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Lithium nitrate

Chemical properties Solubility in water (g/100ml) Toxicity Application Preparation Explosive characteristics References

CAS No.7790-69-4
Chemical Name:Lithium nitrate
Synonyms:LiNO3;Lithiumnitrat;thiuM nitrate;LITHIUM NITRATE;LithiumNitrate>97%;LithiumNitrateLiNO3;LITHIUM NITRATE ANYD.;LITHIUM NITRATE REAGENT;lithium standard for ic;LITHIUM NITRATE, 99.999%
Molecular Formula:LiNO3
Formula Weight:68.95
MOL File:7790-69-4.mol
Lithium nitrate Property
Melting point : 264 °C(lit.)
Boiling point : 600 °C
density : 2.38
RTECS : QU9330000
Fp : 600°C
solubility : H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
Water Solubility : 90 g/L (28 ºC)
Sensitive : Hygroscopic
Merck : 14,5536
Stability:: Stable. Incompatible with reducing agents, strong acids, organic materials, finely powdered metals. Oxidizer.
CAS DataBase Reference: 7790-69-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System: Nitric acid, lithium salt(7790-69-4)
Hazard Codes : O,Xi
Risk Statements : 8-36/38
Safety Statements : 22-24/25-17-26
RIDADR : UN 2722 5.1/PG 3
WGK Germany : 1
TSCA : Yes
HazardClass : 5.1
PackingGroup : III

Lithium nitrate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical properties
Lithium Nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiNO3 with highly water solubility. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water.
Lithium Nitrate is white trigonal crystal. It is soluble in water, ethanol, pyridine and ammonia. The aqueous solution is neutral.
Solubility in water (g/100ml)
Dissolved amount (g) per 100 milliliters of water at different temperatures (° C)
  • Lithium nitrate can be toxic to the body when ingested by targeting the central nervous system, thyroids, kidneys, and cardio-vascular system. When exposed to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, lithium nitrate can cause irritation to these areas.
  • It releases toxic and irritating nitrogen oxides when it burns. It decomposes at high temperatures, producing toxic nitroxides. When people inhale these, they will be poisoned. Others refer to sodium nitrate.
  • Used as liquid ammonia stabilizer in refrigeration equipment, rocket propellant, oxidants of pyrotechnic manufacture, glass etchants, antistatic agents, composition of molten salt in metallurgical industry.
  • Used as an analytical reagent; dissolving and cooling agent; heat exchange carrier; catalyst for the paint; raw materials of other nickel salt; mordant of reducing dye.
  • Used for the manufacture of a phosphor, other lithium salt, nickel batteries and for ceramics and metal coloring.
  • Used in the electroplating industry; organic synthesis and production of hardening oil.
  • Lithium Nitrate has been proposed as a medium to store heat collected from the sun for cooking.
  • Lithium nitrate is also a very good oxidizing agent in the manufacture of red-colored fireworks and flares.
  • Currently, lithium nitrate is being tested to see if it can be applied to concrete-pavement to withstand weathering effects.
Lithium hydroxide or lithium carbonate is added to the reactor containing distilled water, and nitric acid is slowly added under stirring and heating to carry out the reaction. Then we evaporate it to dryness and heat it under vacuum at about 200 ° C, finally we get lithium nitrate. HNO3+LiOH→LiNO3+H2O
Explosive characteristics
May cause the acceleration of the burning of combustible materials. Prolonged exposure to heat or flames may result in an explosion.
Chemical Properties
White crystal
ChEBI: The inorganic nitrate salt of lithium.
General Description
A white to light yellow colored crystalline solid. Denser than water. Contact with the material may cause irritation to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion. May cause the acceleration of the burning of combustible materials. Prolonged exposure to heat or flames may result in an explosion.
Air & Water Reactions
Deliquescent. Soluble in water.
Reactivity Profile
Lithium nitrate is an oxidizing agent. Mixtures with alkyl esters may explode owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates; mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride, or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979. p. 108-109].
Health Hazard
Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Fire Hazard
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Lithium nitrate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Lithium hydroxide Lithium carbonate Nitric acid
Preparation Products
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7790-69-4(Lithium nitrate)Related Search:
Sodium nitrate Aluminum nitrate Calcium nitrate Ammonium nitrate Sodium nitrite Lithium chloride Miconazole nitrate nitric acid Silver nitrate Potassium nitrate Miconazole Nitrate lithium nitrite Lithium hydroxide Lithium hydroxide Lithium nitrate Litium Magnesium nitrate NITRATE
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