Chemical Safety Data Sheet MSDS / SDS

Acetaldehyde

Revision Date:2022-12-24Revision Number:1

SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

Product identifier

  • Product name: Acetaldehyde
  • CBnumber: CB8175809
  • CAS: 75-07-0
  • EINECS Number: 200-836-8
  • Synonyms: Acetaldehyde ,ethanal

Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

  • Relevant identified uses: For R&D use only. Not for medicinal, household or other use.
  • Uses advised against: none

Company Identification

  • Company: Chemicalbook
  • Address: Building 1, Huihuang International, Shangdi 10th Street, Haidian District, Beijing
  • Telephone: 400-158-6606

SECTION 2: Hazards identification

GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements

  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
Precautionary statements
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
Hazard statements
H351 Suspected of causing cancer
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness
H335 May cause respiratory irritation
H319 Causes serious eye irritation
H302 Harmful if swallowed
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour
Disposal
WARNING.Cancer - https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/acetaldehyde

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients

Substance

  • Product name: Acetaldehyde
  • Synonyms: Acetaldehyde ,ethanal
  • CAS: 75-07-0
  • EC number: 200-836-8
  • MF: C2H4O
  • MW: 44.05

SECTION 4: First aid measures

Description of first aid measures

General advice
Show this material safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
If inhaled
After inhalation: fresh air. Call in physician.
In case of skin contact
In case of skin contact: Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower. Consult a physician.
In case of eye contact
After eye contact: rinse out with plenty of water. Call in ophthalmologist. Remove contact lenses.
If swallowed
After swallowing: immediately make victim drink water (two glasses at most). Consult a physician.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in section 11

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

No data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures

Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media
Water Foam Carbon dioxide (CO2) Dry powder
Unsuitable extinguishing media
For this substance/mixture no limitations of extinguishing agents are given.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Carbon oxides Combustible.

Pay attention to flashback.

Vapors are heavier than air and may spread along floors.

Development of hazardous combustion gases or vapours possible in the event of fire. Forms explosive mixtures with air at ambient temperatures.

Advice for firefighters

Stay in danger area only with self-contained breathing apparatus. Prevent skin contact by keeping a safe distance or by wearing suitable protective clothing.

Further information

Remove container from danger zone and cool with water. Prevent fire extinguishing water from contaminating surface water or the ground water system.

NFPA 704

2
4
2
HEALTH 2 Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury (e.g. diethyl ether, ammonium phosphate, iodine)
FIRE 4 Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Includes pyrophoric substances. Flash point below room temperature at 22.8 °C (73 °F). (e.g. acetylene, propane, hydrogen gas)
REACT 2 Undergoes violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures, reacts violently with water, or may form explosive mixtures with water (e.g. white phosphorus, potassium, sodium)
SPEC. HAZ.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Advice for non-emergency personnel: Do not breathe vapors, aerosols. Avoid substance contact. Ensure adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.

Evacuate the danger area, observe emergency procedures, consult an expert. For personal protection see section 8.

Environmental precautions

Do not let product enter drains. Risk of explosion.

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Cover drains. Collect, bind, and pump off spills. Observe possible material restrictions (see sections 7 and 10). Take up carefully with liquid-absorbent material (e.g.

Chemizorb?). Dispose of properly. Clean up affected area.

Reference to other sections

For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

Advice on safe handling

Work under hood. Do not inhale substance/mixture. Avoid generation of vapours/aerosols.

Advice on protection against fire and explosion

Keep away from open flames, hot surfaces and sources of ignition.Take precautionary measures against static discharge.

Hygiene measures

Immediately change contaminated clothing. Apply preventive skin protection. Wash hands and face after working with substance.

For precautions see section 2.2.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Storage conditions

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition. Keep locked up or in an area accessible only to qualified or authorized persons.

Storage stability

Recommended storage temperature 2 - 8 °C

Specific end use(s)

Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection

control parameter

Hazard composition and occupational exposure limits
Does not contain substances with occupational exposure limits.

Exposure controls

Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection

Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate

government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU). Safety glasses Tightly fitting safety goggles

Skin protection

This recommendation applies only to the product stated in the safety data sheet, supplied by us and for the designated use. When dissolving in or mixing with other substances and under conditions deviating from those stated in EN374 please contact the supplier of CE-approved gloves (e.g. KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, Internet: www.kcl.de).

Full contact

Material: butyl-rubber

Minimum layer thickness: 0,7 mm Break through time: 480 min Material tested:Butoject? (KCL 898)

This recommendation applies only to the product stated in the safety data sheet, supplied by us and for the designated use. When dissolving in or mixing with other substances and under conditions deviating from those stated in EN374 please contact the supplier of CE-approved gloves (e.g. KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, Internet: www.kcl.de).

Splash contact Material: butyl-rubber

Minimum layer thickness: 0,7 mm Break through time: 480 min Material tested:Butoject? (KCL 898)

Body Protection

Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing.

Respiratory protection

required when vapours/aerosols are generated.

Our recommendations on filtering respiratory protection are based on the following standards: DIN EN 143, DIN 14387 and other accompanying standards relating to the used respiratory protection system.

Recommended Filter type: Filter type AX

The entrepeneur has to ensure that maintenance, cleaning and testing of respiratory protective devices are carried out according to the instructions of the producer.

These measures have to be properly documented.

Control of environmental exposure

Do not let product enter drains. Risk of explosion.

Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 180 mg/m3 (100 ppm) (ACGIH), 360 mg/m3 (200 ppm) (NIOSH); STEL 270 mg/m3 (150 ppm); IDLH 10,000 ppm.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties

Information on basic physicochemical properties

  • AppearanceForm: liquid, clear Color: colorless
  • Odourpungent
  • Odour Threshold0.0015ppm
  • pH5 at 20 °C
  • Melting point/freezing pointMelting point: -123,5 °C
  • Initial boiling point and boiling range21 °C at 1.013 hPa
  • Flash point-38,89 °C - closed cup
  • Evaporation rateNo data available
  • Flammability (solid, gas)No data available
  • Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits Upper explosion limit: 57 %(V) Lower explosion limit: 4 %(V)
  • Vapour pressure 1.202 hPa at 25 °C
  • Vapour density 1,52 - (Air = 1.0)
  • Relative density0.823 (20/4℃) (?90% Soln.)
  • Water solubilitycompletely miscible
  • Partition coefficient: n-octanol/waterlog Pow: 0,63 - Bioaccumulation is not expected.
  • Autoignition temperature175 °C at 1.013 hPa
  • Decomposition temperature No data available
  • ViscosityViscosity, kinematic: No data available Viscosity, dynamic: 0,24 mPa.s at 20 °C
  • Explosive propertiesNo data available
  • Oxidizing propertiesNo data available
  • Henry's Law Constant7.69 at 25 °C (Snider and Dawson, 1985:Benkelberg et al., 1995)

Other safety information

Relative vapor density

1,52 - (Air = 1.0)

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity

Reactivity

Vapors may form explosive mixture with air.

Chemical stability

The product is chemically stable under standard ambient conditions (room temperature) . Avoid exposure to air any longer than necessary so as to prevent peroxide formation.

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of hazardous reactions

No data available

Conditions to avoid

Warming.

Incompatible materials

rubber, various plastics

Hazardous decomposition products

In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Information on toxicological effects

Acute toxicity
Oral
Skin corrosion/irritation
Skin - Rabbit
Result: No skin irritation (OECD Test Guideline 404)
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
Eyes - Rabbit
Result: Severe irritations Remarks: (RTECS)
Lacrimal irritation due to vapours. conjunctivitis
Respiratory or skin sensitization
No data available
Germ cell mutagenicity
Suspected of causing genetic defects. Test Type: Ames test
Test system: Escherichia coli/Salmonella typhimurium Metabolic activation: with and without metabolic activation Result: negative
Remarks: (ECHA)
Carcinogenicity
No data available
Reproductive toxicity
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
May cause respiratory irritation.
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
No data available
Aspiration hazard
No data available
Toxicity
LD50 orally in rats: 1930 mg/kg (Smyth)

SECTION 12: Ecological information

Toxicity

Toxicity to fish
static test LC50 - Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) - 31 mg/l

- 96 h

Remarks: (ECHA)


Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates

static test EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - ca. 48,3 mg/l - 48 h Remarks: (ECHA)

Toxicity to algae
static test ErC50 - Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata - > 100 mg/l - 72 h

(OECD Test Guideline 201)

static test EC10 - Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata - > 100 mg/l - 72 h

(OECD Test Guideline 201)

Persistence and degradability

Biodegradability aerobic Biochemical oxygen demand - Exposure time 14 d Result: 80 % - Readily biodegradable.

(OECD Test Guideline 301C)

Bioaccumulative potential

No data available

Mobility in soil

No data available

Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

This substance/mixture contains no components considered to be either persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT), or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) at

levels of 0.1% or higher.

Other adverse effects

No data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

Incompatibilities

Reacts with air to form unstable peroxides which can explode. Contact with air causes acetaldehyde to chemically degrade to acetic acid. Strong oxidizers, acids, bases, alcohols, ammonia, amines, halogens, phenols, acid anhydrides, ketones, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulfide.

Product

See www.retrologistik.com for processes regarding the return of chemicals and containers, or contact us there if you have further questions.

Waste Disposal

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Incineration.

SECTION 14: Transport information

UN number

ADR/RID: 1089 IMDG: 1089 IATA: 1089

UN proper shipping name

ADR/RID: ACETALDEHYDE IMDG: ACETALDEHYDE IATA: Acetaldehyde

Passenger Aircraft: Not permitted for transport

Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

Packaging group

ADR/RID: I IMDG: I IATA: I

Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG Marine pollutant: no IATA: no

Special precautions for user

No data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

Regulations on the Safety Management of Hazardous Chemicals
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015:Listed. website: https://www.mem.gov.cn/
Measures for Environmental Management of New Chemical Substances
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC):Listed. website: https://www.mee.gov.cn/
EC Inventory:Listed.
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS):Listed. website: https://echa.europa.eu/
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL):Listed. website: http://ncis.nier.go.kr
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC):Listed. website: https://www.epa.govt.nz/
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS):Listed. website: https://emb.gov.ph/
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory:Listed. website: https://www.epa.gov/
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory:Listed. website: https://chemicaldata.gov.vn/

SECTION 16: Other information

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average

References

【1】CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple

【2】ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp

【3】ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

【4】eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en

【5】ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg

【6】Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp

【7】HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm

【8】IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/

【9】IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home

【10】Sigma-Aldrich, website: https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/

Other Information

Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance; consult an expert.Rinse contaminated clothing with plenty of water because of fire hazard.
Disclaimer:

The information in this MSDS is only applicable to the specified product, unless otherwise specified, it is not applicable to the mixture of this product and other substances. This MSDS only provides information on the safety of the product for those who have received the appropriate professional training for the user of the product. Users of this MSDS must make independent judgments on the applicability of this SDS. The authors of this MSDS will not be held responsible for any harm caused by the use of this MSDS.

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