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트리페닐포스페이트

트리페닐포스페이트
트리페닐포스페이트 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
115-86-6
한글명:
트리페닐포스페이트
동의어(한글):
인산트리페닐;트리페닐포스페이트;인산,트리페닐에스테르;트리페녹시포스핀산화물;셀루플렉스TPP;디스플;트라이페닐포스페이트;트리페닐포스페이트
상품명:
Triphenyl phosphate
동의어(영문):
TPP;TPPA;Altal;Dymel;Wako TPP;NSC 57868;Plastifier;Reofos TPP;phosflextpp;Kronitex TPP
CBNumber:
CB9233809
분자식:
C18H15O4P
포뮬러 무게:
326.28
MOL 파일:
115-86-6.mol

트리페닐포스페이트 속성

녹는점
48-50 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
370 °C
밀도
1.2055
증기압
1.3 mm Hg ( 200 °C)
굴절률
1.563
인화점
435 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
H2O: soluble0.0019g/L at 20°C
물리적 상태
Crystalline Flakes
색상
White
수용성
insoluble
Merck
14,9742
BRN
1888236
Henry's Law Constant
5.88 at 20 °C (approximate - calculated from water solubility and vapor pressure)
노출 한도
TLV-TWA air 3 mg/m3 (ACGIH, OSHA, and NIOSH).
안정성
Stable.
InChIKey
XZZNDPSIHUTMOC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
115-86-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Triphenylphosphate(115-86-6)
EPA
Phosphoric acid, triphenyl ester(115-86-6)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,N,F,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-38-40-48/20/22-50/53-52/53-36/37/38-67-66-36-11-51/53
안전지침서 36/37-61-60-24/25-22-36-26-16-24-9
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 TC8400000
자연 발화 온도 >500 °C
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 9
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29190010
유해 물질 데이터 115-86-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 3500 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 7900 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

트리페닐포스페이트 MSDS


Phosphoric acid triphenyl ester

트리페닐포스페이트 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Colorless, crystalline powder; odorless. Soluble in most lacquers, solvents, thinners, oils; insoluble in water. Combustible.

화학적 성질

Triphenyl phosphate is a colorless crystalline powder with a faint, phenol-like odor.

용도

Triphenyl Phosphate is used in the insecticidal composition. Also acts as a flame retardant.

용도

Noncombustible substitute for camphor in celluloid; rendering acetylcellulose, nitrocellulose, airplane "dope", etc., stable and fireproof; impregnating roofing paper; plasticizer in lacquers and varnishes.

용도

TPP is used in fireproofing, in impregnating roofing paper, as a plasticizer in lacquers and varnishes, and as a substitute for camphor in celluloid materials to make the latter stable and fireproof..

생산 방법

Prepared by reacting phosphorus pentoxide and phenol and by reaction of triethyl phosphate and chloramine-T. On a larger scale phosphorus oxychloride and phenol are reacted in an esterification tank with heating. The HCL formed is trapped and condensed, while the crude triphenyl phosphate runs into a large tank where it is purified.

정의

ChEBI: An aryl phosphate resulting from the formal condensation of phosphoric acid with 3 mol eq. of phenol.

반응 프로필

Organophosphates, such as Triphenyl phosphate, are susceptible to formation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides.

위험도

Toxic by inhalation. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

Non-industrial:
An allergic reaction in a 67-year old woman to spectacle frames containing triphenyl phosphate was reported. Patch tests with analytical grade triphenyl phosphate in that individual indicated a reaction at concentrations as low as 0.05%. This observation was confirmed in another male patient (Carlsen et al 1986). Industrial:
Occupational exposure of men engaged in manufacturing triphenyl phosphate produced a statistically significant reduction in erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase activity and plasma cholinesterase activity. There was no evidence of adverse clinical effects in men exposed to triphenyl phosphate for as long as 10 years. Exposure was to triphenyl phosphate mist, vapor, and dust at a weighted average air concentration of 3.5 mg/m3 (Sutton et al 1960).

건강위험

TPP is neurotoxic, causing paralysis at high dosages. Like tri-o-cresyl phosphate (TOCP), it is a cholinesterase inhibitor. The acute oral toxicity is low. The acute toxicity via subcutaneous administration is low to moderate. The toxic symptoms from high dosages in test animals were tremor, diarrhea, muscle weakness, and paralysis.
LD50 value, oral (mice): 1320 mg/kg
LD50 value, subcutaneous (cats): 100 mg/kg
Cleveland et al. (1986) investigated the acute and chronic toxicity to various species of freshwater fish of phosphate ester compounds containing TPP. The adverse toxic effects occurred at exposure concentrations of 0.38–1.0 mg/L..

화재위험

Noncombustible solid. Incompatibility— none.

공업 용도

1 Plasticizer.
2 Fireproofing agent, for impregnating roofing paper and upholstery.

Safety Profile

Poison by subcutaneous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. Absorbed slowly, particularly by skin contact. Not a potent cholinesterase inhibitor. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of POx. See also TRITOLYL PHOSPHATE.

잠재적 노출

Triphenyl phosphate is used to impregnate roofing paper and as a fire-resistant plasticizer in plastics; for cellulose esters in lacquers and varnishes. Used in making adhesives, gasoline additives; flotation agents; insecticides, surfactants, antioxidants, and stabilizers. A substitute for camphor.

Source

Triphenyl phosphate was identified as a component in outer covers of brand-new computer video display units. Concentrations were estimated to be 8 to 10 and 0.3 to 0.5 wt % in 4 and 6 video display units, respectively. The concentrations of triphenyl phosphate in the remaining 8 video display units were <0.02 wt % (Carlsson et al., 2000).

환경귀착

Chemical/Physical. When an aqueous solution containing triphenyl phosphate (0.1 mg/L) and chlorine (3 to 1,000 mg/L) was stirred in the dark at 20 °C for 24 h, the benzene ring was substituted with one to three chlorine atoms (Ishikawa and Baba, 1988). The reported hydrolysis half-lives at pH values of 8.2 and 9.5 were 7.5 and 1.3 d, respectively (Howard and Doe, 1979).
Decomposes at temperatures greater than 410 °C (Dobry and Keller, 1957)

신진 대사

Rat liver microsomal enzymes degraded triphenyl phosphate in the presence of NADPH, but also in the absence of NADPH. The product of incubation was diphenyl phosphate. It was clear that the reaction was cytochrome P-450-linked since the reaction was inhibited by carbon monoxide (Sasaki et al 1984). Goldfish liver microsomes metabolized only about 10% of triphenyl phosphate (Sasaki et al 1985). Houseflies treated with triphenyl phosphate were analyzed after 24 h and the presence of diphenyl p-hydroxyphenyl phosphate was confirmed (Eto et al 1975).

운송 방법

UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the phosphate from EtOH or pet ether (b 60-80o)/EtOH. [Cox & Westheimer J Am Chem Soc 80 5441 1958, Krishnakumar & Sharma Synthesis 558 1983, Cherbuliez in Organo Phosphorus Compounds (Kosolapoff & Maier eds) Wiley Vol 6 pp 211-577 1973, Beilstein 6 III 658, 6 IV 720.]

비 호환성

Incompatible with strong oxidizers; strong acids; nitrates may cause fire or explosions. Phosphates are incompatible with antimony pentachloride, magnesium, silver nitrate, zinc acetate.

폐기물 처리

Incinerate in furnace equipped with alkaline scrubber.

트리페닐포스페이트 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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