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클로르헥시딘 디글루콘산염

클로르헥시딘 디글루콘산염
클로르헥시딘 디글루콘산염 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
18472-51-0
한글명:
클로르헥시딘 디글루콘산염
동의어(한글):
클로르헥시딘디글루콘산염;클로르헥시딘디글루콘산염(CHLORHEXIDINEDIGLUCONATE);클로헥시딘다이글루코네이트
상품명:
Chlorhexidine digluconate
동의어(영문):
abacil;D00858;septeal;unisept;d-)(2:1;hibidil;placout;corsodyl;disteryl;orahexal
CBNumber:
CB9702888
분자식:
C34H54Cl2N10O14
포뮬러 무게:
897.76
MOL 파일:
18472-51-0.mol

클로르헥시딘 디글루콘산염 속성

밀도
1.06 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
water: soluble50% (w/v)
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Colorless
감도
Light Sensitive
최대 파장(λmax)
257nm(H2O)(lit.)
Merck
14,2091
InChIKey
YZIYKJHYYHPJIB-UUPCJSQJSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
18472-51-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
D-Gluconic acid, compd. with N,N''-bis(4-chlorophenyl)- 3,12-diimino-2,4,11,13-tetraazatetradecanediimidamide (2:1)(18472-51-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 N
위험 카페고리 넘버 50/53
안전지침서 61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3082 9 / PGIII
WGK 독일 -
RTECS 번호 DU1950000
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 9
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29252900
독성 LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 22 i.v.; 1800 orally (Foulkes)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

클로르헥시딘 디글루콘산염 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Chlorhexidine digluconate solution is a bis(biguanide) family cationic broad spectrum antibiotic that is available in a range of concentrations and has been safely used for over 40 years for a variety of health-related applications; but its specific use for umbilical cord care was uniquely tested in three clinical trials in Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, in the form of 7.1% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX). Given the promising results of the trials, in 2013 the World Health Organization (WHO) added CHX to its Model List of Essential Medicines for Children; and in 2014 the WHO issued a new guideline on umbilical cord care, which included a formal recommendation on the use of chlorhexidine.
Chlorhexidine digluconate is a broad spectrum antiseptic. Its mechanism of action involves destabilization of the outer bacterial membrane. It is effective on both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, although it is less effective with some Gram-negative bacteria.It has both bactericidal and bacteriostatic mechanisms of action, the mechanism of action being membrane disruption, not ATPase inactivation as previously thought.It is also useful against fungi and enveloped viruses, though this has not been extensively investigated. Chlorhexidine is harmful in high concentrations, but is used safely in low concentrations in many products, such as mouthwash and contact lens solutions.

화학적 성질

Almost colourless or pale-yellowish liquid.

용도

chlorhexidine digluconate is a preservative generally used in concentrations of 0.01 to 0.1 percent to protect against bacteria. It is unstable at high temperatures. Chlorhexidine digluconate is more widely used in europe than in the united States.

용도

Hydrogenolysis of benzyl-nitrogen bonds

용도

Chlorhexidine is used primarily as a topical antiseptic/disinfectant in wound healing, at catheterization sites, in various dental applications and in surgical scrubs.
The gluconate salt form of chlorhexidine, a biguanide compound used as an antiseptic agent with topical antibacterial activity. Chlorhexidine gluconate is positively charged and reacts with the negatively charged microbial cell surface, thereby destroying the integrity of the cell membrane. Subsequently, chlorhexidine gluconate penetrates into the cell and causes leakage of intracellular components leading to cell death. Since gram positive bacteria are more negatively charged, they are more sensitive to this agent.
Chlorhexidine digluconate 20% solution is a broad spectrum bacteriostatis antiseptic agent, oral care agent, disinfectant, cosmetic biocide, and preservative. It is very effective against plaque, oral flora including Candida and is active against gram-positive and gram-negative organisms, facultative anaerobes, aerobes, and yeast. It can be used in antiseptic soap, mouthwash that fights plaque, disinfecting wounds and burns, vaginal flushing, hair dyes and bleaches, makeup, and other skin and hair care products.

상표명

Dyna-Hex (Xttrium); Hibiclens (Regent); Peridex (Zila); Periochip (Dexcel); Periogard (Colgate); Prevacare (Johnson & Johnson).

Clinical Use

1,6-Di(4 -chlorophenyldiguanido)hexane gluconate (Hibiclens)is the most effective of a series of antibacterial biguanides originallydeveloped in Great Britain.
The antimicrobial properties of the biguanides were discoveredas a result of earlier testing of these compounds aspossible antimalarial agents. Although thebiguanides are technically not bisquaternary ammoniumcompounds and, therefore, should probably be classifiedseparately, they share many physical, chemical, and antimicrobialproperties with the cationic surfactants. Thebiguanides are strongly basic, and they exist as dications atphysiological pH. In chlorhexidine, the positive charges arecounterbalanced by gluconate anions (not shown). Likecationic surfactants, these undergo inactivation when mixedwith anionic detergents and complex anions such as phosphate,carbonate, and silicate.
Chlorhexidine has broad-spectrum antibacterial activitybut is not active against acid-fast bacteria, spores, orviruses. It has been used for such topical uses as preoperativeskin disinfection, wound irrigation, mouthwashes, andgeneral sanitization. Chlorhexidine is not absorbedthrough skin or mucous membranes and does not causesystemic toxicity.

클로르헥시딘 디글루콘산염 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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