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DYSPROSIUM

DYSPROSIUM 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7429-91-6
상품명:
DYSPROSIUM
동의어(영문):
Dy;DY005105;DY005110;DY000200;DY000225;DY007910;DY000220;DY006010;DY007905;DY000210
CBNumber:
CB9441967
분자식:
Dy
포뮬러 무게:
162.5
MOL 파일:
7429-91-6.mol

DYSPROSIUM 속성

녹는점
1412 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
2567 °C (lit.)
밀도
8.559 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
물리적 상태
powder
색상
Silver-gray
Specific Gravity
8.54
비저항
89 μΩ-cm, 20°C
수용성
reacts slowly with H2O; soluble dilute acids [HAW93]
감도
Air & Moisture Sensitive
Merck
13,3515
CAS 데이터베이스
7429-91-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Dysprosium (7429-91-6)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-34
안전지침서 22-24/25-36/37/39-33-16-45-27-26-23
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3089 4.1/PG 2
WGK 독일 3
F 고인화성물질 10
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
HS 번호 28053012
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H228 인화성 고체 인화성 고체 구분 1
구분 2
위험
경고
P210, P240,P241, P280, P370+P378
H260 물과 접촉시 자연 발화성 인화성 가스를 발생시킴 물반응성 물질 및 혼합물 구분 1 위험 P223, P231+P232, P280, P335+ P334,P370+P378, P402+P404, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P223 물과 접촉하지 마시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P231+P232 불활성 기체 하에서 취급하고, 습기를 방지하시오.

DYSPROSIUM C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

metal ingots

물리적 성질

Dysprosium is a dense (specific gravity = 8.540) metal. It is soft, and when cut with aknife, it appears as a silvery metal that oxidizes slowly at room temperatures. The white oxide(Dy2O3) that forms on the outside of the metal sloughs off, exposing a fresh surface of themetal for more oxidation. The oxide of dysprosium is also called dysprosia.
Dysprosium
Its melting point is 1,412°C, its boiling point is 2,567°C, and its density is 8.540g/cm3.

Isotopes

There are a total of 39 isotopes of dysprosium, seven of which are stable. Theatomic mass of the stable isotopes ranges from 156 to 164 amu (atomic mass units oratomic weight). The unstable isotopes of dysprosium have half-lives ranging from 150milliseconds to 3.0×10+6 years. All of the unstable isotopes are radioactive and are producedartificially.

Origin of Name

The word dysprosium was derived from the Greek word dysprositos, which means “difficult to approach.”

출처

Dysprosium is the 43rd most abundant element on Earth and ranks ninth in abundanceof the rare-earths found in the Earth’s crust. It is a metallic element that is usually found asan oxide (disprosia). Like most rare-earths, it is found in the minerals monazite and allanite,which are extracted from river sands of India, Africa, South America, and Australia and thebeaches of Florida. It is also found in the mineral bastnasite in California.

Characteristics

Dysprosium, with characteristics similar to most of the other rare-earths, was difficult todiscover. Although dysprosium does not react rapidly with moist air at low temperatures, it does react with water and the halogens at high temperatures. It also reacts in solutions of weakacids. At low temperatures, dysprosium is strongly magnetic.

역사

Dysprosium was discovered in 1886 by Lecoq de Boisbaudran, but not isolated. Neither the oxide nor the metal was available in relatively pure form until the development of ion-exchange separation and metallographic reduction techniques by Spedding and associates about 1950. Dysprosium occurs along with other so-called rare-earth or lanthanide elements in a variety of minerals such as xenotime, fergusonite, gadolinite, euxenite, polycrase, and blomstrandine. The most important sources, however, are from monazite and bastnasite. Dysprosium can be prepared by reduction of the trifluoride with calcium. The element has a metallic, bright silver luster. It is relatively stable in air at room temperature, and is readily attacked and dissolved, with the evolution of hydrogen, by dilute and concentrated mineral acids. The metal is soft enough to be cut with a knife and can be machined without sparking if overheating is avoided. Small amounts of impurities can greatly affect its physical properties. While dysprosium has not yet found many applications, its thermal neutron absorption cross-section and high melting point suggest metallurgical uses in nuclear control applications and for alloying with special stainless steels. A dysprosium oxide-nickel cermet has found use in cooling nuclear reactor rods. This cermet absorbs neutrons readily without swelling or contracting under prolonged neutron bombardment. In combination with vanadium and other rare earths, dysprosium has been used in making laser materials. Dysprosium-cadmium chalcogenides, as sources of infrared radiation, have been used for studying chemical reactions. The cost of dysprosium metal has dropped in recent years since the development of ionexchange and solvent extraction techniques, and the discovery of large ore bodies. Thirty-two isotopes and isomers are now known. The metal costs about $6/g (99.9% purity).

용도

Dysprosium is most commonly used as in Neodymium-iron-boron high strength permanent magnets. While it has one of the highest magnetic moments of any of the rare earths (10.6uB), this has not resulted in an ability to perform on its own as a practical alternative to Neodymium compositions.
It is however now an essential additive in NdFeB production. It is also used in special ceramic compositions based on BaTiO formulations.
Dysprosium is used, in conjunction with Vanadium and other elements, in making laser materials and commercial lighting. Nanofibers of Dysprosium compounds have high strength and large surface area. Therefore, they can be used to reinforce other materials and as a catalyst.
Recent research has examined the use of Dysprosium in Dysprosium-iron-garnet (DyFeG) and silicon implanted with Dysprosium and Holmium to form donor centers.
Dysprosium Metal is an important additive for NdFeB permanent magnets to raise the Curie temperature and improve temperature coefficiency. Another most promising use of high purity Dysprosium Metal is in the magnetostrictive alloy TEFENOL-D. There are also other applications for some special master alloys. Dysprosium Metal can be further processed to various shapes of ingots, pieces, wires, foils, slabs, rods, discs and powder. It is highly susceptible to magnetization, they are employed in various data-storage applications, such as in hard disks.

용도

There are not many uses for dysprosium. Scientists continue to experiment with it as apossible alloy metal (it has a high melting point) to be mixed with steel to make control rodsthat absorb neutrons in nuclear reactors. There are only a few commercial uses for dysprosium,such as a laser material and as a fluorescence activator for the phosphors used to produce thecolors in the older TV and computer cathode ray tubes (CRTs). When combined with steelor nickel as an alloy, it makes strong magnets.

정의

A soft malleable silvery element of the lanthanoid series of metals. It occurs in association with other lanthanoids. One of its few uses is as a neutron absorber in nuclear reactors; it is also a constituent of certain magnetic alloys.

정의

dysprosium: Symbol Dy. A soft silverymetallic element belonging tothe lanthanoids; a.n. 66; r.a.m.162.50; r.d. 8.551 (20°C); m.p. 1412°C;b.p. 2562°C. It occurs in apatite,gadolinite, and xenotime, fromwhich it is extracted by an ionexchangeprocess. There are sevennatural isotopes and twelve artificialisotopes have been identified. It findslimited use in some alloys as a neutronabsorber, particularly in nucleartechnology. It was discovered by PaulLecoq de Boisbaudran (1838–1912) in1886.

위험도

Dysprosium nitrate [Dy2(NO3)3] is a strong oxidizing agent and will ignite when in contactwith organic material. Most dysprosium salts are toxic if ingested or inhaled.

DYSPROSIUM 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


DYSPROSIUM 공급 업체

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