incubated in the dark at 25°C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum. After 7 days, 100% biodegradation was achieved (Tabak et al., 1981).
Soil. Under aerobic conditions using a fresh-water hydrosol, mono-n-butyl phthalate and phthalic acid were produced. Under anaerobic conditions, however, phthalic acid was not formed (Verschueren, 1983).
Photolytic. An aqueous solution containing titanium dioxide and subjected to UV radiation (l >290 nm) produced hydroxyphthalates and dihydroxyphthalates as intermediates (Hustert and Moza, 1988).
Chemical/Physical. Pyrolysis of di-n-butyl phthalate in the presence of polyvinyl chloride at 600°C gave the following compounds: indene, methylindene, naphthalene, 1- methylnaphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, biphenyl, dimethylnaphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, methylacenaphthene, methylfluorene and six unidentified compounds (Bove and Dalven, 1984).
Under alkaline conditions, di-n-butyl phthalate will initially hydrolyze to n-butyl hydrogen phthalate and n-butanol. The monoester will undergo further hydrolysis forming o-phthalic acid and n-butanol (Kollig, 1993).

저장

Dibutyl phthalate should be stored in a well-closed container in a cool, dry, location. Containers may be hazardous when empty since they can contain product residues such as vapors and liquids.

Purification Methods

Wash DBP with H2O (to free it from alcohol), then dilute NaOH (to remove any butyl hydrogen phthalate or acid), aqueous NaHCO3 (charcoal), then distilled water. Dry it (CaCl2), distil it at 10torr or less, and store it in a desiccator over P2O5. [Beilstein 9 II 586, 9 III 4102, 9 IV 3175.]

비 호환성

Dibutyl phthalate reacts violently with chlorine. It also reacts with oxidizing agents, acids, bases, and nitrates.

Regulatory Status

Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral capsules, delayed action, enteric coated, and controlled release tablets). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK (oral capsules, tablets, granules; topical creams and solutions).

다이부틸푸탈레이트 준비 용품 및 원자재

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