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Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride
Sodium chloride
CAS No.
7647-14-5
Chemical Name:
Sodium chloride
Synonyms
Ayr;PAD;IVS;SALT;NaCl;SALZ;PDI4;Purex;Betrox;Saltex
CBNumber:
CB4104636
Molecular Formula:
ClNa
Formula Weight:
58.44
MOL File:
7647-14-5.mol

Sodium chloride Properties

Melting point:
801 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
100 °C750 mm Hg
Density 
1.199 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 865 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.378
Flash point:
1413°C
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
H2O: soluble
form 
tablets
color 
White
PH
5.5-6.5(1 tablet in 100 mL purified water)
Water Solubility 
360 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,8599
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
7647-14-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Sodium chloride(7647-14-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Sodium chloride (NaCl)(7647-14-5)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  36-36/37/38-22
Safety Statements  24/25-26-36
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  VZ4725000
3-10
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  38220000
Hazardous Substances Data 7647-14-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word:
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H303 May be harmfulif swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 5 P312
Precautionary statements:

Sodium chloride price More Price(151)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.06400 Sodium chloride 7647-14-5 1EA $388 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.06404 Sodium chloride 7647-14-5 1EA $30 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 10862 Sodium chloride, Puratronic?, 99.998% (metals basis) 7647-14-5 25g $55.4 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 10862 Sodium chloride, Puratronic?, 99.998% (metals basis) 7647-14-5 100g $162 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.06404 Sodium chloride 7647-14-5 2EA $46 2017-11-08 Buy

Sodium chloride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Sodium chloride is widely distributed in nature. Oceans are the vast source of sodium chloride. It occurs in seawater at an average concentration of 2.68 wt%. It also occurs in many inland saline waters and in salt deposits in sedimentary rocks, as the mineral halite.
Sodium chloride is probably the most important salt of both sodium and chlorine. Sodium chloride, common table salt, is an essential component of most food preparation, imparting flavor to food and providing the sodium nutritional requirement. Also, it is used for preserving food. Therapeutically, NaCl solution is used to combat dehydration as an electrolyte replenisher, and it is an emetic.
The most important applications of sodium chloride in the chemical industry are in making a number of important industrial chemicals such as hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, and metallic sodium. It is the starting material in manufacturing these substances. Other uses are in dyeing and printing fabrics, glazing pottery, in making soap, and for curing hides. Sodium chloride is a component of many freezing mixtures.

Chemical Properties

White crystalline powder

Uses

Facilitates the cross-coupling of organostannanes with iodides without using palladium.1

Uses

Used in biochemistry and molecular biology applications; a component of PBS and SSC buffers

Uses

Used as an electrolyte; buffers ; matrix modification.

Definition

ChEBI: An inorganic chloride salt having sodium(1+) as the counterion.

Preparation

Sodium chloride is produced by solar evaporation of seawater or brine from underground salt deposits. It also is produced by mining rock salt. The commercial product contains small amounts of calcium and magnesium chlorides.

General Description

A white crystalline solid. Commercial grade usually contains some chlorides of calcium and magnesium which absorb moisture and cause caking.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Sodium chloride is generally unreactive. Releases gaseous hydrogen chloride if mixed with a concentrated nonvolatile acid such as sulfuric acid.

Fire Hazard

Literature sources indicate that Sodium chloride is nonflammable.

Sodium chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Sodium chloride Suppliers

Global( 334)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Hangzhou Bayee Chemical Co., Ltd.
0086-571-86990109; 0086-18605816692
0086-571-85775919 rachelhoo@bayeechem.com China 99 55
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 Abel@chembj.com CHINA 3230 55
Shanghai Macklin Biochemical Co.,Ltd. 15221275939
021-51821727 shenlinxing@macklin.cn China 13254 55
Wuhan Fortuna Chemical Co., Ltd +86-27-59207852 85767163
+86-27-59524646 info@fortunachem.com China 3102 58
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25125 65
Yonghua Chemical Technology (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd. +86-512-5254 9999 To 852
+86-512-5254 6337 chenshuping@yonghuachem.com China 686 60
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96831 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40403 62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 86-21-50328103 * 801、802、803、804 Mobile:18930552037
86-21-50328109 3bsc@sina.com China 15950 69
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30314 84

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