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Citronella oil

Essential oils Chemical properties Uses plant origin Specificationstraits Function The standard of allowable maximum amount and residue

CAS No.8000-29-1
Chemical Name:Citronella oil
Synonyms:FEMA 2308;zitronelloel;Fema no. 2308;CITRONELLA OIL;CINTRONELLAOIL;CITRONELLAJAVA;OIL, CITRONELLA;Oils,citronella;Caswell no. 618;OIL OF CITRONELLA
CBNumber:CB3310854
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:0
MOL File:Mol file
Citronella oil Property
bp : 222 °C(lit.)
density : 0.897 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
FEMA : 2308
refractive index : n20/D 1.471(lit.)
Fp : 195 °F
storage temp. : 2-8°C
Stability:: Stable. Flammable.
EPA Substance Registry System: Oils, citronella(8000-29-1)
Safety
Hazard Codes : C,Xi
Risk Statements : 34-43-41-37/38-36/37/38
Safety Statements : 26-36/37/39-45
RIDADR : UN 1760 8/PG 2
WGK Germany : 2
RTECS : GE8750000
F : 8
HazardClass : 3.2
PackingGroup : III

Citronella oil Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Essential oils
Citronella oil, also known as vanilla oil is a kind of essential oil produced by the steam distillation of citronella or sub-lemongrass. It is a light yellow to light brown clear liquid, with the characteristic aroma of citronellal. The aroma of Ceylon type is thick and poor. This essential oil is insoluble in glycerol and propylene glycol, soluble in most volatile oils, mineral oils and ethanol. Java-type oil: the relative density is 0.880 ~ 0.895 (20/20 ℃); the refractive index is 1.466 ~ 1.473. Ceylon oil: the relative density is 0.894 ~ 0.910 (20/20 ℃), the refractive index is 1.479 to 1.487. The main components are citronellal (35% to 45% Java type; 5% to 16% Ceylon type), geraniol (85% Java type; 60% Ceylon), citral, eugenol, vanillin, eugenol, butanedione, benzaldehyde, methylheptenone, juniperene, isovaleraldehyde, geranyl and its esters, etc.
Citronella oil is one of the important natural spices, mainly used for soap and detergent. It is also used in repellent. But the main purpose is to acquire citronellal and geraniol from citronella oil, and further to synthesize hydroxy citronellal, rose alcohol, citral, ionone, vitamin A and a series of citronella oil spices to produce cosmetics and flavoring as well as menthol which used in the pharmaceutical industry, and repellent. Citronella oil also has the function of sterilization, anti-inflammatory, relief of swelling and pain, active, etc.
Java citronella cymbopogon wintorianus Jowitt and Ceylon citronella C.nardus Rondle are two major cultivars around the world. Java citronella is also known as Ma-hapangiri, with an oil yield of 1.2-1.4% and a total alcohol content of 80-90%: Ceylon citronella, also known as Lonabatupangiri, with an oil yield of 0.37 ~ 0.4%, and the total alcohol content of 55 ~ 65%. So Java citronella are widely planted in the world's tropical countries.
The above information is edited by the editors Tongtong from the chemicalbook.
Chemical properties
Yellow liquid; relative density: 0.8842-0.8965; refractive index: 1.4650-1.480; with a strong grass aroma.
Uses
Citronella oil is one of the important natural spices. It can be directly used as soap spices, mainly used for separation and extraction of citronellal and geraniol, and further to synthesize citronellol, hydroxy citronellal, rose alcohol, menthol and other important spices.
plant origin
derived from the whole plant distilled by citronella steam.
Specificationstraits
light yellow liquid, strong, slightly sweet, with a strong grass aroma; relative density: 0.888 ~ 0.892; refractive index (20 ℃): 1.470 ~ 1.474 ; content: more than 35% citronellal, 85% citronellol.
Function
Act as a pesticide, anophelifuge,soap perfume.
The standard of allowable maximum amount and residue
Name of additives: Citronella oil
Name of food allowable for the additive: food
Function of the additive: Spices used in food
Maximum allowable amount (g/kg): The amount of spices to compound essence should be lower than the allowable maximum amount and residue listed in GB 2760.
Maximum allowable residue (g / kg):
Chemical Properties
colourless or light yellow liquid with characteristic
Citronella oil Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
Citronellol Geraniol Citronellyl acetate Citronellal 3,7-Dimethyl-7-hydroxyoctanal CITRONELLYL BUTYRATE
Citronella oil Suppliers      Global( 55)Suppliers     
SupplierTelFaxEmailCountryProdListAdvantage
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266021-58436166-800info@energy-chemical.comCHINA 44196 61
Shanghai G&K Biomedical Scientific Inc. +86-21-34502253 13391330186+86-21-23027826info@gksci.comCHINA 133 52
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp. 021-67601398-808021-57711696gduan@spectrumchina.netCHINA 9354 60
Shanghai Tauto Biotech Co., Ltd 0086-21-513205880086-21-51320502export2@tautobiotech.comCHINA 3949 66
Shanghai Worldyang Chemical Co.,Ltd. +86-21-56791066,56795766,56795797+86-21-56795266sales@worldyachem.comCHINA 8733 58
Wuhan Dahua Weiye Pharmaceutical Chemical Co., Ltd. 027-59887161027-594209802846469424@qq.comCHINA 2158 50
Chizhou Kailong Import and Export Trade Co., Ltd. Please Email-xg01_gj@163.comCHINA 9720 50
3600Chem 027- 59101679 59207852 18827367472027-59524646sales@3600chem.comCHINA 4975 55
Jiangxi Baicao Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 0796-8118889 /8611880/81133290796-8112278sales001@jxhcxl.comCHINA 110 58
Shanghai YuanYe Biotechnology Co., Ltd. 021-61312874021-55068248shyysw@163.comCHINA 27245 60
 
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