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글루타르산

글루타르산
글루타르산 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
110-94-1
한글명:
글루타르산
동의어(한글):
글루타르산;글루타릭애씨드
상품명:
Glutaric acid
동의어(영문):
glutaric;Glutarsure;Glutarsaure;GLUTARIC ACID;Pentandioic acid;propane-1,3-dica;PENTANEDIOIC ACID;Glutaric acid,99%;Glutaric acid 99%;GLUTARIC ACID pure
CBNumber:
CB7852828
분자식:
C5H8O4
포뮬러 무게:
132.11
MOL 파일:
110-94-1.mol

글루타르산 속성

녹는점
95-98 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
302 °C
밀도
1,429 g/cm3
증기압
0.022 hPa (18.5 °C)
굴절률
nD106 1.41878
인화점
200°C/20mm
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
water: soluble5mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow
산도 계수 (pKa)
4.31(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
Crystalline Powder
색상
Orange
수용성
430 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck
14,4473
BRN
1209725
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents.
InChIKey
JFCQEDHGNNZCLN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
110-94-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Pentanedioic acid(110-94-1)
EPA
Pentanedioic acid(110-94-1)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 36-36/37/38
안전지침서 26-37/39-36-39
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 MA3740000
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 29171990
유해 물질 데이터 110-94-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
예방조치문구:
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

글루타르산 MSDS


1,5-Pentanedioic acid

글루타르산 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

white or off-white crystals

정의

ChEBI: An alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acid that is a linear five-carbon dicarboxylic acid.

일반 설명

Colorless crystals or white solid.

공기와 물의 반응

Water soluble.

반응 프로필

1,5-Pentanedioic acid is a carboxylic acid. Carboxylic acids donate hydrogen ions if a base is present to accept them. They react in this way with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Their reactions with bases, called "neutralizations", are accompanied by the evolution of substantial amounts of heat. Neutralization between an acid and a base produces water plus a salt. Carboxylic acids with six or fewer carbon atoms are freely or moderately soluble in water; those with more than six carbons are slightly soluble in water. Soluble carboxylic acid dissociate to an extent in water to yield hydrogen ions. The pH of solutions of carboxylic acids is therefore less than 7.0. Many insoluble carboxylic acids react rapidly with aqueous solutions containing a chemical base and dissolve as the neutralization generates a soluble salt. Carboxylic acids in aqueous solution and liquid or molten carboxylic acids can react with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Such reactions occur in principle for solid carboxylic acids as well, but are slow if the solid acid remains dry. Even "insoluble" carboxylic acids may absorb enough water from the air and dissolve sufficiently in 1,5-Pentanedioic acid to corrode or dissolve iron, steel, and aluminum parts and containers. Carboxylic acids, like other acids, react with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. The reaction is slower for dry, solid carboxylic acids. Insoluble carboxylic acids react with solutions of cyanides to cause the release of gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases and heat are generated by the reaction of carboxylic acids with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides. Carboxylic acids, especially in aqueous solution, also react with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Their reaction with carbonates and bicarbonates generates a harmless gas (carbon dioxide) but still heat. Like other organic compounds, carboxylic acids can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. A wide variety of products is possible. Like other acids, carboxylic acids may initiate polymerization reactions; like other acids, they often catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions 1,5-Pentanedioic acid reacts with bases, oxidizing agents and reducing agents.

화재위험

Flash point data for 1,5-Pentanedioic acid are not available; however, 1,5-Pentanedioic acid is probably combustible.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the acid from *benzene, CHCl3, distilled water or *benzene containing 10% (w/w) of diethyl ether. Dry it under vacuum. [Beilstein 2 IV 1934.]

글루타르산 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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