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13463-39-3 Structure

13463-39-3 Structure
IdentificationBack Directory



Carbonyl nickel
Nickel carbonyle
Nickel tetracarbonyl
Tetracarbonyl nickel
Nickel tetracarbonyle
Nichel tetracarbonile
Rcra waste number P073
Nickel carbonyl (Ni(CO)4)
(T-4)-nickel tetracarbonyl
Nickel carbonyl (Ni(CO)4), (T-4)-
Nickel carbonyl? Nickel carbonyl, (T-4)-
tetracarbonylnickel nickel tetracarbonyl
Nickel carbonyl (Material sold in non-returnable cylinder)

[Molecular Formula]

[MDL Number]

[Molecular Weight]

[MOL File]

Chemical PropertiesBack Directory

Nickel carbonyl is a clear colourless to yellow volatile liquid, is flammable, and burns with a yellow flame. It is denser than water and insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol, benzene, chloroform, acetone, ethanol, carbon tetrachloride, and nitric acid. The vapours are heavier than air. In industries, nickel carbonyl is used in nickel coat steel and other metals and to make very pure nickel. Nickel carbonyl gets peroxidised by air as a solid deposit and decomposes to ignite.

A zero-valent compound. The four carbonyl groups form a tetrahedral arrangement and are linked covalently to the metal through the carbons

colourless liquid with a musty odour

Nickel carbonyl is a colorless, highly volatile, flammable liquid with a musty odor. The Odor Threshold is 1.3 ppm. It decomposes above room temperature producing carbon monoxide and finely divided nickel.
[Melting point ]

[Boiling point ]

[density ]

1,32 g/cm3
[Fp ]

[form ]

[color ]


Stable. Highly flammable and highly reactive. Explosion hazard.
[Water Solubility ]

soluble in ~5000 parts air free H2O; soluble alcohol, benzene, chloroform, acetone, CCl4 [MER06]
[Sensitive ]

heat sensitive
Questions And AnswerBack Directory

Purification intermediate in refining nickel; catalyst in the petroleum, plastic, and rubber industries
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[Chemical Properties]

colourless liquid with a musty odour

In organic synthesis; production of high-purity nickel powder and continuous nickel coatings on steel and other metals.
[General Description]

A clear colorless to yellow liquid. Boiling point 43°C. Flash point below 0°F. Very toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Carcinogenic. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air. Used to nickel coat steel and other metals and to make very pure nickel.
[Air & Water Reactions]

Highly flammable over a wide range of vapor-air concentrations. Is peroxidized by air to give a solid deposit that tends to decompose and ignite. Insoluble in water.
[Reactivity Profile]

NICKEL CARBONYL is easily oxidized. Presents a very serious fire hazard if exposed to heat, flame, sparks, oxidizing agents. Explodes when heated to about 60°C. Reacts explosively with bromine (liquid), oxygen in the presence of mercury, or hydrocarbons (butane) mixed with oxygen. Undergoes violent reactions with air, oxygen, dinitrogen tetraoxide. Caused an explosion when added to an n-butane-oxygen at 20-40°C [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 70:2055-6. 1948]. Reacts with tetrachloropropadiene to form an extremely explosive dinickel chloride dimer. Emits highly toxic fumes of carbon monoxide when heated to decomposition or in contact with mineral acids or acid fumes [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 1734]. Vapor explodes in air or oxygen at 20°C and a partial pressure of 15 mm.
[Health Hazard]

Probable oral lethal dose for a human is between 50 and 500 mg/kg, between one teaspoon and one ounce per 150 lb. person. NICKEL CARBONYL has also been estimated to be lethal in man at atmospheric exposures of 30 ppm for 20 minutes. Autopsies show congestion, collapse, and tissue destruction, as well as hemorrhage in the brain. Dermatitis, recurrent asthmatic attacks, and increased number of white blood cells (eosinophils) in respiratory tract are acute health hazards. NICKEL CARBONYL is poisonous. It can be fatal if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through skin. Vapors may cause irritation, congestion, and edema of lungs.
[Fire Hazard]

Vapor forms explosive mixtures with air. Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a considerable distance to source of ignition and flash back. Liquid may explode when heated under confinement. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors, or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire and explosion. May explode at 68F in presence of air or oxygen. Avoid contact with heat, acid or acid fumes as these cause the emission of highly toxic fumes. Avoid contact with air, ignition sources and vapors entering a confined space.

Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explodes at 60C (140F). A lung irritant and confirmed carcinogen.
[Potential Exposure]

Nickel carbonyl is used as an intermediate product in the refining of nickel. The primary use for nickel carbonyl is in the production of nickel by the Mond process. Impure nickel powder is reacted with carbon monoxide to form gaseous nickel carbonyl which is then treated to deposit high purity metallic nickel and release carbon monoxide. Other uses include gas plating; the production of nickel products; in chemical synthesis as a catalyst, particularly for oxo reactions (addition reaction of hydrogen and carbon monoxide with unsaturated hydrocarbons to form oxygen-function compounds); e.g., synthesis of acrylic esters; and as a reactant.
[First aid]

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Medical observation is advised for 3 days or more; delayed lung effects including pulmonary edema may occur.

UN1259 Nickel carbonyl, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3-Flammable liquid, Inhalation Hazard Zone A. A United States DOT Severe Marine Pollutant.

May spontaneously ignite on contact with air. In the presence of air, oxidizes and forms a deposit which becomes peroxidized; this tends to decompose and ignite. May explode when heated above 60 C. Decomposes on contact with acids producing carbon monoxide. Violent reaction with oxidizers; may cause fire and explosions. Vapor may promote the ignition of mixtures of combustible vapors (such as gasoline) and air. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings. Store under inert gas blanket.
[Waste Disposal]

Incineration in admixture with a flammable solvent. Also, nickel carbonyl used in metallizing operations may be recovered and recycled. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

[Risk Statements ]

[Safety Statements ]


[HazardClass ]

[PackingGroup ]

[Safety Profile]

ConfEmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, tumorigenic, and teratogenic data. A human poison by inhalation. Poison experimentally by inhalation, intravenous, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by inhalation: somnolence, fever, and other pulmonary changes. Vapors may cause coughing, dyspnea (difficult breathing), irritation, congestion and edema of the lungs, tachycardia (rapid pulse), cyanosis, headache, dizziness, and weakness. Toxicity by inhalation is believed to be caused by both the nickel and carbon monoxide liberated in the lungs. Chronic exposure may cause cancer of lungs, nasal sinuses. Sensitization dermatitis is fairly common. Probably the most hazardous compound of nickel in the workplace. A common air contaminant. It is lipid soluble and can cross biological membranes (e.g., lung alveolus, blood-brain barrier, placental barrier). A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Explodes when heated to about 60°. Explosive reaction with liquid bromine, mercury + oxygen, oxygen + butane. Violent reaction with dinitrogen tetraoxide, air, oxygen. Reacts with tetrachloropropadtene to form the extremely sensitive explosive dicarbonyl trichloropropenyl dinickel chloride dimer. Can react with oxidzing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acid or acid fumes, it emits highly toxic fumes of carbon monoxide. See also NICKEL COMPOUNDS and CARBONYLS.

LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 39 i.p.; 63 s.c.; 66 i.v. (Hackett, Sunderman)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
【Preparation Products】

Acrylic acid-->Propionic acid-->Ethyl acrylate
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