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Citronella oil

Essential oils Chemical properties Uses plant origin Specificationstraits Function The standard of allowable maximum amount and residue
Citronella oil
Citronella oil
Chemical Name:
Citronella oil
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:
Mol file

Citronella oil Properties

Boiling point:
222 °C(lit.)
0.897 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.471(lit.)
Flash point:
195 °F
storage temp. 
Stable. Flammable.
EPA Substance Registry System
Oils, citronella(8000-29-1)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  C,Xi
Risk Statements  34-43-41-37/38-36/37/38
Safety Statements  26-36/37/39-45
RIDADR  UN 1760 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  GE8750000
HazardClass  3.2
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  33012920
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H334 May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled Sensitisation, respiratory Category 1 Danger P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P342+P311 IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

Citronella oil price More Price(7)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W230804 Citronella oil, Chinese 85/35 8000-29-1 1kg-k $94 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W230804 Citronella oil, Chinese 85/35 8000-29-1 sample-k $40 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W230812 Citronella oil, Java 8000-29-1 sample-k $40 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W230812 Citronella oil, Java 8000-29-1 1kg-k $109 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W230812 Citronella oil, Java 8000-29-1 4kg-k $265 2017-11-08 Buy

Citronella oil Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Essential oils

Citronella oil, also known as vanilla oil is a kind of essential oil produced by the steam distillation of citronella or sub-lemongrass. It is a light yellow to light brown clear liquid, with the characteristic aroma of citronellal. The aroma of Ceylon type is thick and poor. This essential oil is insoluble in glycerol and propylene glycol, soluble in most volatile oils, mineral oils and ethanol. Java-type oil: the relative density is 0.880~0.895 (20/20 ℃); the refractive index is 1.466~1.473. Ceylon oil: the relative density is 0.894~0.910 (20/20 ℃), the refractive index is 1.479 to 1.487. The main components are citronellal (35% to 45% Java type; 5% to 16% Ceylon type), geraniol (85% Java type; 60% Ceylon), citral, eugenol, vanillin, eugenol, butanedione, benzaldehyde, methylheptenone, juniperene, isovaleraldehyde, geranyl and its esters, etc.
Citronella oil is one of the important natural spices, mainly used for soap and detergent. It is also used in repellent. But the main purpose is to acquire citronellal and geraniol from citronella oil, and further to synthesize hydroxy citronellal, rose alcohol, citral, ionone, vitamin A and a series of citronella oil spices to produce cosmetics and flavoring as well as menthol which used in the pharmaceutical industry, and repellent. Citronella oil also has the function of sterilization, anti-inflammatory, relief of swelling and pain, active, etc.
Java citronella cymbopogon wintorianus Jowitt and Ceylon citronella C.nardus Rondle are two major cultivars around the world. Java citronella is also known as Ma-hapangiri, with an oil yield of 1.2-1.4% and a total alcohol content of 80-90%: Ceylon citronella, also known as Lonabatupangiri, with an oil yield of 0.37~0.4%, and the total alcohol content of 55~65%. So Java citronella are widely planted in the world's tropical countries.
The above information is edited by the editors Tongtong from the chemicalbook.

Chemical properties

Yellow liquid; relative density: 0.8842-0.8965; refractive index: 1.4650-1.480; with a strong grass aroma.


Citronella oil is one of the important natural spices. It can be directly used as soap spices, mainly used for separation and extraction of citronellal and geraniol, and further to synthesize citronellol, hydroxy citronellal, rose alcohol, menthol and other important spices.

plant origin

derived from the whole plant distilled by citronella steam.


light yellow liquid, strong, slightly sweet, with a strong grass aroma; relative density: 0.888~0.892; refractive index (20 ℃): 1.470~1.474 ; content: more than 35% citronellal, 85% citronellol.


Act as a pesticide, anophelifuge,soap perfume.

The standard of allowable maximum amount and residue

Name of additives: Citronella oil
Name of food allowable for the additive: food
Function of the additive: Spices used in food
Maximum allowable amount (g/kg): The amount of spices to compound essence should be lower than the allowable maximum amount and residue listed in GB 2760.
Maximum allowable residue (g/kg):

Chemical Properties

colourless or light yellow liquid with characteristic

Citronella oil Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Citronella oil Suppliers

Global( 66)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Jiangxi Baolin Natural Spices Co.Ltd. 0796-8102348 13576833965 13576827225
0796-8116585 China 120 58
Jiangxi Baicao Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 0796-8118889; 15907062626, QQ:3405527263
0796-8112278 China 110 58
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 China 44192 61
Shanghai G&K Biomedical Scientific Inc. +86-21-34502253 13391330186
+86-21-23027826 China 133 52
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp. 021-67601398,18616765336,QQ:3475911745
021-57711696 China 9824 60
Shanghai Tauto Biotech Co., Ltd 0086-21-51320588
0086-21-51320502 China 3583 66
Shanghai Worldyang Chemical Co.,Ltd. +86-21-56791066,56795766,56795797
+86-21-56795266 China 8787 58
Wuhan Dahua Weiye Pharmaceutical Chemical Co., Ltd. 027-59262863 13277907145 QQ 3091977954
027-83322098 China 2000 50
Chizhou Kailong Import and Export Trade Co., Ltd. Please Email
- China 9690 50
3600Chem 027-59207852 51787268 18827367472
027-59524646 China 4993 55

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