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알파-피넨

알파-피넨
알파-피넨 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
80-56-8
한글명:
알파-피넨
동의어(한글):
알파-피넨;피넨
상품명:
alpha-Pinene
동의어(영문):
c 500;PC500;PINENE;PERMOUNT;AciteneA;2-Pinene;pin-2-ene;Australene;Pina-2-ene;α-pin-2-ene
CBNumber:
CB8209087
분자식:
C10H16
포뮬러 무게:
136.23
MOL 파일:
80-56-8.mol

알파-피넨 속성

녹는점
-55°C
끓는 점
155-156 °C(lit.)
밀도
0.858 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
FEMA
2902 | ALPHA-PINENE
굴절률
n20/D 1.465(lit.)
인화점
90 °F
저장 조건
Flammables area
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Clear colorless
Odor Threshold
0.018ppm
수용성
insoluble
Merck
13,7527
JECFA Number
1329
안정성
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
80-56-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
«alpha»-Pinene(80-56-8)
EPA
.alpha.-Pinene (80-56-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi,N,Xn,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 10-36/37/38-43-50-65-51/53-38-36/38-20
안전지침서 26-36/37-61-37/39-29-16-36/37/39-7/9-62
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2368 3/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 DT7000000
자연 발화 온도 491 °F
위험 등급 3.2
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29021990
유해 물질 데이터 80-56-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H304 삼켜서 기도로 유입되면 치명적일 수 있음 흡인 유해성물질 구분 1 위험
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P331 토하게 하지 마시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
NFPA 704
3
1 0

알파-피넨 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

연구팀은 소나무 피톤치드의 진정작용 및 수면개선 작용기전(메커니즘)을 밝히기 위해 소나무 피톤치드의 가장 대표적인 성분인 알파-피넨(α-pinene)을 이용했다. 진정-수면과 관련된 다양한 신경세포 및 동물 실험들을 통해 알파-피넨(α-pinene)의 진정-수면 효과와 메커니즘을 과학적으로 입증하였다.

용도

소나무 피톤치드의 주성분인 알파-피넨은 진정 작용와 수면개선 효과를 모두 가지고 있으며, 이러한 효과는 알파-피넨이 중추신경계의 GABA A형 수용체에 결합하여 GABA에 의한 억제성 신경전달을 연장시켜 나타내는 것으로 확인되었다.

개요

Alpha-pinene is the major constituent of turpentine (about 80%). It exists as a levogyre form in European turpentines, and as a dextrogyre form in turpentines found in North America. Sensitization mainly occurs in painters, polishers and varnishers, and in those in the perfume and ceramics industry.

화학적 성질

α-Pinene is the most widespread pinene isomer. (+)-α-Pinene, (1R,5R)-2,6,6-trimethylbicyclo[3.3.1]hept-2-ene, occurs, for example, in oil from Pinus palustris Mill., at a concentration up to 65%; oil from Pinus pinaster Soland and American oil from Pinus caribaea contain 70% and 70–80%, respectively, of the laevorotatory isomer, (?)-α-Pinene, (1S,5S)-2,6,6-trimethylbicyclo[3.3.1]hept-2-ene.
α-Pinene undergoes many reactions, of which the following are used in the fragrance industry: upon hydrogenation, α-pinene is converted to pinane, which has become an important starting material in the industrial processes used in the fragrance and flavor industry. α-Pinene can be isomerized to β-pinene with high selectivity for β-pinene formation. Hydration with simultaneous ring opening yields terpineol and cis-terpin hydrate. Pyrolysis of α-pinene yields a mixture of ocimene and alloocimene.
Pure α-pinene is obtained by distillation of turpentine oils. As a fragrance substance, it is used to improve the odor of industrial products.However, it is farmore important as a starting material in industrial syntheses, for example, terpineols, borneol, and camphor.

화학적 성질

α-Pinene has a characteristic odor of pine. It is turpentine-like. The oxidized material has a resin-like odor.

화학적 성질

liquid with a turpentine odour

출처

The structure would account for the presence of four optically active and two optically inactive isomers; although only d-, l-, and dl-α-pinene are known, however; presence of one or more isomers has been reported in more than 400 essential oils; in the largest amounts it has been reported found in Achillea millefolium (d-), Artemisia tridentata (d-), Italian rosemary (l-), wild thyme (l-), French lavender (l-), coriander (d-, dl-), cumin (d, dl-), labdanum (l-), neroli (l-), lemon, Litsea cubeba (d-) and ylang-ylang (d-). It is also reported in over 200 natural products including apple, apricot, many citrus juices and peel oils, bilberry, cranberry, lingonberry, blackberry, currants, guava, raspberry, strawberry, orange, lime, grapefruit, mandarin, tangerine oils and juices, various spices, mint essential oils, carrot, celery, cooked potato, bell pepper, tomato, anise, cinnamon, cassia leaf, clove, cumin, ginger, Mentha oils, nutmeg, mace, pepper, parsley, thyme, Swiss and cheddar cheese, cream, fatty fish, fried chicken, beef fat, hop oil, rum, bourbon whiskey, tea, roasted filberts, pecans, oats, soybean, plum, mushroom, sweet and wild marjoram, starfruit, mango, tamarind, cardamom, coriander, gin, rice, litchi, calamus, dill, lovage, caraway seed, buckwheat, laurel, fennel, kiwifruit, myrtle leaf and berry, rosemary, buchu oil, Bourbon vanilla, Spanish and clary sage, nectarine, crayfish, clam, cape gooseberry, anise hyssop, angelica root oil, Roman and German chamomile oil, eucalyptus oil, bullock’s heart and mastic gum leaf and fruit oil.

용도

α-Pinene was used as standard in headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic analysis of volatile compounds in virgin olive oils 1 . It was used in the synthesis of cesium-doped heteropolyacid having potential application in biodiesel synthesis.

정의

ChEBI: A pinene that is bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene substituted by methyl groups at positions 2, 6 and 6 respectively.

생산 방법

α-Pinene occurs naturally in a variety of trees and shrubs, including more than 400 essential oils, and air concentrations near pine forests may reach 500–1200 mg/m3. Total U.S. emission of α-pinene from deciduous and coniferous forests amounts to 6.6 million tons annually. An estimated emission rate of α-pinene from natural sources to the atmosphere is 1.84×10 -10 g/cm3/s.

제조 방법

From turpentine, by distillation.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 2.5 to 62 ppb. Aroma characteristics at 1.0%: terpy citrus and spicy, woody pine and turpentinelike with a slight cooling camphoraceous nutmeglike nuance, a fresh herbal lift and a tropical fruit top note.

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 10 ppm: intense, woody, piney and terpy with camphoraceous and turpentine notes. It has herbal, spicy and slightly tropical mango nuances.

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid with a turpentine odor. Flash point 91°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used as a solvent.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

alpha-Pinene may react vigorously with strong oxidizing agents. May react exothermically with reducing agents to release gaseous hydrogen.

건강위험

Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through skin. High concentrations are extremely destructive to mucous membrane and upper respiratory tract, eyes and skin. Symptoms of exposure may include burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting.

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Vapor may travel considerable distance to source of ignition and flashback. Container explosion may occur during fire conditions. Forms explosive mixtures in air.

색상 색인 번호

Alpha-pinene is the major constituent of turpentine (about 80%). It exists in levogyre form in European turpentine and in dextrogyre form in turpentine found in North-Americans. Sensitization occurs mainly in painters, polishers, and varnishers, and in those in the perfume and in the ceramics industry.

Safety Profile

A deadly poison by inhalation. Moderately toxic by ingestion. An eye, mucous membrane, and severe human skin irritant. Flammable liquid. A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use foam, Co2, dry chemical. Explodes on contact with nitrosyl perchlorate.

알파-피넨 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


알파-피넨 공급 업체

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