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N- 프로필 아세테이트

N- 프로필 아세테이트
N- 프로필 아세테이트 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
109-60-4
한글명:
N- 프로필 아세테이트
동의어(한글):
n-프로필아세트산;노말프로필아세테이트;초산프로필;아세트산프로필;N-프로필아세트산(N.P.A.C);프로필아세테이트;초산프로필;N- 프로필 아세테이트
상품명:
Propyl acetate
동의어(영문):
FEMA 2925;octanpropylu;PROPYLACETAT;Octan propylu;PROPYL ACETATE;n-Propylacetat;Acetic acid-n-;1-propylacetate;CH3COOCH2CH2CH3;1-Propyl acetate
CBNumber:
CB9148631
분자식:
C5H10O2
포뮬러 무게:
102.13
MOL 파일:
109-60-4.mol

N- 프로필 아세테이트 속성

녹는점
−95 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
102 °C(lit.)
밀도
0.888 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
3.5 (vs air)
증기압
25 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.384(lit.)
FEMA
2925 | PROPYL ACETATE
인화점
55 °F
저장 조건
Flammables area
용해도
water: soluble
물리적 상태
Liquid
Specific Gravity
0.889 (20/4℃)
색상
APHA: ≤15
냄새
Mild fruity.
폭발한계
1.7%, 37°F
수용성
2g/100 mL (20 ºC)
JECFA Number
126
Merck
14,7841
BRN
1740764
Henry's Law Constant
5.54 at 37 °C (static headspace-GC, van Ruth et al., 2001)
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 200 ppm (~840 mg/m3) (ACGIH, MSHA, and OSHA); TLV-STEL 250 ppm (~1050 mg/m3) (ACGIH); IDLH 8000 ppm (NIOSH).
안정성
Stable. Highly flammable. May react violently with oxidizing agents. May form explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, acids, bases.
CAS 데이터베이스
109-60-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
n-Propyl acetate(109-60-4)
EPA
Acetic acid, propyl ester(109-60-4)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-36-66-67
안전지침서 16-26-29-33
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1276 3/PG 2
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 AJ3675000
자연 발화 온도 842 °F
위험 참고 사항 Irritant/Highly Flammable
TSCA Yes
HSCode  2915 39 00
위험 등급 3
포장분류 II
유해 물질 데이터 109-60-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in rats, mice (mg/kg): 9370, 8300 orally (Jenner)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P235 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하고 저온으로 유지하시오.

N- 프로필 아세테이트 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

물성

N- 프로필 아세테이트 (NPAC) 동의어 아세트산 프로필 에스테르; 프로필 에타 노 에이트; 배의 특징적인 냄새가 나는 깨끗하고 무색의 액체이다. 그것은 일반적으로 방향제와 향료 첨가제로 사용됩니다.

용도

N-Propyl Acetate (NPAC)는 모든 일반적인 유기 용제 (알코올, 케톤, 글리콜, 에스테르)와 매우 혼합되지만 물에는 약간의 혼 화성이 있습니다. N-Propyl Acetate의 주요 용도는 코팅 및 인쇄 산업에서 용매로서 사용됩니다. 또한 에어로졸 스프레이, 네일 케어 및 향기 용제로 사용됩니다. 또한 배와 유사한 냄새 때문에 향료 첨가제로 사용할 수 있습니다. 주요 사용자 최종 시장은 인쇄, 코팅, 래커, 화장품 및 향료 산업입니다.

용도

코팅제, 잉크, 니트로 페인트, 바니시 및 다양한 수지 용제로 널리 사용되며 향료 및 향료 업계에서 사용됩니다.

포장, 보관 및 운송

저장은 일반적으로 차가운 건조하고 통풍이 잘되는 곳에서 산화제가 떨어져 있어야합니다. 정상 프로필 아세테이트는 직사광선, 열 및 화염에 노출되지 않도록해야합니다.

화학적 성질

colourless liquid with a strong odour

화학적 성질

n-Propyl acetate is a colorless liquid with a mild, fruity odor. The Odor Threshold is 70 milligram per cubic meter and 2.8 milligram per cubic meter (New Jersey Fact Sheet).

화학적 성질

Propyl acetate has a fruity (pear–raspberry) odor with a pleasant, bittersweet flavor reminiscent of pear on dilution.

물리적 성질

Clear, colorless, flammable liquid with a pleasant, pear-like odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were 200 μg/m3 (48 ppbv) and 600 μg/m3 (140 ppbv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974). An odor threshold concentration of 240 ppbv was determined by a triangular odor bag method (Nagata and Takeuchi, 1990). Cometto-Mu?iz and Cain (1991) reported an average nasal pungency threshold concentration of 17,575 ppmv.

출처

Reported found in apple, apple juice, apricot, banana, black currants, guava, grapes, melon, peach, pears, pineapple, plum, strawberry, tomato, vinegar, wheat and rye bread, feta cheese, Gruyere cheese, domiati cheese, yogurt, beef fat, beer, cognac, bourbon and malt whiskey, cider, grape wines, cocoa, potato chips, honey, passion fruit, starfruit, fig, prickly pear, jackfruit, litchi, sake, loquat, mountain papaya, arrack, nectarine and pepino fruit.

용도

n-Propyl acetate is used as a solvent forcellulose derivatives, plastics, and resins;in flavors and perfumes; and in organicsynthesis.

용도

manufacturing flavors, perfumes. Solvent for resins, cellulose derivatives, plastics.

정의

ChEBI: An acetate ester obtained by the formal condensation of acetic acid with propanol.

제조 방법

By direct acetylation of propyl alcohol.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 2.7 to 11 ppm. Aroma characteristics at 1.0%: pungent, solventlike ethereal, fruity lift, green banana sweet with an apple and tropical fruit nuance.

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 10 to 15 ppm: bubble gum estery, fruity, ethereal, tutti-frutti, banana and honey.

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point 58°F. Less dense than water, Vapors are heavier than air.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.

반응 프로필

Propyl acetate is an ester. Propyl acetate is colorless, highly flammable liquid, moderately toxic. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, sparks, or strong oxidizers. When heated to decomposition Propyl acetate emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 1093].

위험도

Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 2–8%. Eye and upper respiratory tract irritant.

건강위험

Contact with skin and eyes causes no serious injury. High vapor concentrations will be irritating and will cause nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, with final loss of consciousness.

건강위험

The acute toxicity of n-propyl acetate islow in test animals. The toxicity, however,is slightly greater than ethyl acetate andisopropyl acetate. Exposure to its vaporsproduces irritation of the eyes, nose, andthroat and narcotic effects. A 5-hour expo sure to 9000- and 6000-ppm concentrationsproduced narcotic symptoms in cats andmice, respectively (Flury and Wirth 1933).A 4-hour exposure to 8000 ppm was lethalto rats. Ingestion of the liquid can cause narcotic action. A high dose can cause death. Adose of 3000 mg/kg by subcutaneous admin istration was lethal to cats. The liquid maycause mild irritation upon contact with skin
LD50 value, oral (mice): 8300 mg/kg.

화재위험

HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous routes. Mildly toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Human systemic effects by inhalation: lachrymation, cough. A skin irritant. A narcotic at high concentrations. Isopropyl acetate is slightly less narcotic than normal propyl acetate. A flammable liquid and dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

잠재적 노출

Propyl acetate is a used as a solvent for plastics and cellulose ester resins; perfume ingredient; component of food flavoring. It is also used as a chemical intermediate.

환경귀착

Photolytic. Reported rate constants for the reaction of n-propyl acetate and OH radicals in the atmosphere and aqueous solution are 2.7 x 10-12 cm3/molecule?sec (Hendry and Kenley, 1979) and 2.30 x 10-13 cm3/molecule?sec (Wallington et al., 1988b).
Chemical/Physical. Slowly hydrolyzes in water forming acetic acid and 1-propanol.
At an influent concentration of 1,000 mg/L, treatment with GAC resulted in an effluent concentration of 248 mg/L. The adsorbability of the carbon used was 149 mg/g carbon (Guisti et al., 1974).

운송 방법

UN1276 n-Propyl acetate, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

Purification Methods

Wash the ester with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 until neutral, then with saturated aqueous NaCl. Dry it with MgSO4 and fractionally distil it. [Beilstein 2 IV 138.]

비 호환성

Contact with nitrates, strong oxidizers; strong alkalis; strong acids; may pose risk of fire and explosions. Attacks plastic.

폐기물 처리

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

N- 프로필 아세테이트 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


N- 프로필 아세테이트 공급 업체

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Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
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+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 8918 58
QUALITY CONTROL CHEMICALS INC.
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Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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breeduan@crovellbio.com CHINA 2292 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
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Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
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Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
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