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테트라카인 구조식 이미지
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포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

테트라카인 속성

41.0 to 45.0 °C
끓는 점
407.59°C (rough estimate)
1.0200 (rough estimate)
1.5800 (estimate)
저장 조건
산도 계수 (pKa)
pKa 8.33±0.03(H2O t = 20.0 I = 0.10 (KCl)) (Uncertain)
156mg/L(temperature not stated)
CAS 데이터베이스
94-24-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-40-42/43-43
안전지침서 22-36/37
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2811
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 DG4725000
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29224999
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.

테트라카인 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

White or light-yellow, waxy solid. Very slightly soluble in water; soluble in alcohol, ether, benzene, chloroform.




ChEBI: A benzoate ester in which 4-N-butylbenzoic acid and 2-(dimethylamino)ethanol have combined to form the ester bond; a local ester anaesthetic (ester caine) used for surface and spinal anaesthesia.

Biological Functions

Tetracaine hydrochloride (Pontocaine) is an ester of PABA that is an effective topical local anesthetic agent and also is quite commonly used for spinal (subarachnoid) anesthesia. Epinephrine is frequently added to prolong the anesthesia.Tetracaine is considerably more potent and more toxic than procaine and cocaine. It has approximately a 5-minute onset and 2 to 3 hours of action.

일반 설명

Tetracaine was developed to address the low potency andshort duration of action of procaine and chloroprocaine. The addition of the butyl side chain on the para nitrogen increasesthe lipid solubility of the drug and enhances the topical potencyof tetracaine. The plasma half-life is 120 to 150 seconds.Topically applied tetracaine to unbroken skin requires 30 to 45minutes to confer topical anesthesia. Tetracaine 4% gel is superiorthan eutectic mixture with lidocaine (EMLA) (an emulsionof lidocaine and prilocaine) in preventing pain associatedwith needle procedures in children. Tetracaine metabolism issimilar to procaine ester metabolism yielding parabutylaminobenzoicacid and dimethylaminoethanol and conjugatesexcreted in the urine. The pKa of the dimethylated nitrogen is8.4 and tetracaine is formulated as a hydrochloride salt with apH of 3.5 to 6.0. The increased absorption from topical siteshas resulted in reported toxicity. Overdoses of tetracaine mayproduce central nervous system (CNS) toxicity and seizure activitywith fatalities from circulatory depression reported.No selective cardiac toxicity is seen with tetracaine althoughhypotension has been reported. Tetracaine is employed for infiltrationanesthesia, spinal anesthesia, or topical use.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Tetracaine is more irritating than proparacaine but is sometimes used in veterinary medicine. It is indicated to produce local anesthesia of short duration for ophthalmic procedures including measurement of intraocular pressure (tonometry), removal of foreign bodies and sutures, and conjunctival and corneal scraping in diagnosis and gonioscopy. Tetracaine is also indicated to produce local anesthesia prior to surgical procedures in humans such as cataract extraction and pterygium excision, usually as an adjunct to locally injected anesthetics. Ophthalmic solutions used for intraocular procedures should be preservative-free. Preservatives may cause damage to the corneal epithelium if a significant quantity of solution enters the eye through the incision.

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