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케텐

케텐
케텐 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
463-51-4
한글명:
케텐
동의어(한글):
케텐
상품명:
ketene
동의어(영문):
Keten;ethenone;carbometene;Ethen-1-one;Carbomethene;ketene ISO 9001:2015 REACH
CBNumber:
CB9934768
분자식:
C2H2O
포뮬러 무게:
42.04
MOL 파일:
463-51-4.mol

케텐 속성

녹는점
-150°
끓는 점
bp -56°
밀도
0.6600
굴절률
1.3040 (estimate)
물리적 상태
Gas
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 0.9 mg/m3 (0.5 ppm); STEL 3.0 mg/m3 (1.5 ppm) (ACGIH); IDLH 50 ppm (NIOSH).
EPA
Ketene (463-51-4)

안전

유엔번호(UN No.) 1955
위험 등급 2.3
유해 물질 데이터 463-51-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-21786

케텐 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Colorless gas with a sharp penetrating odor;liquefies at -56°C (-68.8°F); solidifies at-151°C (-239.8°F); soluble in alcohol andacetone, decomposed by water.

용도

Organic chemical syntheses; conversion of higher acids into their anhydrides; for acetylation in the manufacture of cellulose acetate and aspirin

용도

For the conversion of higher acids into their anhydrides; for acetylation in the manufacture of cellulose acetate and aspirin.

용도

Ketene is used as an acetylating agent inthe production of cellulose acetate, aspirin,acetic anhydride, and in various organicsyntheses.

생산 방법

Ketene may be prepared also by pyrolysis of acetic anhydride or phenyl acetate or diketene. Other sources are quite unsatisfactory from a standpoint of yield. Small quantities may be made conveniently by heating acetone in a “ketene lamp.” This is a glass apparatus containing a Nichrome filament, heated electrically to red heat. Larger amounts are made by passing acetone or acetic acid through a tube at 700 °C. A very brief contact time is required, so that much of the acetone is undecomposed and has to be condensed and recycled. Also, it is imperative that the reaction tube be of inert material such as porcelain, glass, quartz, copper or stainless steel. A copper tube, if used, should be protected from oxidation by an iron sheath. Inert packing may be used (glass, vanadium pentoxide, porcelain), but just as good yields are obtained with empty tubes. No catalyst is known which accelerates this decomposition at significantly lower temperatures.

건강위험

Ketene is a highly toxic gas. It causes severeirritation to the eyes, nose, throat, and skin.Exposure to 10–15 ppm for several minutescan injure the respiratory tract. It causespulmonary edema. A 30-minute exposure to23 ppm was lethal to mice and a 10-minuteexposure to 200 and 750 ppm caused deathto monkeys and cats.

화재위험

Ketene in its gaseous state should be flammable and explosive in air. The pure compound, however, polymerizes readily and cannot be stored as a gas. Its flash point and LEL and UEL values are not reported. It can react violently with oxidizers and many organic compounds. Its small size and the olefinic unsaturation impart further reactivity to the molecule.

Purification Methods

Ketene is prepared by pyrolysis of acetic anhydride. Purify it by passing through a trap at -75o and collecting in a liquid-nitrogen-cooled trap. Ethylene is removed by evacuating the ethylene in an isopentane-liquid-nitrogen slush pack at -160o. Store it at room temperature in a suitable container in the dark or better at -80o, but do not store it under pressure as it may EXPLODE. It is a strong IRRITANT when inhaled and is as poisonous as phosgene. See diketene in “Heterocyclic Compounds”, Chapter 4. [Hurd Org Synth Coll Vol I 330 1941, Andreades & Carlson Org Synth Coll Vol V 679 1973.]

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