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Turpentine oil

Turpentine oil
Turpentine oil
Chemical Name:
Turpentine oil
turps;FIR OIL;THUS GUM;Gum thus;gumspirit;FEMA 3089;Turpenitine;GUM SPIRITS;VOLATILE OIL;terebenthine
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Turpentine oil Properties

Melting point:
−55 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
153-175 °C(lit.)
0.86 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
4.84 (−7 °C, vs air)
vapor pressure 
4 mm Hg ( −6.7 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.515
Flash point:
86 °F
optical activity
[α]20/D 40 to +48°
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with chlorine, strong oxidizers.
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xn,N
Risk Statements  36/38-43-65-51/53-20/21/22-10
Safety Statements  36/37-46-61-62
RIDADR  UN 1299 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  YO8400000
HazardClass  3.2
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  38051000
Hazardous Substances Data 8006-64-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways Aspiration hazard Category 1 Danger
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.

Turpentine oil price More Price(5)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 24245 Oil of turpentine purified 8006-64-2 1l $68.7 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 05611501 Oil of turpentine secondary reference standard 8006-64-2 1ml $314 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W308900 L-Turpentine FG 8006-64-2 sample-k $40 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W308900 L-Turpentine FG 8006-64-2 1kg-k $123 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 24245 Oil of turpentine purified 8006-64-2 2.5l $139 2018-11-13 Buy

Turpentine oil Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Turpentine oil is a kind of fluid isolated from live trees, mainly pines. It consists of terpenes including monoterpenes, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene and some amount of careen, camphene, dipentene, and terpinolene. It can be used as a solvent and as a source of materials for organic synthesis. For its application in solvent, it can be used for thinning oil-based paints that are useful for the manufacturing of varnishes. In organic synthesis, it can be used for the synthesis of fragrant chemical compounds such as camphor, linalool and alpha-terpineol. It can also be used for large-scale synthesis of bundles of aligned carbon nanotubes. It can also be used as natural flavoring agent as food additive. Moreover, it can be used to synthesize pesticide as well as be used to facilitate the endodontic retreatment.

Chemical Properties

Turpentine is oleorosin extracted from trees of pinus (pinacae). It is a yellowish, opaque, sticky mass with a characteristic odor and taste. It is used extensively in different industries associated with the manufacturing of polishes, grinding fl uids, paint thinners, resins, degreasing solutions, clearing materials, and ink making. The two primary uses of turpentine in industry are as a solvent and as a source of materials for organic synthesis. As a solvent, turpentine is used for thinning oil-based paints for producing varnishes and as a raw material in the chemical industry.

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with paint-like odour

Chemical Properties

Turpentine is the oleoresin from species of Pinus Pinacea trees. The crude oleoresin (gum turpentine) is a yellowish, sticky, opaque mass and the distillate (oil of turpentine) is a colorless, volatile liquid with a characteristic odor. Chemically, it contains: alpha-pinene; betapinene; camphene, monocyclic terpene; and terpene alcohols.


Solvent and thinner for paints, varnishes, polishes. In manufacture of aroma chemicals such as camphor, myrcene, linalool; source of pine oil.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. Flash point 90-115°F. Obtained from naphtha-extraction of pine stumps. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors are heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

WOOD TURPENTINE reacts with oxidizing agents. Calcium hypochlorite was placed in a turpentine container, thought to be empty. Reaction with the residual turpentine resulted in an explosion within a few minutes [Benson 1967]. Reacts violently with chromic anhydride [Haz. Chem. Data 1967 p. 68]. Reacts with stannic chloride producing heat and sometimes flame [Mellor 7:430 1946-47]. May also react exothermically with reducing agents to produce gaseous hydrogen.

Health Hazard

Occupational exposures to turpentine cause adverse health effects on absorption through the skin, lungs, and intestine. The vapor of turpentine causes severe irritation to the nose, eyes, and respiratory system has a whole. Aspiration of liquid turpentine causes direct irritation to the lungs and results in pulmonary edema and hemorrhage. It also causes dermatitis, eczema, and hypersensitivity among occupational workers. Splashing of liquid turpentine in the eyes causes corneal burns. Turpentine is also known to cause skin eruption, irritation to the gastrointestinal tract, kidney and bladder damage, delirium, ataxia, and benign skin tumor.

Safety Profile

An experimental poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic to humans by ingestion. Mildly toxic experimentally by ingestion and inhalation. Human systemic effects by ingestion and inhalation: conjunctiva irritation, other olfactory and eye effects, hallucinations or distorted perceptions, antipsychotic, headache, pulmonary, and kidney changes. A human eye irritant. Irritating to skin and mucous membranes. Can cause serious irritation of kidneys. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. A common air contaminant. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Avoid impregnation of combustibles with turpentine. Keep cool and ventilated. Spontaneous heating is possible. Moderate explosion hazard in the form of vapor when exposed to flame; can react violently with Ca(OCl)2, Cl2, CrO3, Cr- (OCl)2, SnCl4, hexachloromelamine, trichloromelamine. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Turpentines have found wide use as chemical feedstock for the manufacture of floor, furniture, shoe, and automobile polishes; camphor, cleaning materials; inks, putty, mastics, cutting and grinding fluids; paint thinners; resins, and degreasing solutions. Recently, alpha-and beta-pinenes, which can be extracted, have found use as volatile bases for various compounds. The components d-α-pinene and 3-carene, or their hydroperoxides, may be the cause of eczema and toxic effects of turpentine.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, give plenty of water to drink and get medical attention. Do not induce vomiting. Medical observation is recommended for 24-48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.


UN1299 Turpentine, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3- Flammable liquid.


Forms an explosive mixture with air. Violent reaction with strong oxidizers, especially chlorine; chromic anhydride; stannic chloride; chromyl chloride.

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.


During handling of turpentine, occupational workers should always use protective clothing, rubber gloves, and face masks to avoid adverse health effects to the skin and respiratory tract.


Kalpana Awasthi, et al. "Large scale synthesis of bundles of aligned carbon nanotubes using a natural precursor: turpentine oil." Journal of Experimental Nanoscience 5.6(2010):498-508.
Bai, Yun. "The general situation of flavor from turpentine oil." China Food Additives (2006).
Pakdel, H, S. Sarron, and C. Roy. "alpha-Terpineol from hydration of crude sulfate turpentine oil. " Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry 49.9(2001):4337-41.
Dong-Mei, L. I., et al. "Study on synthesis of high purity α-terpineol from turpentine oil." Modern Chemical Industry (2008).
Armstrong, Henry E. "XXXV.—Studies of the terpenes and allied compounds. The nature of turpentine oils, including that obtained from Pinus khasyana." Journal of the Chemical Society Transactions 59:311-315.
Guilbert, J., et al. "Anti-flatulence treatment and status epilepticus: a case of camphor intoxication." Emergency Medicine Journal Emj 24.12(2007):859.
Qin, Lang, and Y. M. Wang. "Application of Turpentine Oil in Synergist and Pesticide and Its Progress." Fine & Specialty Chemicals (2005).
Kaplowitz, G. J. "Clinical uses of rectified turpentine oil." International Endodontic Journal 29.2(1996):93.

Turpentine oil Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Turpentine oil Suppliers

Global( 169)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+86-0311-66562153 whatsapp +8615203118427
+86-0311-66562153 CHINA 417 50
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 CHINA 3218 55
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 22058 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20795 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32764 55
Jiangxi Baolin Natural Spices Co.Ltd. 0796-8102348 13576833965 13576827225
0796-8116585 China 121 58
Zhemical Co., Ltd. +86 (760) 8993-5616
+86 (760) 8533-0775 China 203 57
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd. 13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
86 (10) 60270825 China 1443 62
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 China 44192 61

Turpentine oil Spectrum

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