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107-16-4

107-16-4 Structure

107-16-4 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Glycolonitrile
[CAS]

107-16-4
[Synonyms]

2-HYDROXYACETONITRILE
2-Hydroxymethylnitrile
cyanomethanol
FORMALDEHYDE CYANHYDRIN
FORMALDEHYDE CYANOHYDRIN
GLYCOLIC ACID NITRILE
GLYCOLONITRILE
HYDROXYACETONITRILE
2-Hydroxyethanenitrile
alpha-hydroxyacetonitrile
alpha-hydroxymethylcyanide
Cyanomethanol,glycolonitrile
Glycolic nitrile
glycolicacidnitrilesolution
glycolicnitrile
Glyconitrile
Glykolonitril
HOCH2CN
hydroxy-acetonitril
Hydroxyactonitrile
[EINECS(EC#)]

203-469-1
[Molecular Formula]

C2H3NO
[MDL Number]

MFCD00042731
[Molecular Weight]

57.05
[MOL File]

107-16-4.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

Formaldehyde cyanohydrin is a colorless, odorless, oily liquid. Sweet taste (very highly toxic; do not test).
[Appearance]

light yellow liquid (typically available as a concentrated
[mp ]

-72°C
[bp ]

183°C
[density ]

1.076 g/mL at 20 °C
[refractive index ]

n20/D 1.389
[Fp ]

133 °F
[Stability:]

Stable, but may react violently with alkalies. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
[Water Solubility ]

>=10 g/100 mL at 20 ºC
[Uses]

Solvent and organic intermediate.
[CAS DataBase Reference]

107-16-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Acetonitrile, hydroxy-(107-16-4)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

107-16-4(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

T+
[Risk Statements ]

R26/27/28:Very Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed .
[Safety Statements ]

S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
[RIDADR ]

UN 3276 6.1/PG 1
[WGK Germany ]

-
[RTECS ]

AM0350000
[HazardClass ]

6.1(a)
[PackingGroup ]

I
[Hazardous Substances Data]

107-16-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

POTASSIUM CYANIDE-->Potassium hydroxide solution-->formaldehyde-->HYDROGEN CYANIDE
[Preparation Products]

Butyl acrylate-->Iminodiacetic acid-->FENPYRITHRIN-->DL-Mandelic acid -->Sodium sarcosinate-->Methoxyacetonitrile
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

Odorless colorless oil with a sweetish taste. Used in the manufacture of intermediates in pharmaceutical production, as a component of synthetic resins, as a chemical intermediate for organic compounds, and as a solvent.
[Reactivity Profile]

FORMALDEHYDE CYANOHYDRIN(107-16-4) may undergo spontaneous and violent decomposition. Traces of alkali (base) promote violent polymerization [Lewis].
[Air & Water Reactions]

Water soluble.
[Hazard]

Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption.
[Health Hazard]

Extremely toxic, exposure by any route should be avoided; may have fatal consequences; death from asphyxiation may occur similar to that resulting from hydrogen cyanide.
[Potential Exposure]

Formaldehyde cyanohydrin is used in the manufacture of intermediates in pharmaceutical produc tion and as a component of synthetic resins as a chemical intermediate for organic compounds, and as a solvent.
[First aid]

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Speed in removing material from skin is of extreme importance. Seek medical attention immedi ately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from expo sure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Keep victim quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Effects may be delayed; keep victim under observation. Use amyl nitrate capsules if symptoms develop. All area employ ees should be trained regularly in emergency measures for cyanide poisoning and in CPR. A cyanide antidote kit should be kept in the immediate work area and must be rapidly available. Kit ingredients should be replaced every 1 2 years to ensure freshness. Persons trained in the use of this kit; oxygen use, and CPR must be quickly available.
[Fire Hazard]

Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or by spontaneous chemical reaction in the presence of alkalies if uninhibited. When heated to decomposition, FORMALDEHYDE CYANOHYDRIN emits highly toxic fumes of cyanide and nitrogen oxides. Unstable, may explode on standing. Hazardous polymerization may occur. avoid the presence of alkalis, and exposure to heat.
[Shipping]

UN3276 Nitriles, liquid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required, Potential Inhalation Hazard (Special Provision 5). UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.
[Incompatibilities]

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, and exposure to heat. Unless stabilized with a weak acid solution, traces of alka lis may cause violent polymerization.
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

2-Hydroxymethylnitrile(107-16-4).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Glycolonitrile(107-16-4)MS
Glycolonitrile(107-16-4)IR1
Glycolonitrile(107-16-4)ESR
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Sigma Aldrich]

107-16-4(sigmaaldrich)
107-16-4 suppliers list
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