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트리플루오르화 안티몬

트리플루오르화 안티몬
트리플루오르화 안티몬 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7783-56-4
한글명:
트리플루오르화 안티몬
동의어(한글):
트리플루오르화안티몬;트리플루오르화안티몬
상품명:
Antimony trifluoride
동의어(영문):
SbF3;NA 1549;trifluoro-stibin;trifluorostibine;antimoinefluorure;Trifluoroantimony;ANTIMONY FLUORIDE;trifluoro-Stibine;Antimonyfluoride1;Antimoine fluorure
CBNumber:
CB8304955
분자식:
F3Sb
포뮬러 무게:
178.76
MOL 파일:
7783-56-4.mol

트리플루오르화 안티몬 속성

녹는점
292 °C
끓는 점
376 °C
밀도
4.38 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
인화점
376°C
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
4430g/l Hydrolysis
물리적 상태
powder
색상
White to gray
Specific Gravity
4.379
수용성
385 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,709
승화점
376 ºC
CAS 데이터베이스
7783-56-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Antimony trifluoride(7783-56-4)
EPA
Stibine, trifluoro-(7783-56-4)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,N,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 23/24/25-51/53
안전지침서 7-26-45-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3260 8/PG 2
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 CC5150000
F 고인화성물질 10
위험 참고 사항 Corrosive/Highly Toxic
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2826 19 90
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 7783-56-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

트리플루오르화 안티몬 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

white to grey crystalline powder

화학적 성질

Antimony trifluoride is a noncombustible, odorless, white to gray crystalline solid.

용도

To catalyze fluorinations by HF, manufacture of chlorofluorides, in dyeing, usually in form of double salts, e.g., antimony sodium fluoride or antimony fluoride and ammonium sulfate double salt, manufacture of pottery and porcelains.

일반 설명

Antimony trifluoride solution is the white to gray crystalline solid dissolved in water. Antimony trifluoride is corrosive to metals and tissue. Antimony trifluoride is used in ceramics and to make other chemicals.

공기와 물의 반응

Water slowly hydrolyzes antimony fluoride to form antimony (III) oxide. The dry powdered oxide ignites on heating in air [Mellor Vol. 9 425.1939].

반응 프로필

ANTIMONY TRIFLUORIDE is a colorless, solid compound, toxic and corrosive. When heated to decomposition, Antimony trifluoride emits very toxic fumes of fluoride and metallic antimony [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 83].

위험도

Strong irritant to eyes and skin.

건강위험

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Reaction with water or moist air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

화재위험

Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Vapors may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.

Safety Profile

Poison by subcutaneous route. Corrosive to skin and eyes. See also FLUORIDES and ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Fand Sb

잠재적 노출

It is used in dyeing; to make porcelain and pottery; and as a fluorinating agent.

운송 방법

UN1549 Antimony compounds, inorganic, solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

It crystallises from MeOH to remove oxide and oxyfluoride, then it is sublimed under vacuum in an aluminium cup on to a water-cooled copper condenser. Its solubility is 443g/100g in H2O at 20o and 562g/100g in H2O at 30o with partial hydrolysis. [Woolf J Chem Soc 279 1955, Kwasnik in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chem (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 199 1963].

비 호환성

Hot perchloric acid.

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

트리플루오르화 안티몬 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

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