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graphene oxide

graphene oxide Suppliers list
Company Name: Shanghai TanYuanHuiGu New Material Technology Co., Ltd.  Gold
Tel: 0086-021-64307535
Products Intro: Product Name:Graphene oxide
Purity:99.0 wt%
Company Name: BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted  
Tel: 4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
Products Intro: Product Name:grapheneoxide
Purity:97.00% Package:1300RMB/1g
Company Name: Shanghai YuanYe Biotechnology Co., Ltd.  
Tel: 400-666-5481
Products Intro: Product Name:graphene oxide
graphene oxide Basic information
Product Name:graphene oxide
Synonyms:graphene oxide
Product Categories:
Mol File:Mol File
graphene oxide Structure
graphene oxide Chemical Properties
density 0.981 g/mL at 25 °C
refractive index n20/D 1.333
form powder or flakes
Safety Information
WGK Germany 3
MSDS Information
graphene oxide Usage And Synthesis
DescriptionGraphene oxide (GO), also referred to as graphite/graphitic oxide, is obtained by treating graphite with oxidisers, and results in a compound of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen in variable ratios.
The structure and properties of GO are much dependent on the particular synthesis method and degree of oxidation. With buckled layers and an interlayer spacing almost two times larger (~0.7 nm) than that of graphite, it typically still preserves the layer structure of the parent graphite.
Graphite oxides demonstrate considerable variations of properties depending on degree of oxidation and synthesis method.[9] For example, temperature point of explosive exfoliation is generally higher for graphite oxide prepared by Brodie method compared to Hummers graphite oxide, the difference is up to 100 degrees with the same heating rates.[10] Hydration and solvation properties of Brodie and Hummers graphite oxides are also remarkably different.
GO absorbs moisture proportionally to humidity and swells in liquid water. GO membranes are vacuum-tight and impermeable to nitrogen and oxygen, but permeable to water vapours. The ability to absorb water by GO depends on the particular synthesis method and also shows a strong temperature dependence.
GO is considered as an electrical insulator for the disruption of its sp2 bonding networks. However, by manipulating the content of oxygen-containing groups through either chemical or physical reduction methods, the electrical and optical properties of GO can be dynamically tuned. To increase the conductivity, oxygen groups are removed by reduction reactions to reinstall the delocalised hexagonal lattice structure. One of the advantages GO has over graphene is that it can be easily dispersed in water and other polar organic solvents. In this way, GO can be dispersed in a solvent and reduced in situ, resulting in potentially monodispersed graphene particles.
Due to its unique structure, GO can be functionalised in many ways for desired applications, such as optoelectronics, drug delivery, chemical sensors, membrane filtration, flexible electronics, solar cells and more.
Graphite oxide was first prepared by Oxford chemist Benjamin C. Brodie in 1859, by treating graphite with a mixture of potassium chlorate and fuming nitric acid. He reported synthesis of "paper-like foils" with 0.05 mm thickness. In 1957 Hummers and Offeman developed a safer, quicker, and more efficient process called Hummers' method, using a mixture of sulfuric acid H2SO4, sodium nitrate NaNO3, and potassium permanganate KMnO4, which is still widely used, often with some modifications.
UsesGraphene oxide have been extensively explored as some of the most promising biomaterials for biomedical applications due to their unique properties: two-dimensional planar structure, large surface area, chemical and mechanical stability, superb conductivity and good biocompatibility. These properties result in promising applications for the design of advanced drug delivery systems and delivery of a broad range of therapeutics.
Industry Application Role/benefit
Optical nonlinearity Protect sensitive instruments from laser-induced damage Nonlinear optical material/electrical and optical properties can be tuned dynamically
Pulse compression, mode-locking and Q-switching
all-optical switching, signal regeneration and fast optical communications
Graphene Large-scale production and manipulation of graphene Raw material
Water purification Desalination of water Reverse osmosis material/selectively allows water to pass, but retain some larger ions
Removing radioactive material from water Absorption material/flakes of graphene oxide absorbs radioactive ions in water
Sand filters coating for removing pollutants Coating material/increase the saturated time of sand filters
Coating Containers for corrosive acid and medical packaging Coating material
Electronics Flexible rechargeable battery Anode material/increase the faster charge and discharge times for batteries
Solar cells Anode material
Biomedical Biosensors for detecting biologically relevant molecules Fluorescence quenching material
Targeted delivery of anti-cancer drugs Drug-carrying materials
Others Hydrogen storage Storage material/high specific surface area
Graphene oxide lens Lens material
Graphene oxide paper Paper material
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graphene oxide Preparation Products And Raw materials
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