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디메틸아닐린

디메틸아닐린
디메틸아닐린 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1300-73-8
한글명:
디메틸아닐린
동의어(한글):
디메틸아닐린;디메틸아미노벤젠;자일리딘;자일리딘,그이성체,염류,할로겐화유도체및설폰화유도체;자일리딘;벤젠아마이드,ar,ar-다이메틸-
상품명:
DIMETHYLANILINE
동의어(영문):
XYLIDINE;xilidine;XYLIDINES;xylidinen;DMAmixture;aminoxylene;Xylidine Mixed-Xylidine;DIMETHYLANILINE;Xylidines,Mixed
CBNumber:
CB8478584
분자식:
C48H66N6
포뮬러 무게:
727.08
MOL 파일:
1300-73-8.mol

디메틸아닐린 속성

녹는점
-36°C
끓는 점
bp 213-226°
밀도
0,98 g/cm3
굴절률
1.4780 (estimate)
인화점
97°C
물리적 상태
Liquid, except o-4-xylidine is a solid.
Merck
14,10084
CAS 데이터베이스
1300-73-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Xylidine (1300-73-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
위험 카페고리 넘버 23/24/25-33-51/53
안전지침서 28-36/37-45
유엔번호(UN No.) 1711
RTECS 번호 ZE8575000
위험 등급 6.1(a)
포장분류 II
유해 물질 데이터 1300-73-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 oral in rabbit: 600mg/kg
기존화학 물질 KE-01316
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
예방조치문구:
NFPA 704
1
0

디메틸아닐린 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Liquid. Slightly soluble inwater; soluble in alcohol and ether. Combustible.

화학적 성질

There are six xylidine isomers. Xylidine, mixed isomers (principally made up of 2,4-, 2,5-, and 2,6-isomers) is a pale yellow to brown liquid with a weak, aromatic amine odor.

용도

Chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.

용도

Chemical intermediate in the manufacture of pesticides, dyes, antioxidants, pharmaceuticals, synthetic resins, and fragrances.

정의

A varying mixture of isomers (2,3-; 2,4-; 2,5-; 2,6-).

위험도

Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption. Liver damage. Methemoglobinemia. Possible carcinogen.

건강위험

Xylidine causes liver damage in experimental animals and is a mild methemoglobin former; it caused tumors of the nasal cavity in rats. There are six isomeric forms of xylidenes with the commercial product consisting primarily of the 2,4- and 2,6-isomers.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen. Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. This material, which so closely resembles aniline in the character of its toxic effects, is actually twice as toxic as aniline. It can cause injury to the blood and the liver. It does not necessarily give any alarm or warning, such as cyanosis, headache, and duziness, whch characterize aniline poisoning. Thus, it may be considered a more insidious poison than aniline, and severe and possibly fatal intoxication may come about through skin absorption. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also ANILINE and other xylidme entries.

잠재적 노출

Xylidines are used in dyestuff manufacture; as intermediates in the manufacture of pesticides, antioxidants, pharmaceuticals, and other organic com pounds.

Carcinogenicity

The IARC has determined that there is sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of 2,6-xylidine in experimental animals and inadequate evidence in humans.5 Overall, 2,6- xylidine is considered possibly carcinogenic to humans. In genotoxic assays, 2,6-xylidine induced sister chromatid exchanges and chromosomal aberrations in cultured mammalian cells but did not induce micronuclei in the bone marrow of mice treated in vivo; conflicting results have been reported in the Salmonella typhimurium assay.

운송 방법

UN1711/Xylidines, solid or liquid, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Vapor may form explosive mixture with air. Contact with hypo chlorite salts and bleaches form explosive chloroamines. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, and epoxides. A chemical base: Will neutralize acids to form salts plus water with an exothermic reaction. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen is generated by amines in combination with strong reducing agents such as hydrides, nitrides, alkali metals, and sulfides.

폐기물 처리

Incineration; oxides of nitrogen are removed from the effluent gas by scrubber, catalytic, or thermal device.

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