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2,2-ジメチル-1-プロパノール 製品概要
化学名:2,2-ジメチル-1-プロパノール
英語化学名:NEOPENTYL ALCOHOL
别名:dimethylpropanol(non-specificname);Neoamyl Alcohol;neoamylalcohol;Neopentanol;Neopentylalkohol;Newamylalcohol;LABOTEST-BB LT00067775;2,2-DIMETHYL-1-PROPANOL
CAS番号:75-84-3
分子式:C5H12O
分子量:88.15
EINECS:200-907-3
カテゴリ情報:
Mol File:75-84-3.mol
2,2-ジメチル-1-プロパノール
2,2-ジメチル-1-プロパノール 物理性質
融点 52-56 °C(lit.)
沸点 113-114 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) 0.818 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気圧16 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
屈折率 1.3915
闪点 98 °F
貯蔵温度 Flammables area
外見 Waxy Crystalline Solid
Colorless
水溶解度 3.5 G/100 ML AT 25 ºC
Merck 14,6457
BRN 1730984
CAS データベース75-84-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報1-Propanol, 2,2-dimethyl-(75-84-3)
EPAの化学物質情報1-Propanol, 2,2-dimethyl-(75-84-3)
安全性情報
主な危険性 Xi,F
Rフレーズ 10-36/37-11
Sフレーズ 16-26-36/37-7/9-33
RIDADR UN 1325 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 1
TSCA Yes
国連危険物分類 4.1
容器等級 III
有毒物質データの75-84-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
MSDS Information
ProviderLanguage
ACROS English
SigmaAldrich English
ALFA English
2,2-ジメチル-1-プロパノール Usage And Synthesis
化学的特性colorless waxy crystalline solid
化学的特性Amyl alcohols (pentanols) have eight isomers. All are flammable, colorless liquids, except the isomer 2,2- dimethyl-1-propanol, which is a crystalline solid.
職業ばく露(n-isomer); Suspected reprotoxic hazard, Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction), (iso-, primary): Possible risk of forming tumors, Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction), (sec-, active primary-, and other isomers) Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction). Used as a solvent in organic synthesis and synthetic flavoring, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitors; making plastics and other chemicals; as a flotation agent. The (n-isomer) is used in preparation of oil additives, plasticizers, synthetic lubricants, and as a solvent.
応急処置Skin contact contributes significantly to overall exposure. If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit.
輸送方法UN2811 Pentanols, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3- Flammable liquid. UN1987 Alcohols, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.
純化方法It is difficult to distil because it is a solid at ambient temperatures. Purify it by fractional crystallisation and sublimation. [Beilstein 1 IV 1690.]
不和合性Forms an explosive mixture with air. Contact with strong oxidizers and hydrogen trisulfide may cause fire and explosions. Incompatible with strong acids. Violent reaction with alkaline earth metals forming hydrogen, a flammable gas.
廃棄物の処理Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.
Tags:75-84-3