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카스 번호:
NSC 2228;Thymoquinon;THYMOQUINONE;thymolquinone;Semen Nigellae;AURORA KA-6714;Thymoquinone,99%;Black seed extract;p-Cymene-2,5-dione;Thymoquinone, >=98%
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:


45-47 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
230-232 °C(lit.)
1.0326 (rough estimate)
1.5155 (estimate)
219 °F
CAS 데이터베이스
490-91-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-36/37/38
안전지침서 26-36
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 GU5330000
HS 번호 29146990
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

THYMOQUINONE C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

orange to brown crystals


Thymoquinone is a phytochemical compound found in the plant Nigella sativa. Thymoquinone has antioxidant effects and has been shown to protect against heart, liver and kidney damage in animal studies, as well as having possible anti-cancer effects. Thymoquinone also has analgesic and anticonvulsant effects in animal models. Thymoquinone is an angiogenesis inhibitor.

색상 색인 번호

Thymoquinone is an allergen in different cedar species, Cupressaceae family, such as incense cedar (Calocedrus decurrens Florin) used for pencils, chests or toys, and western cedar (Thuja plicata Donn.) as used for hard real- izations such as construction or boats.

Anticancer Research

The black cumin (Nigella sativa) that has a long history of medicinal use contains aphytochemical called thymoquinone (2-methyl-5-isopropyl-1,4-benzoquinone)(Padhye et al. 2008; Khan et al. 2011). In the regions of Southeastern Asia, Africa,Arab and the Mediterranean, the black cumin seeds have a notable history in traditionalmedicine practices. In ancient Egypt, Greece and Turkey, black cumin seedswere often used to treat many diseases and ailments (Padhye et al. 2008; Salih et al.2009; Khan et al. 2011; Ahmad et al. 2013). The Nigella sativa plant seeds and oilare used for medicinal purposes, and they are known for their hepatoprotective,renal-protective, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anticancer, antihypertensive, analgesic,anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, spasmolytic, gastro-protective, bronchodilativeand antioxidant activities (Salih et al. 2009; Khan et al. 2011; Ahmad et al.2013). Recently, Barkat et al. (2017) reported that administration of thymoquinoneto MDA-MB-231 acts on cell cycle and inhibits progression from G1 to S phase bytargeting the cell cycle-related proteins such as cyclin D1, cyclin E and p27. It alsoexhibits histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitory effects, targets p21 and Maspin andinduces pro-apoptotic gene, Bax, and downregulates anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2(Barkat et al. 2017).
Thymoquinone is the primary bioactive constituent of seed oil of Nigella sativa. It is a chemopreventiveagent and suppresses the proliferation of breast, colorectal, leukemia, osteosarcoma,ovarian, and pancreatic cancer cells. It suppresses TNF-inducedactivationof NF-κB in a time- and dose-dependent manner and the subsequent inhibition ofIκBα kinase activation, IκBα degradation, phosphorylation, p65 nuclear translocation,and phosphorylation. It specifically suppresses the nuclear p65 and recombinantp65 direct binding to DNA. It also downregulates the expression ofNF-κB-regulated antiapoptotic (survivin, IAP1, Bcl-xL, XIAP IAP2, Bcl-2), proliferative(cyclin D1, c-myc, and COX-2), and angiogenic (VEGF and MMP-9) geneproducts. It suppresses the activation of ERK and AKT pathways and blocks in vitroand in vivo angiogenesis (Aggarwal et al. 2008).

Anticancer Research

Thymoquinone acts on cell cycleand inhibits progression from G1 toS phase by targeting the cellcycle-related proteins such as cyclinD1, cyclin E and p27.It also exhibits histone deacetylase(HDAC) inhibitory effects andtargets p21 and Maspin.Induces pro-apoptotic gene, Bax,and downregulates anti-apoptoticgene Bcl-2
Barkat et al.(2017)

THYMOQUINONE 준비 용품 및 원자재


준비 용품


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